Carolingians A Family Who Forged Europe

ISBN-10: 0812213424

ISBN-13: 9780812213423

Edition: 1993

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Pierre Richeacute; traces the emergence of Europe from the seventh to the early eleventh century, the period that witnessed the rise, fall, and revival of the Carolinian Empire. It was during this time the first contours of a broad new civilization and the first visible signs of European unity are discernable. Until the seventh century Europe was simply a geographic term; as Isidore of Seville defined it, Europe was "the space that extended from the river Don to Spain and the Atlantic." By the ninth century, however, Europe had gradually acquired a collective being with a shared identity. The political, cultural, and spiritual activity of laymen and churchmen had fostered the creation of a common European fold, which stretched from the Atlantic to the Vistula, and the plains of the middle Danube. The transformation was due in large part to the Carolinians, their relations, and their allies, who together became the masters of Gaul and then much of the West. Richeacute; traces the destiny of the Carolingians and the parallel history of Europe, stressing the roles of the leaders who imposed themselves by force, diplomacy, and culture.
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Book details

List price: $27.50
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Publication date: 1/1/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 424
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

Translator's Note
Western Europe in the Seventh Century
The Decline of Byzantine power
The conversion of England
Economic renewal
Gaul under Dagobert
Episcopal power
The papacy
The Rise of the Carolingians (from the Early Seventh to the Mid-Eighth Century)
The Beginnings of the Carolingian Dynasty
Noble families
Arnulf and Pippin I
Rival families
The policies of Dagobert
The Obstacles to Power
The Ambitions of Grimoald
His position
Monastic foundations
The Coup d'Etat of Grimoald and Its Failure
Childebert the Adopted
The Neustrian reaction
The Pippinids Await Their Moment
The reign of Childeric II
Pippin's victory at Terry
The Principate of Pippin II (687-714)
Pippin's Political Program
The Advance into Germanic Lands
Monasteries and Palaces
The "Reign" of Charles Martel
Difficult Beginnings
An independent Neustrian mayor
Charles, victor over the Neustrians
Odo of Aquitaine
Charles and His Methods of Action
The new regime
Secularization of church property
Charles and the Periphery of the Frankish Realm
Boniface in Germany
Pirmin in Alemannia
Charles Martel in Bavaria
Charles in Aquitaine, Provence, and Burgundy
Muslim invasion and the victory at Poitiers
The Call of Rome
The situation of the papacy
Pope Gregory III
The End of the Reign of Charles Martel
Charles Martel and St. Denis
The succession
Pippin and Carloman, Mayors of the Palace (741-751)
Local Revolts and the Consolidation of Power
Reestablishment of the Merovingian Dynasty
The Reform of the Frankish Church
The crisis of the church
The reform councils
Unresolved questions
The abdication of Carloman
Pippin III and Charlemagne, Founders of Carolingian Europe (751-814)
The Reign of Pippin the Great
The Accession of the Carolingian Dynasty
The sources of Pippin's power
The preparations for the coup d'etat
Royal unction
The Birth of the Papal State
The appeal from Stephen II
Pippin in Italy
The Conquest of Aquitaine
The preparations
The conquest
Religious Reform
The death of Boniface
Romanization of the liturgy
The Rule for Canons
The Prestige of Pippin III
Pippin and the west
The organization of the court
Pippin and St. Denis
The Features and Circumstances of Charlemagne's Conquests
The Reign of Two Brothers
The Conditions of Charlemagne's Conquests
Charlemagne's Army
The Stages of Charlemagne's Conquests
The Conquests of Charlemagne
The conquest
Charlemagne in Rome
Charlemagne's successes
The second journey to Rome
Southern Italy
The annexation of Bavaria
The conquest of Saxony
Central and Eastern Europe
Suppression of the Avar menace
Charles and the Slavic world
Europe Beyond the Frontiers
The Celts
The Anglo-Saxons
The Emperor Charlemagne
Prelude to the Coronation
The "new David"
Relations with Byzantium
The accession of Pope Leo III and the "new Constantine"
The Coronation
The ceremony
Interpreting the event
The Greek reaction
Charlemagne: Emperor or Chieftain?
The Political and Administrative Structures of the Empire
Obstacles to the Unity of the Empire
Regional diversity
Linguistic diversity
Juridical diversity
The Regionalization of Power
The subkingdoms
The marches
The partition of 806
Charlemagne, the Frankish Chief
Lifelong habits
The royal domains
Charlemagne and the Frankish nobility
The death of Charlemagne
The Destiny of Carolingian Europe (814-877)
The Reign of Louis the Pious: The Goal of Imperial Unity and Its Failure (814-840)
The Beginning of a Promising Reign
The new emperor
The first reforms
The Ordinatio imperii (817)
The Network of Rival Factions
The reaction of Lothar
Lothar's supporters
The queen's strategy
The Revolt of 830
The campaign of innuendo
The revolt
The reaction
A new partition
The Great Rebellion of 833 and Its Failure
The new coalition
The Field of Lies
The reversal of opinion
The End of the Reign of Louis the Pious
The final partition
Assessing the reign
External threats
The Partition of 843
Prelude and Circumstances
Lothar versus Charles
The alliance of Louis and Charles
The Strasbourg Oaths (842)
Lothar submits
Negotiations (Spring 842-August 843)
The difficulties
Charles's marriage
