Paul's Letter to the Romans

ISBN-10: 0802837433

ISBN-13: 9780802837431

Edition: 2012

Authors: Colin G. Kruse

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The Pillar New Testament Commentary, designed for serious readers of the Bible, seeks above all to make clear the meaning of the text of Scripture as we have it. Writers of the PNTC volumes interact with the most important, informed contemporary debate yet avoid undue technical detail. Their ideal is a blend of rigorous exegesis and exposition, scholarship and pastoral sensitivity, with an eye alert both to biblical theology and to the contemporary relevance of the Bible.
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Book details

List price: $52.00
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 627
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.508
Language: English

Editor's Preface
Author's Preface
Rome and Its Population
Christians In Rome
Paul's Situation: A Scenario
Romans: A Summary of the Content
The Purpose of Romans
Rhetorical Matters
Authorship, Place, and Date of Writing
The Integrity of Romans
The Influence of 'The New Perspective'
Theological Themes
Letter Introduction, 1:1-17
Greetings, 1:1-7
Additional Note: Paul's Use of Credal Material in 1:3-4
Additional Note: Paul's Apostleship
Paul's Prayer and Purpose for Writing, 1:8-17
Additional Note: From Faith to Faith
Additional Note: The Righteousness of God
Exposition and Defense of the Gospel, 1:18-11:36
Humanity under the Power of Sin and Exposed to Wrath, 1:18-3:20
Primary Focus on the Sins of the Gentile World, 1:18-32
Humanity's Rejection of the Revelation of God in Nature, 1:18-23
Additional Note: The Wrath of God
Additional Note: Natural Theology
The Divine Reaction to Human Rejection, 1:24-32
Additional Note: The Nature of the Homosexual Practice Condemned by Paul
Additional Note: Paul's Depiction of the Gentile World
Primary Focus on the Sins of the Jewish World, 2:1-3:20
God Shows No Favoritism, 2:1-16
Additional Note: The Use of Physei in 2:14
Additional Note: Gentiles Who Do the Things Required by the Law
Additional Note: Conscience
Additional Note: Justification for the Doers
Having the Law and Circumcision Provides No Immunity, 2:17-29
Bragging about the law while failing to obey it, 2:17-24
True circumcision, 2:25-29
God's Faithfulness Is Not Nullified by Jewish Unbelief, 3:1-20
Five rhetorical questions, 3:1-9
Additional Note: Life under Sin
Scriptural support, 3:10-18
Additional Note: Paul's Use of Scripture in the Catena
Concluding statement, 3:19-20
Additional Note: The Works of the Law
God's Saving Righteousness Revealed, 3:21-4:25
The Righteousness of God Revealed, 3:21-31
The Heart of the Gospel, 3:21-26
Additional Note: Grace (Charis)
Additional Note: Hilasterion
Jewish Boasting Is Excluded, 3:27-31
Additional Note: Nomos in 3:27
Additional Note: Justification
God's Dealings with Abraham, 4:1-25
God Justifies Abraham apart from Works, 4:1-8
God Credits Righteousness to Abraham without Circumcision, 4:9-12
God Makes Abraham the Inheritor of the World without the Law, 4:13-17a
The Essential Nature of Abraham's Faith, 4:17b-22
The Relevance of God's Dealings with Abraham for All Believers, 4:23-25
Justification Brings Freedom and Hope, 5:1-8:39
Justified by Faith, 5:1-11
The Benefits of Justification, 5:1-2
Additional Note: The Glory in Store for Believers
Rejoicing Even in Suffering, 5:3-5
God's Love Demonstrated in Christ's Death for Us, 5:6-11
The Humanity-Wide Effects of the Actions of Adam and Christ, 5:12-21
Additional Note: The Nature of Death That Entered the World through Sin
Additional Note: Adam's Sin in Jewish Literature
Freedom from Sin's Dominion, 6:1-23
Dying and Rising with Christ, 6:1-14
Additional Note: Baptism in the Pauline Corpus
Additional Note: Dying and Rising with Christ
Slaves of Christ, 6:15-23
Additional Note: Eternal Life in the Pauline Corpus
Freedom from the Law, 7:1-25
Freed from the Law to Bear Fruit for God, 7:1-6
Sin, Not the Law, Is to Blame for the Human Predicament, 7:7-25
Israel's historical encounter with the law, 7:7-13
Israel's ongoing experience of living under the law, 7:14-20
Paid's conclusions about Israel, sin, and the law, 7:21-25
