Illustrated Guide to Pruning

ISBN-10: 0766822710

ISBN-13: 9780766822719

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

Authors: Edward F. Gilman

List price: $199.95
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Description:

Illustrated Guide to Pruning, second edition is an excellent instructional tool for community colleges and university horticulture programs and is an appealing resource for the horticulture, landscape and tree associations and industries. It is a must-have for anyone interested in the pruning and maintenance of trees and is a natural feature for botanic garden and arboreta bookstores.
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Book details

List price: $199.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 12/18/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Dr. Gilman received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University in 1980 in forest plant pathology and is a professor in the Environmental Horticulture Department at the University of Florida in Gainesville. He has assembled a unique urban tree teaching program for helping municipalities, contractors, arborists, educators, growers, landscapers, and others design and implement programs for promoting better tree health in cities. He conducts educational programs in tree selection, nursery production, and urban tree management nation-wide for a large variety of audiences. Dr. Gilman is a Florida chapter ISA past-president. He has published more than 96 scientific peer reviewed journal articles in his 30 years in academia and industry and has won numerous awards. His research emphasizes tree pruning, nursery production, anchorage, and tree establishment. He has published more than 150 technical articles in newsletters and trade magazines and annually presents research results to colleagues at professional meetings across the US and throughout the world. He is the author of six books and maintains an extensive web site on urban trees, enjoying life in Gainesville Florida where he and his wife Betsy raised their two daughters, Samantha and Megan.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Introduction
Objectives of pruning
Pruning strategies
Inspect the tree before climbing
Evaluate the tree before pruning
Legal obligations
Pruning severity
Plant Selection and Management: The Best Way to Minimize Pruning Needs
Good urban design
Species selection
Tree form and habit
At the nursery
In the landscape
At the construction site
Tree Structure
Forest-grown tree form versus open-grown form
Branch attachment
Branch and stem bark ridge
Branch protection zone
Strength of branch and stem attachment
Tree Biology
Introduction
Roots
Wood and canopy
Compartmentalization of decay in trees
Best management practices based on biology
Pruning Cuts
Introduction
Reduction cuts
Heading cuts
Removal cuts
Locating the right spot to make the cut
Making the cut
Learning how to make the right cut
Removing dead, dying, and diseased branches
Flush cuts
Terminal bud cluster pruning
Wound dressing on pruning cuts
Pruning Tools
Pruning shears
Loppers
Hedging shears
Hand saws
Chain saws
Pole saws and loppers
Climbing aids
Aerial lifts
Pruning carts
When to Prune
Start pruning early
In the nursery
At transplanting
Pruning cycles in the landscape
Municipal pruning cycles
Time of year
Growth rate control
Wound closure rate
Flowering trees
Fruit trees
Minimize bleeding
Pest control
Palms
Small ornamental trees
Nursery Shade Tree Production Pruning: Developing the Trunk and Leader
Objective of nursery leader pruning
Purchasing quality liners
Subordination of competing stems
Creating an upright dominant trunk
Creating a straight trunk
Staking
Topping
Splinting
Tree shelters
Trees with an unbranched trunk
Tree spacing strategies
Developing trunk caliper quickly
Nursery Shade Tree Production Pruning: Developing the Canopy
Objectives of developing a nursery tree canopy
Controlling vigorous growing branches
Upright trees
Clustered stems or branches
Choosing the lowest branch in the canopy
Spacing branches along the trunk
Creating a uniform crop
Cultivar selection
Topping
Shearing and rounding over
Increasing canopy spread
Developing large caliper trees
Developing street trees
Excurrent evergreens
Pruning for sale in the nursery
Developing a production protocol
Developing Special Forms on Young Plants
Developing a single leader on a small ornamental tree or shrub
Developing multiple trunks
Developing fruit trees
Developing and maintaining a standard form
Creating special effects
Developing an espalier
Developing and maintaining a pollard
Developing weeping plants
Structural Pruning of Shade Trees in the Landscape: Objectives
Introduction
Why trees need structural pruning
Objectives of structural pruning
Decide what form is most suitable
Single-trunked trees
Low-branched, multi-trunked trees
Structural Pruning of Shade Trees in the Landscape: Execution
Developing and maintaining a dominant leader
Developing main lateral limbs
General strategy
Branch management on young trees
Branch management on sheared trees
Branch management on street trees
Branch management on medium-aged trees
Clustered branches
Developing and managing lower branches
Developing low branches
Managing low branches
Aerial roots on trees
Conifers and other excurrent trees
Pruning Types on Established Trees
Introduction
Cleaning
Thinning
Reducing (Reduction)
Raising
Balancing
Reducing risk
Before a storm
After a storm
Restoration
Topped trees
Lions-tailed trees
Tipped trees
Storm-damaged trees
Neglected trees
Prune for pest control
Directional pruning
Vista pruning
Slowing the growth rate
Considerations for Maintaining Special Sites and Trees
Mature trees
Street and parking lot trees
Golf course and park trees
Trees at the edge of woods
Feature trees
Trees separating fairways or in clusters
Root management
Ornamental cherries, crabapples, and other ornamental trees
Fruit trees
Crape-myrtle and other summer-flowering trees
Palms and cycads
Pruning near utility lines
Conifers and other evergreens
Weeping trees
Columnar and upright trees
Standards and Specifications
Standards
Specifications
How to hire an arborist
Summary of tree pruning strategies
Shrub Pruning
Introduction
Thinning
Maintaining and reducing size
Maintaining size
Reducing size
Hedging
Developing a hedge
Maintaining a hedge
Rejuvenating a hedge
Enhancing canopy density, slowing growth, and increasing flower number
Pollarding and stooling
Renovating
Creating a small tree from an overgrown shrub
Time of year
Appendices
Glossary
References
Index
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