Tomas Transtrï¿½mer was born in Stockholm, Sweden on April 15, 1931. He was 23 years old when his debut work, Seventeen Poems, was published in 1954. He graduated from Stockholm University in 1956 and became an occupational psychologist. His other works include The Sorrow Gondola, The Half-Finished Heaven: The Best Poems of Tomas Transtrï¿½mer, and The Great Enigma: New and Collected Poems. He has won numerous awards including the Neustadt International Prize for Literature, the Oevralids Prize, the Swedish Award from International Poetry Forum, the Lifetime Recognition Award given by the trustees of the Griffin Trust for Excellence in Poetry in 2007, and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2011.