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Engineering Design A Project-Based Introduction

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ISBN-10: 1118324587

ISBN-13: 9781118324585

Edition: 4th 2014

Authors: Clive L. Dym, Elizabeth Orwin, Patrick Little

List price: $82.00
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Cornerstone Engineering Design combines a wide range of topics such as design, engineering design, project management, team dynamics and project–based learning into a single introductory work. The text focuses particularly on conceptual design, providing a brief, and yet comprehensive introduction to design methodology and project management tools to students early on in their careers.
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Book details

List price: $82.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 1/24/2014
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 7.40" wide x 9.20" long x 0.60" tall
Weight: 1.364
Language: English

Engineering Design What does it mean to design something? Is engineering design different from other kinds of design?
Where and when do engineers design?
A basic vocabulary for engineering design
Defining engineering design
Assumptions underlying our definition of engineering design
Measuring the success of an engineered design
Form and function
Design and systems
Communication and design
Learning and doing engineering design
Engineering design problems are challenging
Learning design by doing
Managing engineering design projects
Defining a Design Process and a Case Study How do I do engineering design? Can you show me an example?
The design process as a process of questioning
Describing and prescribing a design process
Informing a design process
Informing a design process by thinking strategically
Informing a design process with formal design methods
Acquiring design knowledge to inform a design process
Informing a design process with analysis and testing
Getting feedback to inform a design process
Case study: Design of a stabilizer for microlaryngeal surgery
Illustrative design examples
The Design Process and Design Tools
Problem Definition: Detailing Customer Requirements What does the client require of this design?
Clarifying the initial problem statement
Framing customer requirements
Lists of design attributes and of design objectives
Revised problem statements: Public statements of the design project
Designing an arm support for a CP-afflicted student
Problem Definition: Clarifying The Objectives What is this design intended to achieve?
Clarifying a client's objectives
Representing lists of objectives in objectives trees
Remarks on objectives trees
The objectives tree for the juice container design
Measurement issues in ordering and evaluating objectives
Rank ordering objectives with pairwise comparison charts
An individual's rank orderings
Aggregating rank orderings for a group
Using pairwise comparisons properly
Developing metrics to measure the achievement of objectives
Establishing good metrics for objectives
Establishing metrics for the juice container
Objectives and metrics for the Danbury arm support
Problem Definition: Identifying Constraints What are the limits for this design problem?
Identifying and setting the client's limits
Displaying and using constraints
Constraints for the Danbury arm support
Problem Definition: Establishing Functions How do I express a design's functions in engineering terms?
Establishing functions
Functions: Input is transformed into output
Expressing functions
Functional analysis: Tools for establishing functions
Black boxes and glass boxes
Dissection or reverse engineering
Function-means trees
Remarks on functions and objectives
Design specifications: Specifying functions, features, and behavior
Attaching numbers to design specifications
Setting performance levels
Interface performance specifications
House of quality: Accounting for the customers' requirements
Functions for the Danbury arm support
Conceptual Design: Generating Design Alternatives How do I generate or create feasible designs?
Generating the "design space," a space of engineering designs
Defining a design space by generating a morphological chart
Thinking metaphorically and strategically
The 6-3-5 method
The C-sketch method
The gallery method
Guiding thoughts on design generation
Navigating, expanding, and contracting design spaces
Navigating design spaces
Expanding a design space when it is too small
Contracting a design space when it is too large
Generating designs for the Danbury arm support
Conceptual Design: Evaluating Design Alternatives and Choosing a Design Which design should I choose? Which design is "best"?
Applying metrics to objectives: Selecting the preferred design
Numerical evaluation matrices
Priority checkmark method
The best-of-class chart
An important reminder about design evaluation
Evaluating designs for the Danbury arm support
Design Communication
Communicating Designs Graphically Here's my design; can you make it?
Engineering sketches and drawings speak to many audiences
Fabrication specifications: The several forms of engineering drawings
