Evolving Presidency Landmark Documents, 1787-2008

ISBN-10: 0872896080

ISBN-13: 9780872896086

Edition: 3rd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Michael Nelson

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This fascinating collection of 50 primary source documents offers a compact yet broad-based look at the development of the executive office. Judicious editing and contextual headnotes give students a look at the personalities and ideas that have shaped the institution, as well as insight into significant cases and events that have played pivotal roles in American political history. Based on extensive feedback from users, the third edition includes new selections that feature both historical and recent piecesfrom FDRs court-packing speech to Hamdan v. Rumsfeld casedramatically showing students how presidents chart U.S. history.
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Book details

List price: $38.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: CQ Press
Publication date: 12/28/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 312
Size: 0.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.98" tall
Weight: 0.968
Language: English

Michael Nelson is the Fulmer Professor of Political Science at Rhodes College and a Senior Fellow of the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. His recent books include: The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-2011, 6th Ed., The Presidency and the Political System, 9th Ed., and The Evolving Presidency: Landmark Documents, 1787-2010, 4th Ed, and Debating Reform: Conflicting Perspectives on How to Fix the American Political System, 2nd Ed. More than fifty of his articles have been reprinted in anthologies of political science, history, music, and English composition, including articles on subjects as varied as baseball, C. S. Lewis, and Frank Sinatra.

