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Psalms in Israel's Worship

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ISBN-10: 0802828167

ISBN-13: 9780802828163

Edition: 2004

Authors: Sigmund Mowinckel, James L. Crenshaw

List price: $40.00
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Book details

List price: $40.00
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 605
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

Foreword: The Book of Pslams and Its Interpreters
Select Bibliography
Translator's Preface
Author's Preface to the English Edition
The Psalms and the Cult
The problem
Testimonies about the cultic use of the psalms
Allusions to the temple cult in the psalms - song, music and dance
The cultic origin of psalmody as such, and the problem of the extant psalms
What is 'cult'?
The Method of the Cultic Interpretation
The form critical (form historical) view-point
The cult functional view-point
The sources for our knowledge of Israelite cult life
Preliminary classification of the psalms
Psalms outside the Psalter
Ancient oriental psalm poetry
'I' and 'We' in the Psalms - 'Royal Psalms'
'I' and 'we'. 'Corporate personality'
What are 'royal psalms'?
The ancient Israelite conception of the king
The place of the royal psalms in the cult
Royal and national psalms
National psalms in the 'I' form as royal psalms
'Democratization' of religion
The Hymn of Praise
Form and content, composition
Varieties of the hymn
The hymns and the annual festivals
Hymnic elements in other psalm types
The delineation of God in hymn and psalm
Psalms at the Enthronement Festival of Yahweh
The meaning of 'enthronement psalms'
The poetical situation (imagery): the enthronement of Yahweh
The cultic situation: the interpretation of the enthronement psalms
Enthronement psalms: the age of the literary type and of the corresponding festival
The enthronement festival
The pre-Israelite background and prototypes of the festival
The specifically Israelite character of the festival
The festal myths
Some of the main acts and rites of the festival
Form and content of the true enthronement psalms against the background of the experiences of the festival
The emotions and mood of the festival
The retrospective and prospective elements in the festival and its psalms
The relationship of the festival to the Jewish hope of restoration and the eschatology
National Psalms of Lamentation
Days and rites of penitence
Psalms for such days of penitence and prayer
Form and content of the psalm of lamentation
Protective psalms; 'psalms of confidence'
Psalms for the annual days of penitence and prayer; petitions for the nation's return
Psalms of general petition
Intercessory psalms
National Psalms of Lamentation in the I-form
The king ('I') as the people's representative in the properly national psalms of lamentation
Royal psalms of lamentation and petitions on the occasion of public disaster or danger
The lament over wicked tongues and false accusers
Style, form, and content
Need or danger envisaged as a dwelling in the realm of the dead, a concept common to psalms of both lamentation and thanksgiving
Real suffering or cultic 'mock sufering'?
Analogies with Babylonian 'I' psalms
Personal (Private) Psalms of Lamentation
Are there such psalms?
Psalms of sickness. The conception of sickness in Israel
Ritual remedies for sickness and uncleanness
Ritual psalms of sickness; enemies and 'awen
Possible other psalms of sickness
Psalms of sickness for the king's use
Content, form, and style
The psalmists' conception of sin
Sickness as an image of need and danger or as a secondary suffering
Possible other occasions for personal psalms of lamentation
I-psalms of lamentation (and psalms of thanksgiving), their relationship to the cult
Public Thanksgiving Psalms
The Victory Song
The festival of thanksgiving and the occasional psalm of thanksgiving
Public psalms of thanksgiving in the I-form
Royal psalms of thanksgiving
General psalms of thanksgiving of the community at the regular festivals
Personal (Private) Thanksgiving Psalms
Festivals of thanksgiving and psalms of thanksgiving; the occasions
Content and form
Communal thank-offering festivals
The individually experienced and felt
Psalms of Blessing and Cursing
The blessing and the cursing word in the cult
The blessing word in the psalms
The cursing word in the psalms
Two-way blessing and cursing formulae
The Prophetic Word in the Psalms and the Prophetic Psalms
The cult oracle and the temple prophets
Oracular promises in conjunction with psalms of lamentation
Royal oracles
Oracles at the annual festivals
Why mere promises?
The condition for the promises: obedience to Yahweh's command
Religious and moral conditions and the 'decalogical tradition'
Mixed Style and Liturgical Compositions
Varying 'types' in one and the same psalm an expression of the religious life in the cult
Cultic liturgies
Disintegration of style and mixture of styles
Psalm Singing and Psalm Singers
The guilds of singers at the temples
Temple singing
The Psalmists
The temple - or private conventicles?
The psalmists' relationship to the temple in Jerusalem
The psalmists belonged to the temple singers
The genuine traditions about the psalmists
'David' in the psalm titles
'Moses' and 'Solomon'
The Learned Psalmography
The wise and the wisdom poetry
Some non-cultic poetry and song in Israel
The petition as an expression of the life of piety and its dependence on the traditional forms of cultic poetry
Psalm composition a pious, inspired task
Non-cultic psalms in the Psalter
Post-canonical psalm composition
The Poems of Ben Sira
The Psalms of Solomon
Hodhayoth, the Qumran psalter
Early Christian psalm composition
Traditionalism and Personality in the Psalms
Attachment to tradition and poetic independence
The poets and the narratory 'I'
The poet and the 'I' in certain later private thanksgiving psalms
The Antiquity of Psalmography and the Psalms
The rhythmical cult word
The witness of earlier literature to cultic psalm singing and composition
National temples and psalm composition
Psalms preserved from the time of the monarchy, or even of David
Psalms from the days of Judaism
Psalms from Maccabean times?
A history of psalmography?
The Metre of the Psalms
Sense rhythm and imposed rhythm
Fundamental problems in Hebrew metrics
The basic form
Thought rhyme (parallelismus membrorum)
Rhythmical and logical units
Strophes
Uniform or mixed metres?
Changes of metre
Israelite and Oriental Psalmography
A common oriental psalm style older than Israel
Comparison with Israelite psalms. Hymns
Psalms of lamentation and of petition
Thanksgiving psalms
Canaanite and Israelite psalmography
Babylonian and Egyptian models
The metrical forms
Earlier Collections. The Compilation of the Psalter
Testimony to gradual collection
The various smaller collections
The completion of the Psalter
The five-fold division is quite secondary and does not reflect the history of the compilation
How many psalms in the Psalter?
When was the Psalter compiled?
The Purpose of the Psalter
The collection used as a temple hymnal
The purpose of the separate earlier lesser collections: the Asaph psalms, the Korah psalms, the second Davidic Psalter, the Elohistic Psalter, the pilgrim songs, the enthronement psalms, Hallel; the first Davidic Psalter; the psalms in the fourth and fifth 'books'
In what circles was the Psalter compiled? The 'learned' as traditionalists and canonists
The purpose of the collection
Consequences of the collection and canonisation of the Psalter. An end to cultic psalmography. Collective interpretation of older individualistic psalms
Technical Terms in the Psalm Headings
Expressions indicating type of psalm
Musical indications
Information as to the psalms' liturgical purpose and use
Expressions referring to the accompanying rite
Expressions of doubtful significance
Additional Notes I-XL
List of Abbreviations
Bibliography
Subject Index
Index of Scripture Passages Treated
Index of Authors