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Social Work Research and Evaluation Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

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ISBN-10: 0875814409

ISBN-13: 9780875814407

Edition: 6th 2000 (Revised)

Authors: Richard M. Grinnell

List price: $196.95
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Description:

This widely adopted text is designed to give students the basic methodological foundation they need in order to successfully complete more advanced research courses that focus on single-system designs or program evaluations. Content is clearly explained and illustrated with social work examples that students can understand. Many of the examples concern women and minorities, and special emphasis is given to the application of research methods to the study of these groups.
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Book details

List price: $196.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 1/1/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 578
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

The Contexts of Knowledge Generation
Introduction to Research
How Do We Obtain Our Knowledge Base?
Definition of Research
The Social Worker's Roles in Research
Summary
Science, Society, and Research
Reasoning About the Social World
Questions and Answers About the Social World
Errors in Reasoning
The Research Approach
Motives for Doing Research
Types of Research Studies
Examples of Research Studies
Strengths and Limitations of the Research Method
Validity: The Research Method's Goal
Summary
Research Contexts
Factors Affecting Social Work Research
Summary
Research Ethics
Enforcing Ethical Practices
NASW Research Guidelines
Summary
Problem Formulation and Research Approaches
Formulating Research Questions
Researchable (Empirical) and Nonempirical Questions
Characteristics of Useful Questions
Sociocultural Origins of Research Questions
Question Formulation for Student Projects
Summary
Research Approaches
Philosophical Differences
Similar Features
The Quantitative Research Approach
The Qualitative Research Approach
Using Both Approaches in One Study
Summary
Utilization of Research Approaches
Epistemological Origins
Patterns of Utilization
Critiques of Quantitative Approaches
Myths Surrounding the Research Approaches
Utilization Guidelines
Summary
Measurement in Social Work Research
Measuring Variables
Definition and Functions of Measurement
Measurement Validity and Reliability
Validity of Measuring Instruments
Reliability of Measuring Instruments
The Validity-Reliability Relationship
Sources of Measurement Error
Summary
Measuring Instruments
Advantages of Standardized Measuring Instruments
Validity of Standardized Instruments
Construction of Standardized Instruments
Types of Standardized Instrument
Selection of a Standardized Instrument
Nonstandardized Measuring Instruments
Summary
Designing Measuring Instruments
Social Workers' Use of Survey Research
Validity Factors in Instrument Design
Open- and Closed-Ended Questions
Instrument Construction and Appearance
Evaluating and Pretesting the Instrument
Summary
The Logic of Research Design
Sampling
Sampling Theory
Probability Sampling
Nonprobability Sampling
Sample Size and Errors
Summary
Group Research Designs
Characteristics of "Ideal" Experiments
Internal and External Validity
Group Research Designs
Summary
Case Research Designs
The Case
The Case Study
Case Studies and the Three Components of Practice
Considerations When Doing Case Studies
Summary
Data Collection Methods
Participant Observation
Definition
Roles
Needed Strategies and Skills
Steps in Doing Participant Observation
Ethical Considerations
Summary
Survey Research
Survey Research Designs
Approaches to Data Collection for Surveys
Face-to-Face Interviews
Self-Administered Surveys: Group-Administered Questionnaires
Self-Administered Surveys: Mail Surveys
Telephone Surveys
Computerized Data Collection in Surveys
Emerging Data Collection Approaches
Summary
Secondary Analysis
Secondary Analysis: Past and Present
Types of Secondary Data
Locating Secondary Data Sets
Example: The Welfare State and Women's Employment
Steps in Secondary Analyses
Advantages and Disadvantages
Summary
Utilizing Existing Statistics
Locating Sources of Existing Statistics
Advantages and Disadvantages
Steps in Analyzing Existing Statistics
Summary
Content Analysis
Characteristics of Content Analyses
Steps in Doing a Content Analysis
Uses in Social Work Research
Advantages and Disadvantages
Summary
Selecting a Data Collection Method and Data Source
Data Collection Methods and Data Sources
Data Collection and the Research Process
Criteria for Selecting a Data Collection Method
Selection of a Data Collection Method
Trying Out the Selected Data Collection Method
Implementation and Evaluation
Summary
Writing and Evaluating Proposals and Reports
Writing Research Proposals
Characteristics of Research Proposals
Components of Proposals
Summary
Writing Research Reports
Research Reports for Professional Journals
Summaries and Longer Reports
Publication and Dissemination
Summary
Evaluating Research Reports
The Framework for Evaluation
Problem Criteria
Method Criteria
Findings Criteria
Discussion Criteria
Utilization Conclusions Criteria
Rating the Criteria
Summary
From Research to Evaluation
Single-System Designs
Concepts in Research Designs
Purpose of Single-System Designs
Requirements for Single-System Designs
Single-System Evaluative Designs
Single-System Experimental Designs
Summary
Program-Level Evaluation
Quality Improvement and the Delivery of Services
Myths About Quality Improvement and Evaluation
Why Should We Do Evaluations?
Five Types of Evaluations That Help Improve Client Services
Internal and External Evaluators
Scope of Evaluations
Two Approaches to Quality Improvement
Summary
Evaluation in Action
Principles Underlying the Design of Evaluations
Stakeholders
Case and Program Decision Making
The Monitoring Approach to Evaluation
Ethical Considerations
Evaluation in Action
Summary
Glossary
References and Further Readings
Credits
Index