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Foul Means The Formation of a Slave Society in Virginia, 1660-1740

ISBN-10: 0807854867

ISBN-13: 9780807854860

Edition: 2003

Authors: Anthony S. Parent, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture Staff

List price: $37.50
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Description:

Challenging the generally accepted belief that the introduction of racial slavery to America was an unplanned consequence of a scarce labor market, Anthony Parent, Jr., contends that during a brief period spanning the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries a small but powerful planter class, acting to further its emerging economic interests, intentionally brought racial slavery to Virginia. Parent bases his argument on three historical developments: the expropriation of Powhatan lands, the switch from indentured to slave labor, and the burgeoning tobacco trade. He argues that these were the result of calculated moves on the part of an emerging great planter class seeking to consolidate power through large landholdings and the labor to make them productive. To preserve their economic and social gains, this planter class inscribed racial slavery into law. The ensuing racial and class tensions led elite planters to mythologize their position as gentlemen of pastoral virtue immune to competition and corruption. To further this benevolent image, they implemented a plan to Christianize slaves and thereby render them submissive. According to Parent, by the 1720s the Virginia gentry projected a distinctive cultural ethos that buffered them from their uncertain hold on authority, threatened both by rising imperial control and by black resistance, which exploded in the Chesapeake Rebellion of 1730.
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Book details

List price: $37.50
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Publication date: 9/29/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 312
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Acknowledgments
Illustrations
Abbreviations
Introduction
Origins: Land, Labor, and Trade
The Landgrab
The Labor Switch
Cyclical Crises, 1680-1723
Conflicts: Race and Class
The Laws of Slavery
Revolt and Response, 1676-1740
Class Conflicts, 1724-1740
Reactions: Ideology and Religion
The Emergence of Patriarchism, 1700-1740
Baptism and Bondage, 1700-1740
Coda: Foul Means Must Do, What Fair Will Not
Black Headright Patents
St. Peter's Parish
Index