Introduction to Horticultural Science

ISBN-10: 0766835928

ISBN-13: 9780766835924

Edition: 2006

List price: $188.95
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Description:

Introduction to Horticulture Science is the only text of its kind to appropriately cover this subject matter in sufficient detail to be used as a college textbook for a horticultural science class. It provides an excellent survey of all aspects of this area and presents cutting edge research at a level which is understandable to the undergraduate population. This text introduces students to fundamental concepts including an introduction to the green plant; the origin and domestication of plants; the horticulture industry; and the fundamental steps leading to success in a horticulture career. The relationship between horticulture and the environment is discussed in addition to the classification of plants and plant anatomy. Also included is information on plant propagation; media, nutrients and fertilizers; plants and the environment; plant growth regulators; post harvest physiology and pest management; and it concludes with a comprehensive discussion of greenhouse structures; nursery site selection; development and facilities; producing nursery crops; and floral design.
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Book details

List price: $188.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 4/11/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.882
Language: English

Dr. Richard Arteca holds a B.S. in Horticulture and an M.S. in Plant Science from Utah State University, and a Ph.D. in Horticulture from Washington State University. He is Professor of Horticulture at The Pennsylvania State University. In addition to teaching, he has authored and contributed to several books on horticulture science.

Preface
About the Author
The Green Plant, What an Organism!
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Why Are Plants So Important?
Important Processes in Plants
Seed Germination
Photosynthesis
Phototropism
Thigmotropism
Gravitropism
Dormancy
Senescence
Flowering
Abscission
Fruit Growth and Development
Growth Retardation
Weed Control
Production of Important Chemicals by Plants
Biotechnology
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 1
References
Origin of Agriculture and the Domestication of Plants
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Theories on the Origin of Agriculture
Background on the Selection of Edible Plants Used Today
History of Agriculture
Egyptian Civilization
Greek Civilization
Roman Civilization
Medieval Horticulture and Agriculture
The Renaissance
The Age of Discovery and the New World
Beginnings of Experimental Science
Beginnings of Agricultural Research in the United States
Theories of the Origins of Cultivated Plants
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 2
References
The Horticulture Industry: An Important Part of Agriculture
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
The Horticulture Industry
Horticulture-An Area of Agriculture
Areas of Horticulture
Ornamental Horticulture
Olericulture
Pomology
Specific Characteristics of Horiticulture
Key Historical Names and Dates
Theophrastus
Varro
Dioscorides
Linnaeus
Charles Darwin
Gegor Mendel
Robert Prince
Andrew J. Downing
Frederick Law Olmstead
Liberty H. Bailey
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 3
References
Fundamental Steps Leading to Success in a Horticulture Career
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
How to Prepare for a Career in Horticulture
Work Part Time
Shadow or Observe Horrticulturists
Consult School Counselors or Advisors
Research the Library and Internet
Seek Other Sources of Information
Tips for Success in a Horticulture Career
Considering Personal Interests
Being Realistic
Education and Training
Suggestions on How to Get a Job
The Job Application
Keeping the Job and Being Successful
Career Paths in Horticulture
Specific Career Areas in Horticulture
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 4
References
The Relationship Between Horticulture and the Environment
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
How to Maintain a Healthy Environment
Potential Problems from Horticutural Practices
Effects of Pollution on the Environment
Public Demand Puts the Grower in a Difficult Position
Water Resources
Eutrophication
Pesticides
The Proper Way to Use Pesticides
Wildlife
Wetlands
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 5
References
Classification of Plants and Plant Anatomy
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
How Plants Are Classified and Named
Kind of Stem
Size of the Plant
Stem Growth Form
Kind of Fruit
Life Cycle
Foliage Retention
Temperature Tolerances
Number of Cotyledons and Venation
Scientific Classification
Botanical Nomenclature
Botanical Classification
Cultivars
The Plant's Life Cycle
