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Pharmacy Practice for Technicians

ISBN-10: 0763800996

ISBN-13: 9780763800994

Edition: N/A

Authors: Don A. Ballington

List price: $27.95
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Description:

An introduction to techniques and procedures necessary to prepare and dispense medications according to physician's requests. Coverage includes pharmacy law, ethics for technicians, dosage forms and delivery systems, billing and inventory management, hospital pharmacy practice, and human relations. Appends a number of laboratory exercises for each of the 12 chapters. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Book details

List price: $27.95
Publisher: EMC/Paradigm Publishing
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 377
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.936
Language: English

Prefacep. vii
The Pharmacy Technicianp. 1
Ancient Originsp. 1
The Roles of the Pharmacistp. 2
Evolution of the Pharmacist's Rolesp. 2
Duties of the Pharmacistp. 4
Education and Licensing Requirements for Pharmacistsp. 4
The Roles of the Pharmacy Technicianp. 5
Work Environments and Conditionsp. 5
Characteristics of the Pharmacy Technicianp. 5
Training, Certification, Pay, and Job Outlookp. 6
The Pharmacy Workplacep. 6
Community, or Retail, Pharmaciesp. 6
Hospital Pharmaciesp. 7
Other Pharmacy Workplacesp. 8
Home Healthcare Systemsp. 8
Long-term Care Facilitiesp. 9
Chapter Summaryp. 10
Chapter Reviewp. 11
Pharmacy Law, Standards, and Ethics for Techniciansp. 15
The Need for Drug Controlp. 15
A Brief History of Statutory Pharmacy Lawp. 16
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906p. 16
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) of 1938p. 17
Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951p. 18
Kefaufver-Harris Amendment of 1962p. 18
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970p. 19
Poison Prevention Act of 1970p. 19
Drug Listing Act of 1972p. 20
Orphan Drug Act of 1983p. 20
Drug Price Competition and Patent-Term Restoration Act of 1984p. 20
Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987p. 20
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (OBRA-90)p. 20
FDA Modernization Actp. 21
Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994p. 21
National Oversight Agenciesp. 22
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)p. 22
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)p. 23
National Association of the Boards of Pharmacy (NABP)p. 23
State Boards of Pharmacy and Legal Duties of Pharmacy Personnelp. 25
Violation of Law and Regulationp. 29
Civil Lawp. 29
Law of Agency and Contractsp. 29
Tortsp. 30
Codes of Ethicsp. 31
Chapter Summaryp. 33
Chapter Reviewp. 34
Pharmaceutical Terminology and Abbreviationsp. 39
Greek and Latin Word Partsp. 39
Drug Nomenclaturep. 47
Important Terminologyp. 49
The Language of Prescriptions and Medication Ordersp. 52
Chapter Summaryp. 59
Chapter Reviewp. 60
Drugs, Dosage Forms, and Delivery Systemsp. 65
Pharmaceuticalsp. 65
Drug Referencesp. 65
National Drug Code (NDC)p. 66
Classes of Drugsp. 66
Sources of Drugsp. 66
Drugs from Natural Sourcesp. 67
Synthetic, Synthesized, and Semisynthetic Drugsp. 67
Radiopharmacuticalsp. 69
Uses of Drugsp. 69
Therapeutic Agentsp. 69
Pharmacodynamic Agentsp. 69
Diagnostic Agentsp. 70
Prophylactic Agentsp. 70
Destructive Agentsp. 70
Dosage Forms and Delivery Systemsp. 70
Solid Dosage Formsp. 71
Capsulesp. 71
Effervescent Saltsp. 73
Implants or Pelletsp. 73
Lozenges, Troches, or Pastillesp. 73
Pillsp. 73
Plastersp. 73
Powders and Granulesp. 73
Suppositoriesp. 74
Tabletsp. 74
Liquid Dosage Formsp. 76
Solutionsp. 76
Dispersionsp. 78
Gas, Vapor, and Other Dosage Formsp. 79
Delivery Systemsp. 80
Inhalation Delivery Systemsp. 80
Syringe, Injection, and Infusion Delivery Systemsp. 80
Intrauterine and Cervical Delivery Systemsp. 82
Transdermal Delivery Systems (TDS)p. 82
