Gender and Culture in Psychology Theories and Practices

ISBN-10: 110764951X

ISBN-13: 9781107649514

Edition: 2012

Authors: Eva Magnusson, Jeanne Marecek

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This title provides an introduction to psychology of gender that anchors psychological life and personal meaning in social interchanges, language, societal structures and culture.
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Book details

List price: $40.99
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/2/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 238
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.836

Eva Magnusson is Professor of Psychology and Gender Studies at the University of Ume#229;, Sweden. She is also affiliated with, and teaches at, the Centre for Gender Studies at the University of Ume#229; (and is a past chair of the Centre).

Jeanne Marecek is William R. Kenan Professor Emerita of Psychology at Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, USA, where she also has been a member of the Program on Gender and Sexuality Studies and the Asian Studies Program.

Preface
Gender and culture in psychology: a prologue
The roots of the new psychological scholarship on gender and culture
Gender and culture in psychology: three kinds of issues
Aims of the book
A road map for reading
Categories and social categorization
Sex categories and gender categories
Ethnic groups, "races," and racialization
From ethnicity to racialization: the invidious uses of "nice" words
Social class
Sexuality and sexualities
Heteronormativity
Wlio defines heterosexual sexuality?
Intersectionality: the interrelationship of social categories
Laying the foundation
Culture and human psychology
Defining culture
People as meaning-makers
Ordinariness, deviations, and narrative
Cultural psychology
Who holds the power over meanings?
Dimensions of power
Power and knowledge
Knowledge as social artifact
Constructionism in psychology
Making language an object of study
The historical and cultural specificity of knowledge
Theories of gender in psychology: an overview
Setting the stage
The power of situations
Toward a cultural psychology of gender
Femininity and masculinity
Gendered identities: mastery, appropriation, and change
Power, gender, and psychology
Asymmetries, differences, and thinking from the outside
Thinking intersectionally about psychological gender and identity
Language and gender
A turn to interpretation
What does "interpretation" mean in research?
The history of interpretative research
Meaning-making always takes place in a social context
Individual meaning-making is always situated in cultural systems
Researchers' knowledge is always perspectival
A focus on reasons and interpretations
Where and how do interpretative researchers look for knowledge?
Doing interpretative psychological research
The landscape of interpretative research
Interviews and interviewing in interpretative research
Narratives, rich talk, and interview guides
Creating a good interview situation
How to ask questions in interviews
Historical truth and narrative truth in interviews
Refining the questions and topics as you go
The participants in interpretative research
The grounds for selecting participants
Selecting and engaging participants
Listening, reading, and analyzing
Analyses, rereading, and searching for patterns
The ethics of interpretative research
Reflexivity in research
Personal reflexivity
Methodological, procedural, and epistemological reflexivity
Reflexivity in interaction
Trustworthiness and generalizability in interpretative projects
Generalizing beyond a research project
Discursive approaches to studying gender and culture
Discourse and discourses in psychology
Discourse and psychology
Discourses and psychology
What is discursive psychology?
Thinking and talking
Critical discursive psychology
Feminism, discursive psychology, and sex differences
Language, action orientation, and meaning
Personal order and the "stickiness of identity"
Doing discursive research: some analytical tools
Ideological dilemmas
Interpretative repertoires
Subject positions
Subjectification, self-regulation, and productive power
Identity practices: constructing one's individual psychology
Accountability management
From theories and methods to research illustrations
Gender and culture in children's identity development
Thinking about children's development in gendered and culture-specific contexts
Girls making themselves into teenagers in multiethnic Oslo
From little girl to teenager: heterosexuality as normative development
Framed by heteronormativity
"Popular girls"
"Ordinary girls"
The invisible dominant heteronormativity and ethnification
The later teenage years: bodily practices and normative heterosexuality
Making oneself into a "bigger" boy or a young man
Finally: young women, young men, and heterosexuality
Identity and inequality in heterosexual couples
Heterosexual family life and individual identity projects
Studying couples' narratives about equality and everyday life
Themes of equality and inequality in Nordic couples' talk
Parenthood, fatherhood, and motherhood
Internal limits and boundaries in modern heterosexual couples
The different meanings of gender
Taking stock: what can interpretative research tell us about identity and power in heterosexual couples?
Coercion, violence, and consent in heterosexual encounters
From technologies of heterosexual coercion to the cultural scaffolding of rape
Studying technologies of heterosexual coercion and their psychological effects
The tyranny of "normal" heterosexuality
Is it possible to say no?
What happens if the woman refuses?
Men as "needing" sex and women as nurturant - or pragmatic?
Discourses of male (hetero) sexuality and the cultural scaffolding of rape
From cultural scaffolding to individual psychology
The sexual revolution and modern women's heterosexuality
From complementary heterosexuality to complementary femininity and masculinity
Conclusions from interpretative research about heterosexual coercion
Women's eating problems and the cultural meanings of body size
Eating problems: setting the stage
Feminist approaches to women's eating problems
Interpretative research on eating problems: some examples
Probing the relational context of white women's eating problems
Looking beyond white, middle-class women
"Body aesthetics" or "body ethics"?
Stepping back: what can interpretative research uncover about women's body projects?
Psychological suffering in social and cultural context
Psychiatric diagnosis
Diagnostic category systems
The power of social and cultural contexts
Taking the long view
Conclusion
Feminism and gender in psychotherapy
Feminist protests against psychotherapy and psychiatry
Feminists as theorists and practitioners of psychotherapy
Gender, power, and ethics in psychotherapeutic relations
Power on the inside
Shifting the role of the therapist
The outside of therapy: an ethics of resistance
Discourses in the mirrored room: productive power in therapy
Conclusion
Comparing women and men: a retrospective on sex-difference research
"Differences" in the history of gender in psychology
Early evolutionary theory
The early women's movement
Early psychology and difference thinking
Contemporary psychological research on differences between women and men
Are there psychological differences between women and men, and boys and girls?
Results of research on psychological differences between women and men
Cognitive sex differences or similarities: the case of science and mathematics
Critical opinions of sex-difference research
Falsely inflated claims of difference incur serious costs to both individuals and society
Other difference-producing mechanisms are confounded with sex category
Focusing on individual differences draws attention away from group inequalities
A finding of a male-female difference has no meaning in and of itself
The risk of disregarding variations among women and variations among men
Biological explanations and scientific reductionism
Psychology's place in society, and society's place in psychology
Disciplinary reflexivity
Scrutinizing one's own discipline
Feminist disciplinary reflexivity close-up
Being a critical psychologist: psychology and social justice issues
The future of gender and culture in psychology
References
Index
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