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Language, Cognition, and the Brain Insights from Sign Language Research

ISBN-10: 0805833994

ISBN-13: 9780805833997

Edition: 2001

Authors: Karen Emmorey

List price: $76.95
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Description:

Once signed languages are recognized as natural human languages, a world of exploration opens up. Signed languages provide a powerful tool for investigating the nature of human language and language processing, the relation between cognition and language, and the neural organization of language. The value of sign languages lies in their modality. Specifically, for perception, signed languages depend upon high-level vision and motion processing systems, and for production, they require the integration of motor systems involving the hands and face. These facts raise many questions: What impact does this different biological base have for grammatical systems? For online language processing? For the acquisition of language? How does it affect nonlinguistic cognitive structures and processing? Are the same neural systems involved? These are some of the questions that this book aims at addressing. The answers provide insight into what constrains grammatical form, language processing, linguistic working memory, and hemispheric specialization for language. The study of signed languages allows researchers to address questions about the nature of linguistic and cognitive systems that otherwise could not be easily addressed.
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Book details

List price: $76.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 11/1/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 408
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Preface
Notation Conventions
Introduction
Documenting the Birth of a Language: The Nicaraguan Sign Language Project
The American Deaf Community and Sociolinguistic Context
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Structure of American Sign Language: Linguistic Universals and Modality Effects
The Structure of Signs: Morphology and the Lexicon
The Phonology of a Soundless Language
Syntax: The Structure of Sentences
Discourse and Language Use
Conclusions and Implications
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Confluence of Language and Space
Classifier Constructions
Talking About Space With Space
Nonlocative Functions of Signing Space
Conclusion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Psycholinguistic Studies of Sign Perception, Online Processing, and Production
Sign Perception and Visual Processing
Lexical Access and Sign Recognition
Lexical Representations and Organization
Online Comprehension of Signed Utterances: Psycholinguistic Studies of Coreference
Some Issues in Sign Language Production
Suggestions for Further Reading
Sign Language Acquisition
Early Development
What Does That "Mistake" Mean? Acquisition of Syntax and Morphology
Later Development
Conclusions and Implications
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Critical Period Hypothesis and the Effects of Late Language Acquisition
When Language Input Is Absent or Inconsistent: The Contribution of the Child
The Effects of Age of Acquisition on Grammatical Knowledge and Language Processing
Delayed First Language Acquisition Differs From Second Language Acquisition
The Cognitive Effects of Delayed First Language Acquisition
The Effects of Late Acquisition on the Neural Organization of Language
Suggestions for Further Reading
Memory for Sign Language: Implications for the Structure of Working Memory
Early Evidence for Sign-Based Working Memory
Evidence for a Visuospatial Phonological Loop
Working Memory Capacity: Effects on Memory Span for Sign and Speech
Effects of the Visuospatial Modality on Sign-Based Working Memory
A Modality Effect for Sign Language? Implications for Models of Working Memory
The Architecture of Working Memory for Sign Language: Summary and Conclusions
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Impact of Sign Language Use on Visuospatial Cognition
Motion Processing
Face Processing
Mental Imagery
Domains Unaffected by Sign Language Use
Implications: Does Language Affect Cognition?
Suggestions for Further Reading
Sign Language and the Brain
What Determines the Left-Hemispheric Specialization for Language?
Within Hemisphere Organization of Sign Language
The Role of the Right Hemisphere in Language Processes
The Role of Subcortical Structures in Sign Language
Conclusions and Implications
Suggestions for Further Reading
Epilogue
Handshapes in American Sign Language
Linguistic Distinctions Among Communication Forms in Nicaragua
References
Author Index
Subject Index