War Against Jugurtha

ISBN-10: 0856686387

ISBN-13: 9780856686382

Edition: 1997

Authors: Sallust, Michael Comber, Catalina Balmaceda

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The Roman historian C. Sallustius Crispus, better known as Sallust, decided to write about the war against the Numidian king Jugurtha, 'because it was a long and cruel struggle in which fortune swung from side to side; and secondly, because it was then for the first time that a stand was taken against the arrogance of the nobles'. For Sallust, the Jugurthine War clearly revealed the problems of the Republic at that time. The fact that a man such as Jugurtha could rise to power by buying Roman military and civil officials reflected a moral crisis in Roman politics. Sallust's account of the nobles' tactics in conducting the war, the rise of the homo novus, Marius, and the beginnings of Sulla's career are particularly effective at showing how Romans sought individual power and advantages often at the expense of the state. Sallust is determined to illustrate decay, and with a successful choice of words and phrases he will achieve not only a powerful exposition of the nature and propagation of political decline, but also the congruence between the sickly condition of the state and the mores of its citizens. Sallust is the creator of a particular manner of writing history. His style has attracted attention and discussion both in ancient times and nowadays because it shows itself at the same time as archaic and innovatory, abrupt and artistic. The translation of this new edition seeks to be faithful to that characteristic Sallustian style and the commentary aims to be useful not only to specialists, but also to readers who know little or no Latin. The introduction deals with Sallust's life and career as a historian, the Jugurthine war itself, and also with the important Sallustian topic of virtus and the development of the ideology of the 'new man'.
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Book details

List price: $35.00
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Publication date: 12/16/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 290
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.880

Roman historian and politician [Gaius Sallustius Crispus], known as Sallust, was a tribune of the people and a praetor. In 50 b.c., after being expelled from the Senate supposedly for adultery, he showed his support for Julius Caesar by participating in his African campaign and by serving as his governor in Numidia (modern-day Algeria). Charged with extortion upon his return to Rome, he retreated from public life and retired to literary pursuits. His first work, Catilina (43--42 b.c.), recounts the suppression of Catiline's conspiracy to seize power. His next work, Jugurtha (41--40 b.c.), focuses on the frailties of the Roman aristocracy during the war against the Numidian king Jugurtha. Sallust's Histories---his last work---devoted to the history of Rome, survives only in fragments and probably covers the period from 78 to 67 b.c. In his literary pursuits, which tend to be inaccurate and strongly biased, Sallust distinguished himself more for his terse and direct style than for substance.

Sallust's life and career
Sallust as historian
The works of Sallust
Influences and style
The Bellum Iugurthinum
The history of the war
Structure of the work
The characters in the BJ
Nobility and New Men
Sallust's theory of virtus
Conclusions: what Sallust thought he was doing
A note on the text
A note on the translation
Chronological chart
Genealogical tables
Text and Translation
Index of names and places
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