Design drawings
Detail drawings
Some Danbury arm support drawings
Fabrication specifications: The devil is in the details
Final notes on drawings
Prototyping and Proofing the Design Here's my design; how well does it work?
Prototypes, models, and proofs of concept
Prototypes and models are not the same thing
Testing prototypes and models, and proving concepts
When do we build a prototype?
Building models and prototypes
Who is going to make it?
Can we buy parts or components?
How, and from what, will the model/prototype be made?
How much will it cost?
Communicating Designs Orally and in Writing How do we let our client know about our solutions?
General guidelines for technical communication
Oral presentations: Telling a crowd what's been done
Knowing the audience: Who's listening?
The presentation outline
Presentations are visual events
Practice makes perfect, maybe …
Design reviews
The project report: Writing for the client, not for history
The purpose of and audience for the final report
The rough outline: Structuring the final report
The topic sentence outline: Every entry represents a paragraph
The first draft: Turning several voices into one
The final, final report: Ready for prime time
Final report elements for the Danbury arm support
Rough outlines of two project reports
ATSO for the Danbury arm support
The final outcome: The Danbury arm support
Design Modeling, Engineering Economics, and Design Use
Mathematical Modeling in Design Math and physics are very much part of the design process!
Some mathematical habits of thought for design modeling
Basic principles of mathematical modeling
Abstractions, scaling, and lumped elements
Some mathematical tools for design modeling
Physical dimensions in design (i): Dimensions and units
Physical dimensions in design (ii): Significant figures
Physical dimensions in design (iii): Dimensional analysis
Physical idealizations, mathematical approximations, and linearity
Conservation and balance laws
Series and parallel connections
Mechanical-electrical analogies
Modeling a battery-powered payload cart
Modeling the mechanics of moving a payload cart up a ramp
Selecting a battery and battery operating characteristics
Selecting a motor and motor operating characteristics
Design modeling of a ladder rung
Modeling a ladder rung as an elementary beam
Design criteria
Preliminary design of a ladder rung
Preliminary design considerations for a ladder rung
Preliminary design of a ladder rung for stiffness
Preliminary design of a ladder rung for strength
Closing remarks on mathematics, physics, and design
Engineering Economics in Design How much is this going to cost?
Cost estimation: How much does this particular design cost?
Labor, materials, and overhead costs
Economies of scale: Do we make it or buy it?
The cost of design and the cost of the designed device
The time value of money
Closing considerations on engineering and economics
Design for Production, Use, and Sustainability What other factors influence the design process?
Design for production: Can this design be made?
Design for manufacturing (DFM)
Design for assembly (DFA)
The bill of materials and production
Design for use: How long will this design work?
Design for sustainability: What about the environment?
Environmental issues and design
Global climate change
Environmental life-cycle assessments
Design Teams, Team Management, and Ethics in Design
Design Team Dynamics We can do this together, as a team!
Forming design teams
Stages of group formation
Team dynamics and design process activities
Constructive conflict: Enjoying a good fight
Leading design teams
Leadership and membership in teams
Personal behavior and roles in team settings
Managing a Design Project What do you want? When do you want it? How much are we going to spend?
Getting started: Establishing the managerial needs of a project
Tools for managing a project's scope
Team charters
Work breakdown structures
The team calendar: A tool for managing a project's schedule
The budget: A tool for managing a project's spending
Monitoring and controlling projects: Measuring a project's progress
Managing the end of a project
Ethics in Design Design is not just a technical matter
Ethics: Understanding obligations
Codes of ethics: What are our professional obligations?
Obligations may start with the client…
… But what about the public and the profession?
On engineering practice and the welfare of the public
Ethics: Always a part of engineering practice
Practical Aspects of Prototyping
Working safely in a shop
Selecting materials
Building techniques
Selecting a fastener
Fastening wood
Fastening polymers
Fastening metals
What size temporary fastener should I choose?
Practical Aspects of Engineering Drawing
Orthographic views
Metric versus inch dimensioning
Line types
Orienting, spacing, and placing dimensions
Types of dimensions
Some best practices of dimensioning
Geometric tolerancing
The 14 geometric tolerances
Feature control frames
Material condition modifiers
Position tolerance
How do I know my part meets the specifications in my drawing?
References and Bibliography