Juvenile or Vegetative Phase
Reproductive or Mature Phase
Senescence
The Plant's Vegetative Structures
Leaves
Stems
Roots
Reproductive Parts of the Plant
Flower
Fruits
Seeds and Seed Germination
Seed Germination
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 6
References
Plant Propagation
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Plant Propagation Methods
Sexual Propagation
Asexual Propagation
Methods of Asexual Propagation
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 7
References
Media, Nutrients, and Fertilizers
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Plant-Growing Media
Roles of Media
Kinds of Media
Soil: Contents, Structure, and Profile
Soil Contents
Soil Structure
Soil Profile
Plant Nutrition
Primary Macronutrients
Secondary Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Factors Affecting pH and the Availability of Nutrients
Methods Used to Monitor Nutritional Levels
Fertilizers
Fertilizer Formulations
Fertilizer Nomenclature
Fertilizer Application
Timing of Application
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 8
References
Plants and Their Environment
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Plant Environment
Atmospheric Environment
Edaphic Environment
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 9
Plant Growth Regulators
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background of Plant Growth Regulating Substances
The Six Classes of Plant Hormones
Auxins-History and Physiological Processes
Gibberellins-History and Physiological Processes
Cytokinins-History and Physiological Processes
Abscisic Acid (ABA)-History and Physiological Processes
Ethylene-History and Physiological Processes
Brassinosteroids-History and Physiological Processes
Practical Uses of Plant Growth Regulators in Agriculture
Plant Growth Retardants
Ethylene-Releasing Compounds
Ethylene Biosynthesis Inhibitor
Compounds Containing Gibberellins
Compounds Containing Auxins
Compounds Containing Gibberellins and Cytokinins
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 10
References
Postharvest Physiology
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
General Background Information on Postharvest Handling
Biological Factors Involved in the Deterioration of Harvested Commodities
Environmental Factors Involved in the Deterioration of Harvested Commodities
Postharvest Technology Procedures
Future Trends in Handling Perishables
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 11
References
Pest Management
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Five Major Categories of Pests
Insects and Related Pests
Nematodes
Weeds
Diseases
Rodents and Other Animals
Controlling Pests
Pest Control Procedure
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 12
Plant Biotechnology and Genetically Modified Organisms: An Overview
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
General Background on Biotechnology
Hydroponics
Tissue Culture
Micropropagation
Production of Specialty Chemicals by Plants
Use of Single Cells as a Source of Genetic Variability for Plant Improvement
Genetically Engineering Plants
Methods of Transferring Foreign Genes into Plants
Crop Improvements Through Genetic Engineering
Production of Biopesticides
Concerns Resulting from Genetically Engineering Plants
Will Genetically Engineered Plants Be Safe to Eat?
Can Genetically Engineered Plants Become Weeds or Transfer Genes to Other Plants to Make Them Weeds?
Genetically Engineered Plants' Environmental Impact on Agricultural Practices
Opposition to Genetically Engineered Foods
Genetically Modified Crops Produced in the United States and the World
U.S. Regulation of Genetically Modified Food and Agricultural Biotechnology Products
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 13
References
Greenhouse Structures
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Basic Greenhouse Structure Types
Specific Design Types
Structural Parts of a Greenhouse
Greenhouse Coverings
Glass Coverings
Plastic Film Coverings
Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic Coverings
Acrylic and Polycarbonate Coverings
Factors Involved in Locating a Greenhouse Range
Layout of the Greenhouse Range
Greenhouse Range Orientation
Bench Orientation in the Greenhouse
Types of Benches
Controlling Greenhouse Temperature
Heating Systems Commonly Used in Greenhouses
Ventilation and Cooling Systems
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 14
References
Growing Crops in the Greenhouse
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Greenhouse Environment
Temperature
Light
Air
Humidity
Water
Selecting Containers for Crops
Types of Containers
Rooting Containers
Bedding Plant Containers
Green and Flowering Plant Containers
Growing Media
Irrigation Practices
Types of Irrigation Systems
Manual Watering
Automated Watering Systems
Fertilization
