Brown in Baltimore School Desegregation and the Limits of Liberalism
List price: $26.95
Buy it from $19.49
30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee
If an item you ordered from TextbookRush does not meet your expectations due to an error on our part, simply fill out a return request and then return it by mail within 30 days of ordering it for a full refund of item cost.
Learn more about our returns policy
Description: In the first book to present the history of Baltimore school desegregation, Howell S. Baum shows how good intentions got stuck on what Gunnar Myrdal called the "American Dilemma." Immediately after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, the city's liberal school board voted to desegregate and adopted a free choice policy that made integration voluntary. Baltimore's school desegregation proceeded peacefully, without the resistance or violence that occurred elsewhere. However, few whites chose to attend school with blacks, and after a few years of modest desegregation, schools resegregated and became increasingly segregated. The school board never changed its policy. Black leaders had urged the board to adopt free choice and, despite the limited desegregation, continued to support the policy and never sued the board to do anything else. Baum finds that American liberalism is the key to explaining how this happened. Myrdal observed that many whites believed in equality in the abstract but considered blacks inferior and treated them unequally. School officials were classical liberals who saw the world in terms of individuals, not races. They adopted a desegregation policy that explicitly ignored students' race and asserted that all students were equal in freedom to choose schools, while their policy let whites who disliked blacks avoid integration. School officials' liberal thinking hindered them from understanding or talking about the city's history of racial segregation, continuing barriers to desegregation, and realistic change strategies. From the classroom to city hall, Baum examines how Baltimore's distinct identity as a border city between North and South shaped local conversations about the national conflict over race and equality. The city's history of wrestling with the legacy of Brown reveals Americans' preferred way of dealing with racial issues: not talking about race. This avoidance, Baum concludes, allows segregation to continue.
Rush Rewards U
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!
Limited time offer:
Get the first one free!
All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $26.95
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Publication date: 4/8/2010
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
|Preface and Acknowledgments|
|Introduction: Liberalism, Race, and the American Dilemma|
|An American Border City|
|A Long Black Campaign for Equality|
|Opening the Racial Door Slightly|
|Desegregation by Free Choice|
|Parents' Protest against Continuing Segregation|
|Growing Integrationism and the Murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.|
|Federal Officials, the School Board, and Parents Negotiate|
|The City's Court Victory|
|Conclusion: Baltimore School Desegregation, Liberalism, and Race|