The Treaty of Verdun and Its Terms
The rationale of the partition
The consequences of the partition
The Empire Disbanded (843-869)
The Defense of the Notion of Unity
Brotherly cooperation
The conference of Yutz (844)
the colloquies at Meersen
new partitions
The defense of unity by the church
Hincmar of Reims
agreement between Louis and Charles
papal intervention
Pope Nicholas I
the divorce of Lothar II
The Kings in Their Kingdoms
Louis II, the first sovereign of Italy
the reformer king
the Italian nobility
relations with the papacy, southern Italy
the Muslim threat
Louis II and Byzantium
Lotharingia and the Kingdom of Provence
The kingdom of Louis the Germany
other regions
partitioning the kingdom
The kingdom of Charles the Bald
Charles and the nobility
the emancipation of the nobility
the complaints of the clergy
family troubles
the Northmen
the rise of the Robertines
Charles the Bald, the Last Great Carolingian Emperor
The Ambitions of Charles the Bald
The king's successes
Marriage to Richildis
The partition of Meersen
Charles the Bald, Emperor (876)
The imperial coronation
The assembly of Ponthion
The End of the Reign of Charles the Bald
Failure in Lotharingia
The appeal of John VIII
The Capitulary of Quierzy
The emperor's demise
The Collapse of Carolingian Europe and the Emergence of Regional Princedoms
The End of the Imperial Ideal (877-888)
Pope John VIII in Search of an Emperor
Louis the Stammerer
The pope in Francia
The succession of Louis the Stammerer
The rebellion of Boso
The Viking invasions
The Reign of Charles the Fat, or Illusions Dispelled
The imperial coronation
Charles the Fat in Francia
The deposition of Charles the Fat
The Election of Regional Kings
The New Kingdoms and Princedoms
The Rulers of the Italian Kingdom
New princedoms
Guido II, king of Italy
Troubles in Rome
Louis the Blind
Berengar I, emperor
The Kingdoms of Middle Gaul
Upper Burgundy
The German Kingdom
The regional princedoms
King Arnulf and Louis the Child
Conrad I
The Kingdom of Western Francia
The regional princedoms
King Odo
Territorial Organization in the First Half of the Tenth Century
The Restoration of the Italian Kingdom: The Reign of Hugh of Provence (924-947)
King Hugh
Hugh and Rome
Hugh and the nobility of northern Italy
The Restoration of the Monarchy in Germany: Henry of Saxony, Heir to the Carolingians
The accession of Henry I
Henry and the regional loaders
The Danes and the Slavs
Victori over the Magyars
Upper Burgundy and Italy
The close of Henry's reign
The Carolingian Restoration in Western Francia
The early reign of Charles the Simple (898-911)
Two achievements of Charles the Simple
Charles and the Northmen
Charles and Lotharingia
The revolt of the nobility
Ralph of Burgundy (923-936)
conflict with Herbert II
elsewhere in the kingdom
The Carolingian Restoration (936 to the Close of the Tenth Century)
The Return of the Carolingians and the First Years of Otto I
Louis IV
The first years of Otto I
the coronation
intervention in upper Burgundy
The Kings, Their Followers, and Their Subjects
The situation in Germany
Otto and the dukes
the German episcopacy
The situation in "France"
the king and his vassals
the resources of the Carolingians
Louis IV versus Hugh and Herbert
Louis VI in Normandy
the synod of Ingelheim
the power of Hugh the Great
Aquitaine and Provence
The Restoration of the Empire
Otto's victory over the Slavs and the Magyars
The conquest of Italy
the imperial coronation
the deposition of John XII
Otto I and Byzantium
the archbishopric of Magdeburg
the Poles
the mission to Hungary
Lotharingia: A Crossroads of Ottonians and Carolingians
Louis IV, Otto I, and Lotharingia
The regency of Bruno of Cologne
Lotharingian politics and the demise of the Carolingian rulers
Lothar in Aachen
Adalbero of Reims
the election of Hugh Capet
the Carolingian pretender
Rulers and Civilization in the New Europe
The Carolingian Church
Ecclesiastical Structures
The secular clergy
the bishops
the diocese
organizing the faithful
A Church Subject to Princes
The king as master of bishops and abbots
The administration of church property
The church in the tenth century
The Papacy
The popes and the west
The awakening of the papacy
Rome's prestige in the tenth century
Monasteries and papal protection
The Expansion of Christendom
The missions to the Slavs
The birth of the Hungarian church
Features of Carolingian Kingship
The King's Person and Status
Royal unction
The "royal ministry"
Coronary promises
Royal Justice
The King as Warrior
The royal army
Royal castles
The Carolingian warrior
The Carolingians and the Renewal of Western Economy
The Principles
Fair prices
Economic Developments
The management of royal domains
Trade and merchants
towns and emporiums
Monetary policy
under Pippin the Short
under Charlemagne
under Louis the Pious
under Charles the Bald
revival of local economies
The Successors of the Carolingians
The First Flowering of European Culture
Educational Policies
Pippin the Short
The restoration of schools
Louis the Pious
The results
Carolingian Latin
Vernacular literature
The Court as a Center of Learning
The palace at Aachen
Cultural endeavors after 843
Charles the Bald, the learned king
Kings and Books
The Carolingian script
Royal libraries
Noble libraries
Artistic Treasures
Kings as patrons and collectors
Art and the nobility
The Carolingian Kings as Builders
Royal palaces
Cathedral complexes
Decoration and images
The Heirs of the Carolingian Kings
Culture and learning in France
The Ottonian renaissance
the learned emperors
imperial patronage of the arts
the patronage of bishops and abbots
Italy and England
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