Additional Note: Classical Parallels regarding Moral Weakness
Additional Note: The Identity of the �I� in 7:7-25
Life in the Spirit, 8:1-13
The Spirit of Adoption, 8:14-17
Present Suffering and Future Glory, 8:18-30
The Groaning and Renewal of Creation, 8:19-22
Additional Note: Creation's Bondage to Corruption and Liberation
The Groaning and Redemption of Believers, 8:23-25
The Groaning of the Holy Spirit as He Intercedes for Believers, 8:26-27
God Works All Things Together for Good for Those Who Love Him, 8:28-30
The Emotive Climax - If God Be for Us, Who Can Be against Us? 8:31-39
Additional Note: Hope in the Pauline Corpus
Israel and the Purposes of God, 9:1-11:36
Paul's Concern for Israel and Her Privileges, 9:1-5
Israel and God's Election, 9:6-29
God's Word Has Not Failed, 9:6-13
Is God Unjust? 9:14-18
Why Does God Still Blame Us? 9:19-21
God Has the Right to Exercise His Prerogative, 9:22-29
Additional Note: Predestination in Romans - Corporate or Individual?
Jewish Responsibility for Failure to Embrace the Gospel, 9:30-10:21
Why Israel Did Not Attain the Righteousness She Pursued, 9:30-10:4
Additional Note: Zeal in Israel and in Paul
Additional Note: Telos Nomou
The Testimony of the Law to Faith, 10:5-13
Additional Note: Paul's Use of the Old Testament in 10:6-8
Additional Note: The Meaning of Salvation in Romans
Has Israel Not Heard? 10:14-21
Has God Rejected Israel? 11:1-36
The Significance of the Remnant, 11:1-10
Israel Stumbled, but Her Fall Is Not Irrevocable, 11:11-36
Israel's transgression means salvation for the Gentiles, 11:11-15
Additional Note: Israel's Jealousy
The lump of dough and the olive tree, 11:16-24
Additional Note: Paul's Olive Tree Analogy
The mystery: The final salvation of 'all Israel', 11:25-32
Additional Note: 'All Israel Will Be Saved'
Additional Note: A Contradiction between 9:6-13 and 11:25-32?
Additional Note: A Special Way of Salvation for Israel (11:1-32)?
Doxology, 11:33-36
The Ethical Outworking of the Gospel, 12:1-15:13
The Basis of Paul's Ethical Appeal, 12:1-2
The Believers' Relationships with Others, 12:3-21
Using Different Gifts for the Benefit of the Christian Community, 12:3-8
Enhancing Relationships within the Christian Community, 12:9-13
Additional Note: Hospitality
Relationships without and within the Christian Community, 12:14-16
Responding to Hostile People and Their Hostile Acts, 12:17-21
Additional Note: The Relationship between Pauline Ethics and Stoic Teaching
Christians and the Roman Authorities, 13:1-7
Love Fulfills the Law, 13:8-10
Living in the Light of the Coming of the Day, 13:11-14
Additional Note: Paul's Uses of the Clothing Metaphor
Instructions for the 'Weak' and the 'Strong': Accept One Another, 14:1-15:13
Additional Note: The 'Weak' and the 'Strong'
Accept Those Who Are Weak in Faith, 14:1-12
The Matter of Eating All Foods, 14:1-4
Additional Note: Faith and Conscience
The Matter of Observing Special Days, 14:5-8
We Will All Stand before God's Judgment Seat, 14:9-12
No Passing Judgment and No Placing Stumbling Blocks, 14:13-23
The 'Strong' to Bear the Failings of the 'Weak', 15:1-6
Accept One Another, 15:7-13
Paul's Ministry and Future Plans, 15:14-33
Paul Affirms the Roman Believers and Explains the Nature of His Ministry, 15:14-16
Paul's Pride in What Christ Has Wrought through Him, 15:17-21
Paul's Long-Held Desire and Present Plan to Visit Rome en Route to Spain, 15:22-33
Paul's Plan to Visit Rome en Route to Spain, 15:22-24
Paul's Collection Visit to Jerusalem prior to His Trip to Rome, 15:25-29
Paul's Appeal for the Roman Believers' Support in Prayer, 15:30-33
Conclusion, 16:1-27
Commendation of Phoebe, 16:1-2
Greetings for Twenty-Six Named Individuals, 16:3-16
Additional Note: Junia or Junias?
Additional Note: 'Well Known among', or 'Well Known to', the Apostles?
Additional Note: Kissing
Additional Note: The Twenty-Six Named individuals in Romans 16:3-15
Warning, Exhortation, and Affirmation, 16:17-20
Greetings from Eight of Paul's Associates, 16:21-23
Additional Note: The Erastus of 16:23 and the Erastus of the Inscription
Concluding Doxology, 16:25-27
Modern Authors
Scripture References
Extrabiblical Literature
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