Dancer, choreographer, and director Bob Fosse was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of a vaudeville entertainer. As a teenager and a young man, Fosse performed in vaudeville, burlesque, and nightclubs. By the age of 23 he had made his Broadway debut in the musical revue Dance Me a Song. His first major success as a choreographer came with the witty "Steam Heat" number he created for The Pajama Game (1954). From that time on, he was much in demand as a choreographer, working on such shows as Damn Yankees (1955), Bells Are Ringing (1956), Redhead (1959), How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying (1961), Little Me (1963), Sweet Charity (1966), Pippin (1973), and Dancing (1978). Fosse also provided choreography for and directed the film versions of Sweet Charity and Cabaret (1972), and he choreographed, directed, and wrote the screenplay for the movie All That Jazz (1979). For his work, Fosse was honored with six Tony awards, an Oscar, and an Emmy.