Research Methods for Political Science Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches

ISBN-10: 0765623137

ISBN-13: 9780765623133

Edition: 2nd 2010 (Revised)

Authors: David E. McNabb

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Book details

List price: $52.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 9/23/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Dr. David E. McNabb, Professor Emeritus at Pacific Lutheran University, has taught at Oregon State University, the Stockholm School of Economics-Riga, the American University of Bulgaria, Evergreen State College, the University of Maryland-UC (Europe), and the University of Washington-Tacoma. He is an adjunct professor at Olympic College and a recent member of a consultant group on aspects of nonsampling errors in surveys for an agency of the federal government. He earned his PhD at Oregon State University, his MA at the University of Washington, his BA at California State University, Fullerton. Dr. McNabb has served as director of communications for a caucus of the Washington House of Representatives and as director of economic development for the city of Fullerton, California. He has authored eight books and nearly one hundred articles and conference papers.

Preface and Acknowledgments
Introduction
Foundations Of Political Science Research
Research Fundamentals
Purposes for Political Science Research
The "Big Issues" in Political Science
Categories of Political Science Research
From Thematic Focus to Research Topics
Different Answers for Similar Problems
Defining Research
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Research Approaches and Methods
The Positivist Research Approach
The Postpositivist Revolution
A New Beginning for Research
Research Methods in-Political Science
Three Common Positivist Research Approaches
Postpositivist Research Approaches
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Understanding the Research Process
Steps in the Research Process
Identifying the Research Problem
Establishing Research Objectives
Deciding on a Research Strategy
Prepare a Research Plan
Gather the Data
Analyze and Interpret the Data
Prepare and Present the Findings
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Selecting a Research Design and Choosing a Research Topic
Quantitative Designs
Qualitative Designs
Combined Research Designs
Choosing a Research Topic
Tasks in Problem Definition
Choosing a Research Theme or Position
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Preparing a Research Proposal
Contents of a Typical Research Proposal
The Finished Product
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
The Legal and Ethical Environment of Research
The Meaning of Ethics
How Can You Know Which Is the Right Decision?
Five Important Research Problem Areas
Research Ethics
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Quantitative Research Approaches and Methods
Introduction to Quantitative Research and Sampling
Fundamentals of Measurement
Issues of Reliability and Validity
Defining Statistics
Categories of Statistics
Parameters vs. Statistics
Descriptive Statistics and Inferential Statistics
Statistics in Political Science Research
Introduction to Sampling
Some Sampling Methods
Dealing with Error and Bias in Sampling
Nonresponse Error
The Meaning of Sample Distributions
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Exploratory Research: The Probing Approach
Purposes for Exploratory Research
Methods in Exploratory Data Collection
Analyzing Exploratory Data
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Descriptive Research: The Survey Approach
Advantages of Using Questionnaires
Some Characteristics of Questionnaires
How to Prepare Your Own Questionnaire
Developing and Wording Questions
Projective Techniques
Developing and Using Scales
Other Types of Scales
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Causal Research: The Experimental Approach
Key Concepts in Experimental Design
Approaches to Experimental Design
Testing Differences with Student's t-Test
Different Approaches for the t-Test
Comparing Scores of More Than Two Groups
Three Versions of ANOVA
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Interpreting Exploratory and Descriptive Statistics
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of Variability
Measures of Relative Position
Measures of Correlation
Calculating Descriptive Statistics with Excel
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Testing Research Hypotheses
Fundamentals of Hypothesis Testing
Classes of Hypothesis Tests
Probability and Hypothesis Testing
The Concept of Error in Hypothesis Testing
One-Sample Hypothesis Tests
The Excel Confidence Test
Normal Distribution Tests
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics
Nonparametric Analogs of Parametric Tests
Nonparametric Tests for Location
One-Sample Nonparametric Tests
The K-S One-Sample Test for Ordinal Data
Nonparametric Tests for Differences
Two Related-Sample Tests
Three or More Independent Sample Tests
Three or More Independent Sample Tests
Nonparametric Relationship Tests
Tests for Nominal Level Data
Ordinal Data Association Tests
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Correlation and Regression Analysis
Relationship Test Applications
Correlation Analysis
Correlation Statistics
Simple Regression Analysis
A Simple Regression Example
Multiple Regression Analysis
Multiple Regression with Dummy Variables
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Exploring Multivariate Statistics
Multiple Regression Analysis
Multiple Regression with Dummy Variables
Predicting with Discriminant Analysis
Group-Classification Applications
Factor and Cluster Analysis Methods
Factor Analysis
Conducting a Factor Analysis with SPSS
Cluster Analysis
Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA)
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Qualitative Research Approaches and Methods
Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods
Qualitative Research Strategies
The Explanatory Approach: Case and Historical Methods
Case Method Research
What Is a Case Study?
Three Types of Case Studies
When to Use the Case Study Approach
The Single-Case Study
The Multi-Case Method
Steps in the Case Study Method
Important Guidelines for Case Study Reports
Historical Research in Political Science
Capturing the Nature of Political History
Conducting Historical Research
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
The Interpretive Approach I: Grounded Theory Methods
Early Goals for Grounded Theory
Importance of Grouping and Coding
Two Approaches to Grounded Theory
Steps in the Grounded Theory Process
A Seven-Stage Model for Grounded Theory Research
The Final Stage: Development of a Theory
A Brief Caveat about the Method
Grounded Theory Research in Practice
Grounded Theory and Public Policy
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
The Interpretive Approach II: Ethnographic Research Methods
Industrialization and the Social Sciences
Ethnography, Ethology, or Ethnology?
Ethnography in Political Science Research
Urbanism Research
Ethnography and Organizational Culture
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
The Critical Approach: Feminist and Empowerment Research
The Feminist Research Model
Empowerment Research
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Analysis Methods for Qualitative Data
What Are Qualitative Data?
Components of Qualitative Data Analysis
Bringing Order to Raw Qualitative Data
A Nine-Step Analysis Process
The Jones Qualitative Data Analysis Process
Analysis of Ethnographic Study Data
Computer Analysis of Qualitative Data
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Analyzing Texts, Documents, and Artifacts
Analysis of Texts as Data
Reviewing the Relevant Literature
Document Research Using Archival Data
Performing a Meta-analysis of Existing Research
Hermeneutic Analysis of Text and Nontext Material
Semiotics: The Analysis of Signs and Symbols
Content, Narrative, and Discourse Analysis
Examining Material Culture (Artifact Analysis)
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Preparing and Presenting Research Findings
Organizing Information in Tables, Charts and Graphs
Making Sense out of Raw Data
Preparing a Stem-and-Leaf Diagram
Communicating with Charts and Graphs
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Organizing and Writing a Research Report
How to Structure a Research Report
Sections in a Research Report
Style: First Person or Third person?
Conclusions and/or Recommendations Section
Style in Research Report Writing
Style in the Bibliography (References) Section
Some Standard Style Requirements
Other Style Manuals
Special Requirements for Political Science Research papers
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
Introduction to Statistical Software
How Do I Start Using SPSS?
The SPSS Opening Screen
Entering Variable Labels
Working with the Data Editor Toolbar
Processing Numerical Data with SPSS
Variable Labels
Value Labels
Missing Values
Data Types
Entering Data
Putting SPSS to Work
Using the Frequencies Dialogue Box
Univariate Descriptive Statistics for Continuous Measurements
Bivariate
Descriptive Statistics
Measures of Association
Summary
Discussion Questions
Additional Reading
References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Author
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