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Computers : Exploring Concepts

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ISBN-10: 0763812951

ISBN-13: 9780763812959

Edition: 1st

Authors: Floyd Fuller

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Description:

A heavily illustrated introduction to the principles of information processing. Fuller (Appalachian State U.) provides background on the basics of hardware, software, and telecommunications and the Internet, broken down into bite-size explanations, to help prospective employees compete in the job market. Intended to serve as a standalone guide or as a companion to textbooks on various computer applications. c. Book News Inc.
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Book details

Edition: 1st
Publisher: EMC/Paradigm Publishing
Binding: Cloth Text 
Pages: 224
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Prefacep. vii
Managing Information and Change in a Connected Worldp. 1
Cyber Scenariop. 3
The Global Community of the Internetp. 4
The Internet and the World Wide Webp. 4
Size of the Internetp. 5
Navigating the Internet: A Survival Skillp. 7
What Is the Internet?p. 7
A Brief History of the Internet and the World Wide Webp. 7
The World Wide Web within the Internetp. 9
How Information Travels over the Internetp. 10
Ways to Use the Internetp. 11
Networks: Skeletal Framework of the Internetp. 12
Computers: Keys to the Internetp. 12
The Role of the Computerp. 13
Computers and Computer Systemsp. 14
Computer Hardware and Software: An Overviewp. 15
Categories of Computersp. 16
Personal Computersp. 16
Minicomputersp. 18
Mainframe Computersp. 18
Supercomputersp. 19
How Computers Workp. 19
Data Representation: Bits and Bytesp. 19
ASCII and EBCDIC Coding Schemesp. 19
The Central Processing Unit (CPU)p. 20
Computer Storagep. 24
Internal Storagep. 24
Secondary (External) Storagep. 26
On the Horizonp. 28
Computer Chips: Denser, Faster, and More Powerfulp. 28
Computers: Shrinking Size and Growing Capabilitiesp. 28
Molecular Data Storagep. 28
Embedded Computers Everywherep. 28
Expanding Use of Artificial Intelligencep. 28
Faster Communication and a Shrinking Global Communityp. 29
Chapter Summaryp. 30
Timelinep. 30
Key Termsp. 31
Internet Tutorial: Browsing the Web Using Web Addressesp. 32
Communicating Clearlyp. 36
Technology Termsp. 36
Techno Literacyp. 36
Connecting with Conceptsp. 37
Technology Processesp. 37
Key Principlesp. 38
Mining Datap. 39
Things That Thinkp. 40
Predicting Next Stepsp. 40
Solving Problemsp. 40
Examining Ethical Issuesp. 41
Answers to Technology Terms and Key Principles Questionsp. 41
Special Features
Computers in Your Future?p. 5
Drivers: Tim Berners-Leep. 6
Hot Wired: Teledesic: Internet in the Skyp. 12
E-thics: Opening the New World to Disabled Personsp. 15
Globe Trotting: Will the Internet Crack the Great Wall?p. 17
Hot Wired: Coming Soon--Organ Gardensp. 23
Globe Trotting: Uniting Africa Onlinep. 26
E-thics: A Tower as Lovely as a Treep. 26
Upstarts: Girl Techp. 27
Hot Wired: Are You My Mother?p. 29
Hardware: Enabling Information Processingp. 1
Cyber Scenariop. 3
Embedded Computers in Your Futurep. 4
What Is Hardware?p. 4
Personal Computer Hardwarep. 4
Types of Hardware Devicesp. 4
System Unit Hardwarep. 5
Motherboardsp. 5
Microprocessorsp. 6
RAM Chipsp. 7
Cache Memoryp. 8
ROM Chipsp. 8
