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Judging Addicts Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

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ISBN-10: 0814784070

ISBN-13: 9780814784075

Edition: 2012

Authors: Rebecca Tiger

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Description:

The number of people incarcerated in the U.S. now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25% of people incarcerated in jails and prisons are there for drug offenses.Judging Addictsexamines this increased criminalization of drugs and the medicalization of addiction in the U.S. by focusing on drug courts, where defendants are sent to drug treatment instead of prison. Rebecca Tiger explores how advocates of these courts make their case for what they call “enlightened coercion,” detailing how they use medical theories of addiction to justify increased criminal justice oversight of defendants who, through this process, are defined as both “sick” and “bad.” Tiger shows how these courts fuse punitive and therapeutic approaches to drug use in the name of a “progressive” and “enlightened” approach to addiction. She critiques the medicalization of drug users, showing how the disease designation can complement, rather than contradict, punitive approaches, demonstrating that these courts are neither unprecedented nor unique, and that they contain great potential to expand punitive control over drug users. Tiger argues that the medicalization of addiction has done little to stem the punishment of drug users because of a key conceptual overlap in the medical and punitive approaches—that habitual drug use is a problem that needs to be fixed through sobriety.Judging Addictspresses policymakers to implement humane responses to persistent substance use that remove its control entirely from the criminal justice system and ultimately explores the nature of crime and punishment in the U.S. today.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: New York University Press
Publication date: 12/3/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 208
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.682
Language: English

Rebecca Tiger is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Middlebury College and co-editor of Bioethical Issues, Sociological Perspectives .

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Both Bad and Sick
Criminalizing Deviance: Reconciling the Punitive and Rehabilitative
"The Right Thing to Do for the Right Reasons": The Institutional Context for the Emergence of Drug Courts
"Enlightened Coercion": Making Coercion Work
"Force Is the Best Medicine": Addiction, Recovery, and Coercion
"Now That We Know the Medicine Works": Expanding the Drug Court Model
Conclusion
Appendix
Notes
Bibliography
Index
About the Author