Introduction to Political Psychology

ISBN-10: 0805837701

ISBN-13: 9780805837704

Edition: 2004

Authors: Martha L. Cottam, Beth Dietz-Uhler, Elena M. Mastors, Thomas Preston

List price: $52.95
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Book details

List price: $52.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 2/23/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 360
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Beth Dietz-Uhler is Professor of Psychology at Miami University. Her research interests include intragroup and intergroup behavior, reactions to threats to social identity, sport fans and spectators, and computer-mediated communication.

Elena Mastors is currently the Program Director for Intelligence and National Security Studies at APUS. Previous to this she was an Associate Professor of National Security at the Naval War College. She also held various senior intelligence and policy positions in the Defense Department. She received her Ph.D. in political science from Washington State University. Her research interests are focused on understanding leaders and group dynamics as it pertains to armed groups. She is the author of the Lesser Jihad: Recruits and the al-Qaida Network and Introduction to Political Psychology.

Preface
An Introduction to Political Psychology
What Is Political Psychology?
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Personality and Politics
When Do Personalities Matter in Politics?
Theories and Approaches to Studying Personality
Psychoanalytic Approaches
Traits, Motives, and Individual Differences
Some Frameworks From Political Psychology
The Authoritarian Personality
Leader Analysis Frameworks
Trait-Based Studies
Operational Code
Conclusion
Key terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnotes
Cognition, Social Identity, Emotions, and Attitudes in Political Psychology
Information Processing
Categorization
Social Identity
Affect and Emotion
The Diabolical Enemy
The Barbarian
The Imperial Image
The Rogue Image
The Degenerate Image
The Colonial Image
Attitudes
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Political Psychology of Groups
The Nature of Groups
Definition of a Group
Group Composition
Group Structure
Group Formation
Group Development
Influence in Groups
Situational Conformity
Power
Reactions to Use of Power
Minority Influence
Group Performance
Social Facilitation and Inhibition
Productivity Losses
Improving Productivity
Group Decision Making
The Decision-Making Process
Groups and Political Decision-Making Units
Individual vs. Group Decision Making
Groupthink
New Group Syndrome
Bureaucratic Politics
Manipulation
Group Polarization
Escalation of Commitment
Improving Group Decisions
Conflict in Groups
Types of Conflict: Social Dilemmas
Causes of Conflict
Coalitions
Conflict Resolution
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Study of Political Leaders
Illustration of Application of Political Psychology Approaches to Leaders
The Example of Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton as Delegator-Observer: A Case Study
The Nuclear Crisis With North Korea (1993-1994)
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnotes
Voting, Role of the Media, and Tolerance
Beliefs, Values, Ideology, Attitudes, and Schemas
Political Sophistication in America
The Michigan School
The Maximalists
Knowledge Structures
Information Processing and Voting
Emotion and Voting
Media Framing and Public Opinion
Political Socialization
Political Tolerance
Voting Behavior in Britain
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnote
The Political Psychology of Race and Ethnicity
Explaining Racism and Ethnocentrism
Race in the United States, Brazil, and South Africa
The United States
Race in Brazil
South Africa
Ethnic Conflict
Multiethnic or Multisectarian States
Explanations of Conflict
Case Illustrations of Ethnic Conflict
Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia
The Maya of Guatemala
Resolving Racial and Ethnic Conflicts
Shared Sovereignty Strategies
Utilitarian Integration Strategies
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnotes
The Political Psychology of Nationalism
An Overview of Nationalism
Definition and Patterns of Behavior
Nationalism in Nonnation States
Causes of Nationalistic Behavior
Case Illustrations of Nationalism
Nationalism and Perceived Threats to National Values: Western Europe and Immigrants
Nationalism and the Desire for Unity and Independence
Nationalism and Foreign Policy
Conflict Prevention and Resolution Strategies
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnote
The Political Psychology of Political Extremists
The Political Psychology of Political Extremists
Extremist Groups
Extremist Groups in the United States: Patriots, Ku Klux Klan, Skinheads, Neo-Nazis, and Others
Evil, Filthy, Rotten Conspiracy
The International Connection
Terrorists
The Dirty War in Argentina
Paramilitaries/Death Squads
The Perpetrators of Genocide
The Holocaust
Rwanda
Bystanders and Altruists
Conflict and Reconciliation in the Context of Political Extremism
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnote
The Political Psychology of International Security and Conflict
Why Violence and War?
The Security Dilemma
The Psychology of Deterrence
The Effects of Problem Representation or Framing Upon Perception and Decision Making in the Security Context
Accountability
Group Dynamics and Malfunctions of Process
Conclusion
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Endnote
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index
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