Portsp. 9
Expansion Slotsp. 9
PC Cardsp. 10
Busesp. 10
Input Hardwarep. 10
Keyboardsp. 11
Special-Function Keyboardsp. 11
The Mouse and Other Point-and-Click Devicesp. 13
Trackballsp. 14
Touch Pads and Touch Screensp. 14
Joysticksp. 15
Pens and Tabletsp. 16
Graphics Tabletsp. 16
Optical Scannersp. 16
Bar Code Readersp. 18
Audio Inputp. 18
Video Inputp. 19
Applications for Video Inputp. 20
Digital Camerasp. 20
Output Hardwarep. 22
Monitorsp. 22
Printersp. 23
Plottersp. 27
Speakersp. 29
Storage Devicesp. 29
Magnetic Storage Devicesp. 29
Types of Magnetic Storage Mediap. 29
Floppy Disks and Disk Drivesp. 30
Hard Disks and Disk Drivesp. 33
Optical Disks and Disk Drivesp. 34
Large Computer Hardwarep. 37
Storage Devicesp. 37
WORM Disksp. 39
On the Horizonp. 40
Wireless, Wireless, and More Wirelessp. 40
Increased Magnetic Data Storage Capacitiesp. 40
Improved Monitorsp. 40
More Smart Cardsp. 40
Biometric Authentication Devices as Security Measuresp. 41
Internet Tutorial 2: Conducting a Simple Searchp. 42
Chapter Summaryp. 46
Timelinep. 46
Key Termsp. 47
Communicating Clearlyp. 48
Technology Termsp. 48
Techno Literacyp. 48
Connecting with Conceptsp. 50
Technology Processesp. 50
Key Principlesp. 50
Mining Datap. 51
Things That Thinkp. 52
Predicting Next Stepsp. 52
Solving Problemsp. 53
Examining Ethical Issuesp. 53
Answers to Technology Terms and Key Principles Questionsp. 53
Special Features
Hot Wired: Is There a Pocket for my Cell Phone?p. 7
Globe Trotting: Reaching Mongoliap. 9
E-thics: Votes for Sale?p. 10
Drivers: Michael Dellp. 12
Hot Wired: Subzero Meteor Huntingp. 15
Drivers: Jack S. Kilbyp. 24
Drivers: Steven Jobsp. 28
Computers in Your Future: The Online Job Searchp. 39
Hot Wired: Leading by a Nosep. 41
Software: Operating Systems and Productivity Applicationsp. 1
Cyber Scenariop. 3
Software for a Soft Job?p. 4
What Is Computer Software?p. 4
System Softwarep. 4
Operating Systemsp. 4
Software User Interfacesp. 8
Command-Line Interfacesp. 8
Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs)p. 9
Features of a Graphical User Interfacep. 10
Icons That Represent Common Commandsp. 13
On-screen Desktopp. 14
Display Windowsp. 14
Dialog Boxesp. 14
Online Helpp. 18
Commonly Used Operating Systems Platformsp. 19
Windows 3.xp. 19
Windows 95p. 20
Windows 98p. 20
Windows NTp. 22
Windows 2000 Professionalp. 23
Windows 2000 Serverp. 25
Windows Mep. 25
Windows CEp. 26
Palm OSp. 26
Macintosh Operating System (Mac OS)p. 26
OS/2p. 27
UNIXp. 27
Linuxp. 28
Javap. 29
Utilities and Translatorsp. 29
Utility Programsp. 29
Language Translatorsp. 31
Productivity (Application) Softwarep. 32
Categories of Productivity Softwarep. 33
Word Processorsp. 33
Spreadsheetsp. 37
Database Management Softwarep. 38
Presentation Graphics Softwarep. 42
Communications Softwarep. 44
Desktop Publishing Softwarep. 45
Software Suitesp. 46
Proprietary Software vs. Freeware/Sharewarep. 47
On the Horizonp. 48
Speech Recognition Softwarep. 48
Pattern Recognition Softwarep. 48
Enhanced Artificial Intelligencep. 49
Rentable Productivity Applicationsp. 49
Chapter Summaryp. 50
Timelinep. 50
Key Termsp. 51
Internet Tutorial 3: Conducting an Advanced Searchp. 52
Communicating Clearlyp. 56
Technology Termsp. 56
Techno Literacyp. 56
Connecting with Conceptsp. 57
Technology Processesp. 57
Key Principlesp. 58
Mining Datap. 59
Things That Thinkp. 60
