Who Gets a Childhood? Race and Juvenile Justice in Twentieth-Century Texas

ISBN-10: 0820337196

ISBN-13: 9780820337197

Edition: 2010

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Using Texas as a case study for understanding change in the American juvenile justice system over the past century, William S. Bush tells the story of three cycles of scandal, reform, and retrenchment, each of which played out in ways that tended to extend the privileges of a protected childhood to white middle- and upper-class youth, while denying those protections to blacks, Latinos, and poor whites. On the forefront of both progressive and "get tough" reform campaigns, Texas has led national policy shifts in the treatment of delinquent youth to a surprising degree. Changes in the legal system have included the development of courts devoted exclusively to young offenders, the expanded legal application of psychological expertise, and the rise of the childrenrs"s rights movement. At the same time, broader cultural ideas about adolescence have also changed. Yet Bush demonstrates that as the notion of the teenager gained currency after World War II, white, middle-class teen criminals were increasingly depicted as suffering from curable emotional disorders even as the rate of incarceration rose sharply for black, Latino, and poor teens. Bush argues that despite the struggles of reformers, child advocates, parents, and youths themselves to make juvenile justice live up to its ideal of offering young people a second chance, the story of twentieth-century juvenile justice in large part boils down to "the exclusion of poor and nonwhite youth from modern categories of childhood and adolescence."
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Book details

Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Publication date: 9/15/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 276
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Bryant Simonis Professor of History and the Director of American Studies at Temple University and the author, most recently, ofBoardwalk Dreams: Atlantic City and the Fate of Urban America.

Introduction. Race, Childhood, and Juvenile Justice History
The Other Lost Generation: Reform and Resistance in the Juvenile Training Schools, 1907-1929
Socializing Delinquency: Child Welfare, Mental Health, and the Critique of Institutions, 1929-1949
Juvenile Rehabilitation and the Color Line: The Training School for Black Delinquent Girls, 1943-1950
James Dean and Jim Crow: The Failure of Reform and the Racialization of Delinquency in the 1950s
"Hard to Reach": The Politics of Delinquency Prevention in Postwar Houston
Circling the Wagons: The Struggle over the Texas Youth Council, 1965-1971
Creating a Right to Treatment: Morales v. Turman, 1971-1988
Epilogue. The New American Dilemma
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