Greenhouse Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 15
References
Nursery Site Selection, Development, and Facilities
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Nursery Site Selection
Environmental Factors
Economic Factors
Nursery Development
Nursery Facilities and Equipment for Container and Field Nurseries
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 16
Reference
Producing Nursery Crops
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Nursery Production in the United States
Container Nursery Production
Field Nursery Production
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 17
Reference
Floral Design
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
History of Floral Design
Background on Cut Flowers
Permanent Flowers
Commonly Used Flowering Plants for Cut Flowers
Harvesting Flowers
Care and Handling of Flowers and Foliage After Harvest
Principles of Floral Design
Design Elements
Six Key Design Rules
Tools and Materials Used for Designing Flowers
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 18
Interiorscaping
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background on Interiorscaping
Plant Environment
Growing Media
Fertilization
Acclimation
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Plant Characteristics
Personal Preference
Terrarium or Bottle Garden
Container Selection
Plant Selection
Necessary Tools
Planting Medium
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 19
Designing Landscapes
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background Information on Planning a Landscape and Key Definitions
Purposes of Landscaping
Types of Landscaping
Individuals Responsible for Landscape Design, Installation, and Maintenance
Elements of Design
Principles of Design
Important Factors to Consider when Preparing a Landscape Plan
Creating a Landscape Plan
Client Needs and the Purpose of the Landscape
Analysis of the Site and Its Use
Plant Material Selection
Plant Arrangement in the Landscape
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 20
Installing Landscapes
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background Information on the Planting Plan
Site Preparation
Staking the Site
Hardscaping
Bed Preparation
Installation of Plants into the Landscape
Bedding Plants
Trees and Shrubs
Ground Covers
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 21
Reference
Landscape Maintenance
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background of Landscape Maintenance
Pruning
Pruning Goals
Tree Parts
Pruning Equipment
Pruning Different Types of Plants
Ornamental Trees
Fruit Trees
Grapes
Flowering Shrubs
Evergreen Shrubs
Deciduous Trees
Care of Trees, Shrubs, and Flowering Plants
Watering
Fertilization
Insects and Diseases
Weeds
Turfgrass Care and Maintenance
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 22
Warm- and Cool Season Turfgrass Selection, Establishment, Care, and Maintenance
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Major Functions of Turf
Turf Quality
Turfgrass Selection
Climatic Requirements
Life Cycle
Usage
Maintenance Needs
Visual and Functional Quality
Disease- and Insect Resistance
Turfgrass Establishment
Planting Turfgrass Using Sexual Propagation
Planting Turfgrass Using Asexual Propagation
Maintaining Turfgrass
Proper Management of Nutrients
Watering
Mowing
Removal of Clippings and Thatch
Aeration
Pest Control
Scientific Classification (Nomenclature)
Warm Season Turfgrasses
Cool Season Turfgrasses
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 23
Olericulture
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background Information for Olericulture
Classification of Vegetable Crops
Establishing a Vegetable Crop
Selecting the Site and the Necessary Facilities
Selecting a Cultivar
Preparing the Seedbed
Planting Vegetable Crops
Care and Maintenance of Vegetable Crops
Proper Management of Nutrients
Watering
Pest Control
Staking and Training
Protection from Damaging Temperatures
Air Movement
Crop Maturation, Harvesting, Storing, and Marketing
Crop Maturation
Harvesting
Vegetable Cooling and Storage
Marketing
Commerical Vegetable Production
Nontraditional Vegetable Production
Organic Production
Sustainable Horticulture
Hydroponics
Biotechnology
Home Vegetable Garden
Planning the Garden
Planting and Growing Vegetables
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 24
References
Pomology: Fruit and Nut Production
Abstract
Objectives
Key Terms
Introduction
Background Information About Pomology
Types of Fruits
Fruit Crop Establishment
Selecting the Site and the Necessary Facilities
Selecting the Cultivars
Selecting the Rootstocks
Preparing the Land
Planting Fruit Crops
Maintenance and Care of Fruit Crops
Properly Manage Nutrients
Crop Maturation
Harvesting, Storing, and Marketing
Summary
Review Questions for Chapter 25
References
Glossary
Index
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