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Evo-Devo of Child Growth Treatise on Child Growth and Human Evolution

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ISBN-10: 1118027167

ISBN-13: 9781118027165

Edition: 2012

Authors: Ze'ev Hochberg

List price: $235.95
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Description:

Bringing together the evolutionary theory of life history and principles from evo-devo, this book analyzes child growth and development in a presentation accessible to evolutionary biologists and clinicians. It shows how transitions between unique life-history phases relate to adaptive responses such as body composition, stature, and differences between male and female development. The book also explores how these transitions can illuminate the sequence and mechanisms of child growth, and serve as diagnostic tools for growth disorders. Researchers and students will find a broad range of theoretical and practical concepts discussed.
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Book details

List price: $235.95
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/28/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 240
Size: 7.20" wide x 10.30" long x 0.71" tall
Weight: 1.320
Language: English

Preface
Introductio
Evolutionary Thinking in Medicine
Evo-Devo
Life-History Theory
Evolutionary Perspective in Child Growth and Maturation
Child Growth and the Environment
Heterochrony and Allometry
Adaptive Plasticity in Life History
Child Growth and the Theory of Life History
Life-History Stages
Transitions Between Life-History Stages
Developmental Plasticity and Adaptation
Cultural Adaptation To the Environment
Adaptive Plasticity of Attachment Behaviors
Note by George Chrousos on Stress in Early Life: A Developmental and Evolutionary Perspective
Stress Concepts
Stress Mechanisms
Pathological Effects of Stress
Note by Stefan Bornstein and Andreas Androutsellis-Theotokis on Endogenous Stem Cells as Components of Plasticity and Adaptation
The Adult Mammalian Brain: Plastic or Rigid?
Hidden Plasticity Potential in the Brain
Neurogenic Cell vs. Neural Stem Cell
Does the Role of Neural Stem Cells Change from the Developing Age to the Adult?
The Disconnect Between Neurogenesis and the Presence of Neural Stem Cells
Fetal vs. Adult Neural Stem Cells
Signal Transduction of Stem Cell Regulation
Beyond the Nervous System
Conclusions
Fetal Growth
Endocrine and Metabolic Control of Fetal Growth
The Role of the Placenta
Developmental Origins of Health and Adult Disease (DOHaD)
Imprinted Genes and Intrauterine Growth
Note by Alan Templeton on the Evolutionary Connection Between Senescence and Childhood Growth and Development
An Evolutionary Theory of Aging
Thrifty Genotypes and Antagonistic Pleiotropy
Thrifty Genotypes and Heart Disease
Why We Grow Old: The Answer
Infancy
The Reproductive Dilemma
The Obstetrical Dilemma
Growth of the Infant
Endocrine Aspects of Infantile Growth
Infancy-Childhood Transition: Determination of Adult Stature
Weaning from Breast-Feeding
Childhood
The Weanling's Dilemma
The Grandmother Theory
Growth of the Child
Endocrine Aspects of Childhood Growth
Juvenility
The Social/Cognitive Definition of Juvenility
Paleoanthropological Juvenility and Teeth Eruption
Adrenarche
Juvenile Body Composition
Growth of the Juvenile
Trade-Offs for the Timing of Transition to Juvenility
Precocious Juvenility
The Pygmy Paradigm for Precocious Juvenility
Evolutionary Perspective in Precocious Juvenility
Adolescence
Human Evolution of Adolescence
Transition from Juvenility to Adolescence
Pubertal Growth
Youth
Evolutionary Strategies for Body Size
The Little People of Flores
Lessons from the Great Apes
The Handicap Theory
Sexual Dimorphism
The Role of Sex Steroids
Energy Considerations
Endocrine Control of Energy Expenditure
Weaning and Growth in a Malnourished Environment
Stage Transitions: Trade-Offs and Adaptive Phenotypic Plasticity
Transgenerational Influences in Life-Stage Transition
Epigenetics and Life-History Stage Transitions
Note by Ken Ong on Population Genetics and Child Growth and Maturation
Genetic Adaptation
The Genetic Epidemiology of Child Growth and Maturation
Basic Principles and Heritability Estimates from Twin Studies
More Complex Heritability Models
Heritability Is Dependent Upon the Setting
Essential Genes for Childhood Growth and Maturation
Common Genetic Variants for Childhood Growth and Maturation
GWAS Findings Lead to New Biology
GWAS Findings Lead to New Phenotypic Understanding
Genetic Adaptations for Childhood Growth and Maturation
Conclusions
Note by Moshe Szyf on the DNA Methylation Pattern as a Molecular Link Between Early Childhood and Adult Health
Introduction
DNA Methylation Patterns and Their Roles in Cellular Differentiation and Gene Expression
DNA Methylation as a Genome Adaptation Mechanism
Epigenetic Programming by the Early Life Social Environment
Genome and System-Wide Impact of Early Life Adversity
Prospective and Summary
Life History Theory in Understanding Growth Disorders
Down Syndrome
Noonan's Syndrome
Silver-Russell Syndrome
Additional Cases
When the Packages Disintegrate
Concluding Remarks
References
Index