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Multiple Target Tracking with Radar Applications

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ISBN-10: 0890061793

ISBN-13: 9780890061794

Edition: 1986

Authors: Samuel S. Blackman

List price: $179.00
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Book details

List price: $179.00
Copyright year: 1986
Publisher: Artech House, Incorporated
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 449
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

Samuel S. Blackman has over 35 years experience working in tracking system design.

Preface
The Basics of Multiple-Target Tracking
Introduction
Basic Processing Definitions
Elements of a Basic MTT System
Overview of Data Association Issues
Suggested Further Background Reading
References
Methods for Filtering and Prediction
Introduction
Fixed-Coefficient Filtering
Kalman Filtering
Approximations and Simplifications of Kalman Filtering
Maneuver Detection and Adaptive Filtering
Summary and Conclusions
References
Relationship between Equivalent Noise Bandwidth and Acceleration Error Constant
Choice of Tracking Coordinate System and Filtering State Variables
Introduction
Solution of the Continuous Linear State Equation
North-East-Down (NED) Coordinate System
Tracking in Cartesian Coordinates
Polar Coordinate Systems
A Comparative Study of Angle Filtering Methods
Tracking with Angle-Only Measurements
Summary
References
Tracking Filter Development
Use of Range Rate for NED Velocity Component Estimation
Gating and Data Association
Introduction
Gating Techniques
The Assignment Problem
Simple Branching or Track Splitting
Methods for State Estimation and Covariance Modification to Account for Miscorrelation
Summary
References
Summary of Correlation Statistics
Measurement Formation and Processing for Multiple-Target Tracking
Introduction
Overview of Feedback between Tracking and Detection Functions
Adaptive Thresholding for Enhanced Detection and Tracking Performance
Measurement Processing for a Clutter Background
Observation Redundancy Elimination
Methods for Determining Target Multiplicity (Range/Range Rate Resolution)
Target Multiplicity Detection through Monopulse Angle Processing
Measurement Degradation due to Jet Engine Modulation and Electronic Countermeasures
Summary
References
Derivation of Optimal Threshold Setting
Derivations for Target Multiplicity Detection Method
Definitions of Track Life Stages (Track Initiation, Confirmation, Deletion, and Quality)
Introduction
Track Confirmation Using Sequential Analysis
Bayesian Track Confirmation
Batch Processing Techniques for Track Initiation and Confirmation
Indicators of Track Quality (Score)
Track Deletion
Summary
References
Approximate Distribution for a Weighted Sum of Chi-Square Variables
Score Associated with Clutter Point Designation
Analytic Techniques For System Evaluation
Introduction
Covariance Analysis
Techniques for Estimating Correlation Performance
Track Confirmation and Retention Statistics Using Markov Chain Techniques
Extensions of Markov Chain Techniques
Summary
References
Design Of A Detailed Multiple-Target Tracking Simulation
Introduction
Generation and Use of Random Numbers
Modeling the Radar Detection Process
Monte Carlo Simulation Design and Interpretation of Results
Selection of Evaluation Statistics
Simulation Development
References
A General Technique for Generating Random Numbers
Derivation of the Correlation Properties of an Exponentially Distributed Random Variable
A Maximum Likelihood Expression For Data Association
Introduction
Generalized Technique Development
Applications
Development of a Sequential Correlation Technique
Extension to Multiple Observation-to-Track Correlations
Summary
References
The Bayesian Probabilistic Approach
Introduction
Multiple Hypothesis Tracking
The All-Neighbors Data Association Approach (PDA, JPDA)
Concluding Remarks
References
Group Tracking
Introduction
Centroid Group Tracking
Formation Group Tracking
Summary and Extensions
References
Processing for the Centroid Group Tracking Method
Applications Of The Radar Electronically Scanned Antenna To Multiple-Target Tracking
Introduction
Enhancing Radar Detection with the ESA
Adaptive Sampling with the ESA
ESA Techniques for Improving Nearest-Neighbor Correlation Performance
Implementation of Multiple-Target Tracking Logic for an ESA System
Summary
References
The Use Of Multiple Sensors For Multiple-Target Tracking
Introduction
Sensor-Level and Central-Level Multiple Sensor Fusion
Implementation of Sensor-Level Tracking
Fusion and Correlation for Data Including Attributes
The Dempster-Shafer (Evidential Reasoning) Method
Sensor Allocation
Summary
References
Track Fusion Relationships
Special Topics
Introduction
A Solution for the Optimal Assignment Problem
An Implementation Method for Multiple Hypothesis Tracking
MTT Implementation in Dense Target Environments
A Total System Architecture Including Multiple-Target Tracking
References
Glossary
Index