Other Delivery Systemsp. 83
Chapter Summaryp. 84
Chapter Reviewp. 85
Routes of Drug Administrationp. 89
Factors Influencing the Route of Administrationp. 89
Compliancep. 89
Ease of Administrationp. 89
Site of Actionp. 90
Rate of Actionp. 90
Duration of Actionp. 90
Quantity of Drugp. 90
Susceptibility of Metabolism by the Liverp. 90
Toxicityp. 90
Routes of Administrationp. 91
Oral and Peroralp. 91
Dosage Formsp. 91
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 91
Sublingual and Buccalp. 91
Dosage Formsp. 92
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 92
Epicutaneous (Topical) or Transdermalp. 92
Dosage Formsp. 92
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 92
Ocular, Conjunctival, Nasal, and Oticp. 92
Dosage Formsp. 93
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 93
Rectalp. 93
Dosage Formsp. 93
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 93
Vaginal and Urethralp. 93
Dosage Formsp. 93
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 93
Intrarespiratoryp. 93
Dosage Formsp. 94
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 94
Parenteralp. 94
Dosage Formsp. 94
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 94
More on Parenteral Administrationp. 94
Characteristics of Parenteral Preparationsp. 94
Methods of Injectionp. 95
Routes of Parenteral Administrationp. 95
Intravenousp. 95
Intradermalp. 96
Subcutaneousp. 96
Intramuscularp. 96
Chapter Summaryp. 98
Chapter Reviewp. 99
Basic Pharmaceutical Measurements and Calculationsp. 103
Systems of Pharmaceutical Measurementp. 104
The Metric Systemp. 104
Common Measurep. 106
Roman Numeralsp. 106
Basic Mathematics Used in Pharmacy Practicep. 108
Fractionsp. 108
Adding and Subtracting Fractionsp. 109
Multiplying and Dividing Fractionsp. 110
Decimalsp. 111
Converting Fractions to Decimal Equivalentsp. 112
Converting Decimals to Fractionsp. 112
Adding and Subtracting Decimalsp. 113
Multiplying Decimalsp. 113
Dividing Decimalsp. 113
Rounding Off Decimalsp. 114
Ratios and Proportionsp. 114
Percentsp. 116
Changing a Ratio to a Percentp. 116
Changing a Percent to a Ratiop. 117
Changing a Percent to a Decimalp. 117
Common Calculations in the Pharmacyp. 117
Converting Measures between the Metric and Apothecary Systemsp. 117
Calculation of Dosagesp. 120
Electrolytesp. 122
Understanding Millimoles and Millequivalentsp. 122
Determining the Milliequivalents of Compoundsp. 123
Converting between Milligrams and Milliequivalentsp. 123
Measuring Electrolytesp. 124
Specific Gravityp. 124
Calculation of IV Rate and Administrationp. 125
Preparation of Solutionsp. 127
Preparing Solutions Using Powdersp. 127
Working with Dilutionsp. 128
Using Alligation to Prepare Solutionsp. 129
Business Math Used in Pharmacy Practicep. 131
Markupp. 132
Discountp. 132
Average Wholesale Price (AWP) Applicationsp. 133
Capitation Feep. 134
Inventory Managementp. 134
Chapter Summaryp. 136
Chapter Reviewp. 137
Dispensing, Billing, and Inventory Managementp. 143
Community Pharmacy Operationsp. 143
Technician Duties Related to Dispensing Over-the-Counter Drugsp. 143
Technician Duties Related to Dispensing Prescription Drugsp. 144
Receiving and Reviewing Prescriptionsp. 144
Preparing, Checking, and Updating the Patient Profilep. 149
Policies and Procedures for Patient Profilesp. 150
Updating the Patient Profilep. 150
Managing Computer Systemsp. 150
The Parts of a Computer Systemp. 152
How Pharmacy Computer Systems Workp. 153
Selecting and Preparing Medicationsp. 154
Preparing Oral Dosage Formsp. 154
Extemporaneous Compoundingp. 154
Dispensing of Prepackaged Drugsp. 155
Choosing Containersp. 155
Preparing Labelsp. 156
Checking the Prescriptionp. 158
Billing and Third-Party Administrationp. 158
Purchasing, Receiving, and Inventory Controlp. 159
Purchasingp. 160
Receivingp. 160
Inventory Controlp. 161
Chapter Summaryp. 162
Chapter Reviewp. 163
Extemporaneous Compoundingp. 169
The Need for Extemporaneous Compoundingp. 169