Preface: A User's Guide to The Evolving Presidency
The Constitution (1787)
The presidency, the main innovation of the Constitutional Convention, is created and its structure and powers outlined
Letters of Cato, Nos. 4 and 5 (1787)
An Anti-Federalist opponent of the proposed Constitution warns against the dangers of presidential power
The Federalist Papers, Nos. 69-73 (1788)
A Federalist supporter of the proposed Constitution defends the republican character of the presidency as an energetic office
George Washington's First Inaugural Address (1789)
Washington establishes the model for inaugural addresses
James Madison's Defense of the President's Removal Power (1789)
Madison persuades Congress that the president should be chief executive of the bureaucracy
The Pacificus-Helvidius Letters (1793)
Alexander Hamilton and James Madison debate the extent of the president's constitutional power in foreign affairs
George Washington's Farewell Address (1796)
Washington marks his retirement from the presidency and looks ahead to the future of the nation
Thomas Jefferson's First Inaugural Address (1801)
The first peaceful transfer of power from one party to another
Thomas Jefferson's Letter to the Vermont Legislature (1807)
Jefferson establishes the two-term tradition for presidents
The Monroe Doctrine (1823)
An early assertion of presidential power in foreign policy-making at a time when the presidency was otherwise weak
The Tennessee General Assembly's Protest against the Caucus System (1823)
The stage is set for the demise of the congressional caucus-centered presidential nominating process
Andrew Jackson's First Message to Congress (1829)
The first outsider president grounds his authority in "the will of the majority"
Andrew Jackson's Veto of the Bank Bill (1832)
Jackson activates the veto as a strong and effective power of the presidency
Abraham Lincoln's Letter to Albert G. Hodges (1864)
Lincoln defends his use of prerogative power during the Civil War
The Gettysburg Address (1863)
Lincoln, in an effort to give meaning to the war, invokes the Declaration of Independence's promise of equality and self-government
Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (1865)
Lincoln invokes God's judgment on both sides in the Civil War as the basis for seeking national reconciliation
Ex Parte Milligan (1866)
The Supreme Court proves more willing to curb presidential power after a war than during one
Articles of Impeachment against Andrew Johnson (1868)
The first president to be impeached is charged with abusing the removal power and defaming Congress through intemperate rhetoric
The Pendleton Act (1883)
In the wake of a presidential assassination, Congress acts to replace the spoils system with a merit-based civil service
Theodore Roosevelt's and William Howard Taft's Theories of Presidential Power (1913, 1916)
The classic debate on the proper scope of presidential power and leadership
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points (1918)
Wilson attempts to endow the Allied victory in World War I with a moral purpose
The Teapot Dome Resolution (1924)
The nexus between congressional investigation and presidential scandal is forged
Myers v. United States (1926)
The Supreme Court broadly interprets the president's constitutional power to remove executive branch officials
Franklin D. Roosevelt's First Inaugural Address (1933)
FDR reassures a desperate nation and asks Congress for "broad executive power to wage war against the emergency" of economic depression
Humphrey's Executor v. United States (1935)
The Supreme Court restricts the president's removal power
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936)
The Supreme Court declares that the president is the nation's "sole organ in the field of international relations"
Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Court-Packing" Address (1937)
FDR overreaches by attacking the Supreme Court and, in the process, sparks the creation of the "conservative coalition" in Congress
Report of the Brownlaw Committee (1937)
The origins of the modern White House staff
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)
Justice Black's opinion of the Court and Justice Jackson's concurring opinion take different approaches to restraining presidential power
Dwight D. Eisenhower's Little Rock Executive Order (1957)
Eisenhower uses the president's "executive" and "take care" powers to enforce the integration of an Arkansas high school
John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address (1961)
The Young president calls on the nation to "support any friend, oppose any foe" in the cold war
The Cuban Missile Crisis: John F. Kennedy's Letter to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev (1962)
Crisis decision-making resolves the most dangerous international confrontation in history
John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights Address (1963)
In an effort to satisfy national and international concerns for racial justice, Kennedy urges the enactment of major civil rights legislation
Lyndon B. Johnson's "Great Society" Speech (1964)
Johnson rouses public support for his ambitious domestic agenda
Lyndon B. Johnson's Gulf of Tonkin Message (1964)
Congress writes a blank check to the president to wage war in Vietnam
Richard Nixon's China Trip Announcement (1971)
The ultimate anticommunist uses secret diplomacy to open a relationship with the People's Republic of China
The McGovern-Fraser Commission Report (1971)
The modern presidential nominating process takes shape
The War Powers Resolution (1973)
Congress tries to reclaim the war power from the president
Proposed Articles of Impeachment against Richard Nixon (1974)
The Watergate crisis brings down the president and his closest advisers
United States v. Nixon (1974)
The Supreme Court acknowledges but limits executive privilege
Gerald R. Ford's Pardon of Richard Nixon (1974)
Ford jeopardizes his political standing by exercising the president's only unchecked constitutional power on behalf of his predecessor
Jimmy Carter's "Crisis of Confidence" Speech (1979)
A president elected by praising the people blames them for the problems of his administration
Ronald Reagan's First Inaugural Address (1981)
In a new-style inaugural address, Reagan ushers in an era by declaring that "government is not the solution to our problem" government is the problem"
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983)
The Supreme Court strikes down the legislative veto
George Bush's Persian Gulf War Address (1991)
Bush's greatest triumph foreshadows his worst defeat
Bill Clinton's Third State of the Union Address (1996)
Clinton advocates an approach to governing that rises above traditional liberalism and conservatism
Clinton v. City of New York (1998)
The Supreme Court declares the line-item veto unconstitutional
Articles of Impeachment against Bill Clinton (1998)
Clinton is impeached by the House and acquitted by the Senate for actions stemming from his sexual relationship with a White House intern
Speeches by Al Gore and George W. Bush Ending the 2000 Election Controversy (2000)
The closing chapter to one of the closest and most controversial presidential elections in history
George W. Bush's War on Terrorism Address (2001)
In response to September 11, Bush commits his administration to fighting international terrorism
The Bush Doctrine (2002)
In preparation for war against Iraq, Bush announces a new approach to foreign policy
George W. Bush's Signing Statement for the Defense Supplemental Appropriations Act (2005)
A leading example of Bush employing "unitary executive" theory to extend the boundaries of presidential power
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (2006)
An adverse ruling from the Supreme Court leads Bush to ask Congress for legislation authorizing military tribunals to try suspected nonuniformed enemy combatants in the war on terrorism
Topical Guide to the Documents
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