Predicting Next Stepsp. 60
Solving Problemsp. 60
Examining Ethical Issuesp. 61
Answers to Technology Terms and Key Principles Questionsp. 61
Special Features
Hot Wired: A Dog with a Bytep. 4
Drivers: Bill Gatesp. 12
Hot Wired: Keep 'Em Movingp. 19
Globe Trotting: India's Silicon Valleyp. 22
Drivers: Bill Atkinsonp. 24
Hot Wired: Bluetoothp. 45
E-thics: Onward Cyber Soldiersp. 46
Computers in Your Future: Computer Security Engineerp. 47
Connectivity: Telecommunications, Networks, and the Internetp. 1
Cyber Scenariop. 3
Networking over the Netp. 4
Telecommunications: Connecting Networks to the Internetp. 4
Networking Componentsp. 4
Characteristics of Data Transmissionp. 5
Bandwidthp. 5
Analog versus Digital Transmissionp. 6
Serial versus Parallel Transmission
Communications Mediap. 8
Wire versus Wireless Mediap. 8
Types of Wire Mediap. 9
Internet Services Digital Network (ISDN)p. 11
T Linesp. 11
Wireless Communications Mediap. 11
Microwave Systemsp. 11
Satellite Systemsp. 13
Cellular Technologyp. 14
Infrared Technologyp. 16
Network Classificationsp. 16
Networks Classified by Architecturep. 17
Networks Classified by Coveragep. 18
Networks Classified by Usersp. 20
Network Topologies (Layouts)p. 23
Bus Topologiesp. 23
Star Topologiesp. 25
Ring Topologiesp. 25
Hybrid Topologiesp. 26
Networking and Communications Hardwarep. 27
Hubsp. 27
Repeatersp. 27
Routersp. 27
Bridgesp. 28
Gatewaysp. 28
Multiplexersp. 29
Concentratorsp. 20
Communications Software and Protocolsp. 29
Features of Communications Utilitiesp. 30
Communications Protocolsp. 30
Protocols for Local Area Networks (LANs)p. 33
Protocols for Wide Area Networks (WANs)p. 33
Internet and Web Protocolsp. 33
Electronic Mail Protocolsp. 34
Wireless Application Protocolsp. 34
The Internet: A Worldwide Networkp. 34
Electronic Mail (E-Mail)p. 37
Information Retrievalp. 38
File Transferp. 38
Chat Roomsp. 38
Entertainmentp. 38
Online Shoppingp. 38
Distance Learningp. 39
Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce)p. 40
Electronic Bulletin Boardsp. 40
Telecommutingp. 41
Connecting to the Internetp. 41
Types of Internet Connectionsp. 41
Alternatives to the Telephone/Modem Connectionp. 42
Using a Browserp. 43
Using Search Enginesp. 46
Networking and Internet Concernsp. 47
Standard Protocols and Adequate Bandwidthsp. 47
Privacy Issuesp. 47
Security Protectionsp. 47
Copyright Infringementp. 48
Virusesp. 49
On the Horizonp. 50
Optical Networks: Shining Light of the Futurep. 50
Another Internet?p. 50
Chapter Summaryp. 52
Timelinep. 52
Key Termsp. 55
Internet Tutorial 4: Creating a Web Page in Wordp. 56
Communicating Clearlyp. 60
Technology Termsp. 60
Techno Literacyp. 61
Connecting with Conceptsp. 61
Technology Processesp. 61
Key Principlesp. 62
Mining Datap. 63
Things That Thinkp. 64
Predicting Next Stepsp. 64
Solving Problemsp. 65
Examining Ethical Issuesp. 65
Answers to Technology Terms and Key Principles Exercisesp. 65
Special Features
Hot Wired: All Together Nowp. 6
E-thics: Crossing the Digital Dividep. 9
Drivers: Larry Ellisonp. 12
E-thics: The Internet Is the Water Coolerp. 13
Computers in Your Future: Webmasterp. 15
Globe Trotting: Connecting Native Americansp. 19
Hot Wired: Wearable PCsp. 23
Upstarts: David Versus Goliathp. 24
Computers in Your Future: Computer Network Technicianp. 49
Glossaryp. 1
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.