Equipment for Weighing, Measuring, and Compoundingp. 170
Balancesp. 170
Forceps and Spatulasp. 171
Compounding Slabp. 171
Mortar and Pestlep. 172
Graduates and Pipettesp. 172
Master Formula Sheetp. 172
Technique for Weighing Pharmaceutical Ingredientsp. 173
Technique for Measuring Liquid Volumesp. 175
Comminution and Blending of Drugsp. 176
Geometric Dilution Methodp. 176
Some Examples of Compoundingp. 177
Preparation of Solutionsp. 177
Preparation of Suspensionsp. 177
Preparation of Ointments and Creamsp. 178
Preparation of Powdersp. 179
Preparation of Suppositoriesp. 179
Preparation and Filling of Capsulesp. 179
Labeling, Record Keeping, and Cleanupp. 180
Chapter Summaryp. 181
Chapter Reviewp. 182
Human Relations and Communicationsp. 185
Personal Service in the Contemporary Community Pharmacyp. 185
Attitude and Appearancep. 186
Appear Professionalp. 186
Respond to Customersp. 187
Know Your Pharmacyp. 187
Respect the Customer's Privacyp. 188
Smile and Make Eye Contactp. 188
Use Common Courtesiesp. 188
Be Sensitive to Cultural and Language Differencesp. 189
Follow the Policies and Proceduresp. 189
Do Not Dispense Medical or Pharmaceutical Advicep. 189
Telephone Courtesiesp. 190
Interprofessional Relationsp. 191
Other Aspects of Professionalismp. 191
Professional Behaviorp. 191
Verbal and Nonverbal Communicationp. 192
Harassment and Disputesp. 192
Chapter Summaryp. 193
Chapter Reviewp. 194
Hospital and Institutional Pharmacy Practicep. 197
The Functions of the Hospital or Institutional Pharmacyp. 197
The Formulary and Information Centerp. 198
Universal Precautionsp. 199
Disease, Sterilization, and Aseptic Techniquep. 200
The Development of the Germ Theory of Diseasep. 200
Microorganisms and Diseasep. 201
Virusesp. 201
Bacteriap. 201
Fungip. 201
Protozoap. 202
Asepsis and Sterilizationp. 202
Heat Sterilizationp. 202
Dry Heat Sterilizationp. 202
Mechanical Sterilizationp. 203
Gas Sterilizationp. 203
Chemical Sterilizationp. 203
Contaminationp. 203
Touchp. 203
Airp. 203
Waterp. 203
Aseptic Technique and Equipmentp. 203
Preparing Parenteralsp. 205
Equipment Used in Parenteral Preparationp. 206
Syringesp. 206
Filtersp. 206
IV Setsp. 206
Cathetersp. 210
Pumps and Controllersp. 211
IV Solutionsp. 212
Parenteral Preparation Guidelinesp. 213
Vialsp. 216
Ampulesp. 217
Preparing a Label for an IV Admixturep. 218
Medication Orders and Unit Dose Distributionp. 220
Automation in the Pharmacyp. 226
Floor Stockp. 227
Handling and Disposal of Hazardous Agentsp. 227
Receipt and Storage of Hazardous Agentsp. 229
Protective Clothingp. 229
Technique for Handling Hazardous Agentsp. 229
Hazardous Agent Spillsp. 231
Procedures in Case of Exposurep. 232
Nonparenteral Hazardous Dosage Formsp. 232
Chapter Summaryp. 232
Chapter Reviewp. 233
Your Future in Pharmacy Practicep. 237
Increasing Your Employabilityp. 237
Certification and the National Certification Examinationp. 238
Recertificationp. 238
Adjusting to the Work Environmentp. 241
The Job Searchp. 243
Clarify Your Career Goalsp. 243
Write a Good Resumep. 243
Establish a Networkp. 244
Identify and Research Potential Employersp. 244
Write a Strong Cover Letterp. 244
Prepare for the Interviewp. 245
Trends in Pharmacy Practicep. 247
New Medicines and New Drug Development Technologiesp. 248
New Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Mechanismsp. 248
Roboticsp. 248
Higher Professional Standardsp. 249
Continued Growth in Clinical Applicationsp. 249
Increased Emphasis on Home Healthcarep. 249
Increased Technician Responsibility and Specializationp. 249
Web Pharmaciesp. 249
Online Reference Worksp. 249
Increase in Geriatric Applicationsp. 249
Chapter Summaryp. 250
Chapter Reviewp. 251
Common Prescription Abbreviationsp. 255
Common Categories of Drugsp. 257
Reference Lab Valuesp. 261
Resourcesp. 263
Guide to Preventing Prescription Errorsp. 273
Indexp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.