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Ethnic Studies Issues and Approaches

ISBN-10: 0791444805

ISBN-13: 9780791444801

Edition: N/A

Authors: Philip Q. Yang

List price: $33.95
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Book details

List price: $33.95
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 4/13/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.276
Language: English

Figures and Tables
Preface
Credits
Basics of Ethnic Studies
Introduction
Brief history of ethnic studies in America
What is ethnic studies?
Defining ethnic studies
Ethnic group
Subfields of ethnic studies
What ethnic studies is not
Structure of the book
Methodologies of Ethnic Studies
Traditional disciplinary methods
Field research/ethnography
Experiment
Survey research
Content analysis
Interdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity
Comparativeness
Defining comparative methodology
Comparative analytical strategies
Issues in comparison
Discourse analysis
Summary
Major Issues in Ethnic Studies
Theories of Ethnicity
Concept of ethnicity
Nature and basis of ethnicity: Basic questions
The primordialist school
The constructionist school
The instrumentalist school
An integrated approach
Identity of mixed-race people
Summary
Ethnic Stratification
Basic concepts
Origins of ethnic stratification
The prevalence of ethnic stratification
Preconditions of ethnic stratification
Causes of ethnic stratification
The genesis of ethnic stratification in America
The emergence of the black slavery system
The origins of Indian-white stratification
The rise of Anglo-Chicano stratification
Summary
Ethnic Adaptation
A nation of immigrants
Approaches to ethnic adaptation
The Anglo-conformity perspective/assimilation theory
The melting-pot perspective
The cultural pluralism perspective
The ethnogenesis perspective
The internal colonialism perspective
The class approaches
Coming together or falling apart?
Summary
Ethnic Differences in Socioeconomic Achievement
Differential socioeconomic achievements
Explaining ethnic differences in achievements
Internal explanations
External explanations
Toward a synthesis
Summary
Ethnic Prejudice
The notion and dimensions of ethnic prejudice
Trends in ethnic prejudice in America
Theories of ethnic prejudice
The biological explanations
Psychological theories
Social learning theory
Conflict theory
Overall assessment and synthesis
Summary
Ethnic Discrimination
Concept of ethnic discrimination
Types of ethnic discrimination
Individual versus institutional discrimination
Intentional versus unintentional discrimination
Overt versus covert discrimination
Theories of ethnic discrimination
The prejudice hypothesis
Gain/functional theories
Class conflict theories
Social pressure theory
Interplay of Ethnic prejudice and ethnic discrimination
Summary
Racism
The evolution of the concept "racism"
The definition and dimensions of racism
Racism in the English language
Racism in American institutions
In the economic system
In the political system
In the educational system
In the legal system
Effects of racism
Effects of racism on minorities
Effects of racism on whites
Environmental racism
White racism and minority racism
Summary
Ethnic Segregation
Concept and dimensions of ethnic segregation
Measures of residential segregation
Levels and trends in ethnic residential segregation
Causes of ethnic residential segregation
The group-preference explanation
The economic-status explanation
The housing-discrimination explanation
The historical and structural explanation
Effects of ethnic residential segregation
School segregation, desegregation, and resegregation
Summary
Ethnic Conflict
Definition and forms of ethnic conflict
Theories of ethnic conflict
Interminority conflict: The case of Korean-black antagonism
Toward a more inclusive theory
Hate crimes
Summary
Ethnicity and Politics
Political party affiliation
Political ideology
Voting behavior
Political representation
Congressional representation
Representation in the administration
Representation in the Supreme Court
Summary
Race, Class, and Gender
Perspectives on interrelations of race, class, and gender
Effects of race, class, and gender on people's experiences
Racialized, classed gender roles
Race, class, gender, and work
Race, class, gender, and power
Race, class, gender, and sexuality
Race, class, gender and social institutions
Summary
Social Action Agendas and the Future of Ethnic Studies
Current Issues in Ethnic Studies
Affirmative action
What is affirmative action?
The historical background of affirmative action
Pros and cons of affirmative action
Proposition 209
What is the way out?
Illegal immigration and Proposition 187
Demographics of illegal immigrants
Proposition 187
The immigration debate
State of legal immigration
The economic impact of immigration
The social impact of immigration
The environmental impact of immigration
Bilingual education and the English-Only movement
Origin and development of national bilingual education policy
Types of bilingual education programs
Pros and cons of bilingual education
Proposition 227
The English-Only movement
The English-Plus campaign
Summary
Looking into the Future
Summary of the book
Continuing institutionalization of ethnic studies
Academization versus politicization of ethnic studies
Multiculturalism and ethnic studies
The study of whiteness and ethnic studies
Ethnic studies and national unity
Final remarks
References
Index