Animal Behavior An Evolutionary Approach

ISBN-10: 0878930051

ISBN-13: 9780878930050

Edition: 8th 2005

Authors: John Alcock

List price: $94.95
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This edition maintains the organizational structure of previous editions, but has been rewritten with coverage of much recent work in animal behaviour, resulting in a thoroughly up-to-date text. Discussion questions are embedded into the text, rather that appended to the end of each chapter.
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Book details

List price: $94.95
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/1/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 564
Size: 9.00" wide x 10.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.784
Language: English

An Evolutionary Approach To Animal Behavior
Questions about Behavior
How Questions about Proximate Causes
Why Questions about Ultimate Causes
Answering Proximate and Ultimate Questions about Behavior
Beewolves and Homing Behavior
Gulls and Eggshell Removal
Darwinian Theory and Ultimate Hypotheses
Darwinian Logic and the Study of Behavior
The Problem with Group Selection
Testing Alternative Hypotheses
Certainty and Science
Proximate and Ultimate Causes of Behavior: How and Why Birds Sing
Different Songs: Proximate Causes
Social Experience and Song Development
The Avian Song Control System
The Development of the Song Control System
Song Differences Between the Sexes
Avoiding a Misunderstanding
Different Songs: Ultimate Causes
The Adaptationist Approach
Why Do Only Males Sing?
Natural Selection and Dialects
Proximate and Ultimate Causes Are Complementary
The Development of Behavior: A Focus on Heredity
The Genetics of Behavior
Genetic Differences and Human Behavior
Genetic Differences and IQ Differences
How Many Genetic Differences Are Needed to Produce a Behavioral Difference?
The Evolution of Behavior
Different Selection Pressures, Different Genes, Different Behaviors
The Development of Behavior: A Focus on the Environment
The Interactive Theory of Development: Hormones and Behavior
When to Become a Forager in a Honey Bee Colony
When to Become a Territorial Male
Experience and Behavioral Development
Early Experience and Recognition of Relatives
Learning as Behavioral Development
Evolution and Behavioral Development
The Adaptive Value of Developmental Flexibility
Sex Differences in Spatial Learning Ability
The Evolution of Associative Learning
The Evolution of Developmental Homeostasis
The Adaptive Value of Developmental Homeostasis
The Control of Behavior: Neural Mechanisms
How Neurons Control Behavior
Sensory Receptors and Survival
Relaying and Responding to Sensory Input
Central Pattern Generators
The Song of the Midshipman Fish
The Proximate Basis of Stimulus Filtering
Stimulus Filtering by Auditory Receptors
Stimulus Filtering in the Tactile Mode
Adaptive Proximate Mechanisms of Behavior
Adaptive Mechanisms of Navigation
An Olfactory Map
The Organization of Behavior: Neurons and Hormones
How Neural Command Centers Organize Behavior
Clock Mechanisms and Behavioral Schedules
How Do Circadian Mechanisms Work?
Long-Term Cycles of Behavior
The Physical Environment Influences Long-Term Cycles
Changing Priorities in Changing Social Environments
The Effects of Copulation in the Green Anole
Hormones Help Organize Social Behavior
Adaptation and Antipredator Behavior
The Meaning of Adaptation
The Comparative Method for Testing Adaptationist Hypotheses
The Importance of Divergent Evolution
The Importance of Convergent Evolution
The Diversity of Antipredator Adaptations
The Value of Body "Decorations"
The Value of Warning Behavior
How To Stop a Pursuer
The Value of Vigilance
The Dilution Effect and the Selfish Herd
Fighting Back
A Tactic of Last Resort?
The Evolution of Feeding Behavior
Locating Food
The Origins of Prey-Locating Mechanisms
Getting Help from Companions
The History of Honey Bee Dances
The Adaptive Value of Honey Bee Dances
The Information Center Hypothesis
Locating Prey by Deceit
Selecting What to Eat
How to Choose an Optimal Clam
How to Choose an Optimal Mussel
Criticisms of Optimality Theory
The Evolution of Alternative Diets
Consuming What You Select to Eat
How to Open a Whelk
Why Do Humans Consume Alcohol, Spices, and Dirt?
Choosing Where to Live
Habitat Selection
Habitat Preferences in a Territorial Species
Dispersing from One Place to Another
The Costs of Migration
The Benefits of Migration
Migration as a Conditional Tactic
Territoriality and Calories
Territorial Puzzles
Why Do Territory Holders Almost Always Win?
The Evolution of Communication
The Origins and Adaptive Value of a Signal
Cumulative Selection and Multiple Changes
The Adaptive Value of Past Changes
Current Adaptive Value
The History of a Signal-Receiving Mechanism
The History of Insect Wings
Sensory Exploitation of Signal Receivers by Signalers
Sensory Preferences May Precede the Evolution of a Signal
The Panda Principle
The Adaptationist Approach to Communication Systems
Why Do Baby Birds Beg So Noisily for Food?
Illegitimate Receivers
Adaptive Signal Receiving
Receivers May Require Honest Signals
Why Does Deception Occur?
The Evolution of Reproductive Behavior
The Evolution of Differences in Sex Roles
Testing the Evolutionary Theory of Sex Differences
Sexual Selection and Competition for Mates
Social Dominance and Male Fitness
Alternative Mating Tactics
A Conditional Strategy with Alternative Mating Tactics
Three Distinct Strategies: Three Mating Tactics
Sexual Selection and Sperm Competition
Mate Guarding
Sexual Selection and Mate Choice
Female Mate Choice without Material Benefits
Testing the Healthy Mate, Good Genes, and Runaway Selection Theories
Sexual Conflict between Males and Females
The Evolution of Mating Systems
Is Monogamy Adaptive?
Monogamy in Mammals
Monogamy in Birds
Extra-Pair Copulations: The Male Perspective
Extra-Pair Copulations: The Female Perspective
Polyandry without Polygyny
Female Defense Polygyny: The Female Perspective
Resource Defense Polygyny
Resource Defense Polygyny: The Female Perspective
Scramble Competition Polygyny
Lek Polygyny
Why Do Males Aggregate in Leks?
Why Do Many Females Mate with the Same Males at Leks?
The Evolution of Parental Care
Why Is Parental Care More Often Maternal than Paternal?
Exceptions to the Rule
Why Do Male Water Bugs Do All the Work?
Discriminating Parental Care
Offspring Recognition: Comparative Studies
Why Adopt Genetic Strangers?
The History of Interspecific Brood Parasitism
Why Accept a Parasite's Egg?
Can Adoption Benefit Foster Parents?
The Evolution of Parental Favoritism
The Evolution of Social Behavior
The Benefits and Costs of Social Life
The Evolution of Helpful Behavior
Reciprocal Altruism or Personal Gain?
Altruism and Indirect Selection
The Alarm Call of Belding's Ground Squirrel
The Concept of Inclusive Fitness
Inclusive Fitness and Helpers at the Nest
Insect Helpers at the Nest
The Evolution of Eusocial Behavior
Testing the Haplodiploid Hypothesis
Very Close Relatedness Is Not Essential for Eusociality to Evolve
The Ecology of Eusociality
The Evolution of Human Behavior
The Adaptationist Approach to Human Behavior
The Sociobiology Controversy
Evolution and the Diversity of Human Cultures
Sociobiology versus Arbitrary Culture Theory
Adaptive Mating Decisions
Adaptive Mate Choice by Women
Adaptive Mate Choice by Men
Conflict between the Sexes
Coercive Sex
Adaptive Parental Care
Helping Children Marry
Illustration Credits
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