Milbrey W. McLaughlin is David Jacks Professor of Education at Stanford University. W. Richard Scott is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Stanford University. Sarah N. Deschenes is Senior Researcher at the Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education. Kathryn C. Hopkins is a doctoral candidate in sociology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Anne R. Newman is Assistant Professor of Education at Washington University in St. Louis.