Clara Schumann, the wife of composer Robert Schumann, was born in Leigzig, Germany. His father, piano teacher Friedrich Wieck, turned her into one of the most brilliant and renowned concert pianists of her day. She gave her first major concert when she was only 11 years old, and several of her polonaises were published the following year. After their marriage in 1840, Robert and Clara Schumann made several concert tours throughout Europe. In addition to touring together, Clara Schumann also made many solo tours. After 1856 she played often for the Philharmonic Society in London. On her many tours and concerts, she gave definitive performances of many of her husband's works. Her own compositions include work for the piano and vocal songs.