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Impact of Birthing Practices on Breastfeeding

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ISBN-10: 0763763748

ISBN-13: 9780763763749

Edition: 2nd 2010 (Revised)

Authors: Linda J. Smith, Mary Kroeger

List price: $68.99
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Description:

This text examines the research and evidence connecting birth practices to breastfeeding outcomes. It takes an in-depth look at the post-birth experiences of the mother and baby, using the babyrsquo;s health as the vehicle and the intact mother-baby dyad as the model to address birth practices that affect breastfeeding. The Second Edition has been completely revised to include new information on infant outcomes, including epidural anesthesia and Cesarean surgery, clinical strategies for helping the mother and baby recover from birth injuries, medications and complications, and information on Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiatives with a Mother-Friendly Module. New Chapters Include: Companion(s)…    
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Book details

List price: $68.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 10/1/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 248
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

Foreword
Foreword
Foreword
Foreword
Introduction to the Second Edition
Acknowledgments
Historical Perspectives on Childbirth and Breastfeeding
The Location for Birth Matters: Home Birth and Institutional Delivery
The Natural Childbirth Movement in the West
La Leche League International
The Natural Childbirth Movement Grows
Breastfeeding Rates Are Tracked Separately from Birth Outcomes
Global Perspective on Birth, Breastfeeding, and Maternal and Infant Survival
Safe Motherhood and Other Initiatives
Professional Responsibility for Breastfeeding Success
Innocenti Declarations of 1990 and 2005: Call to Action
Back to...the Future
References
Evidence-Based Practice in Perinatal Care
Informed Consent
What Evidence Really Counts?
Challenges of Research on Childbirth and Lactation
Resources for Evidence-Based Maternity Care
Evidence-Based Breastfeeding Practices
The Politics of Research
Oxytocin, "The Love Hormone"
Technology: Overuse and Underuse
Breaking Through the Cul-de-Sac
Interventions Can Cascade
Research Gaps Still Exist
Summary Points for Evidence-Based Practice in Perinatal Care
References
Companion(s) of the Mother's Choice
Background
Labor Support and Birth Outcomes
Labor Support and Breastfeeding Outcomes
Labor Support in Resource-Poor Settings
Staff Acceptance or Resistance to Labor Companions
Labor Companions and Training Programs
Summary Points for Companion(s) of the Mother's Choice
References
Cascade of Interventions: Physics, Forces, and Mechanics
Nerves and Muscles Control Movement
Cranial Bones Surround the Developing Infant Brain
Mechanical Forces and Instruments During Birth
Physics and Forces During Cesarean Delivery
Muscle Responses and Mispatterning
Effect of Analgesia and Anesthesia on Nerve Function
Implications of Poor Suck-Swallow-Breathe
Conclusions
Summary Points for Cascade of Interventions: Physics, Forces, and Mechanics
References
Cascade of Interventions: Chance or Choice? The "Seduction of Induction"
Predictability in Parturition
Outcomes of Labor Induction
Effects on Breastfeeding
Practice Implications
Summary Points for Cascade of Interventions: Chance or Choice
References
Modifiable Labor Influences: Freely Move About, or "Gravity Works"
Background
Position in the First Stage of Labor
Position During the Second Stage of Labor
Electronic Fetal Monitoring
Maternal Labor Position in Childbirth Around the World
Conclusions
Summary Points for Modifiable Labor Influences: Freely Move About, or "Gravity Works"
References
Modifiable Labor Influences: Eat and Drink, or "Labor Is Work"
Why Is Nutrition and Oral Hydration During Labor Still Controversial?
Effects of IV Hydration on Maternal Stress, Breast Edema, and Lactogenesis
Effects of IV Hydration on Infant Status, Ability to Feed, and Risk of Supplementation
Other Effects of IV Hydration and Caloric Restriction in Labor
Glohal Aspects of Hydration in Labor
Conclusions
Summary Points for Modifiable Labor Influences: Eat and Drink, or "Labor Is Work"
References
Modifiable Labor Influences: Labor Pain Management
Background
Effect of Labor Drugs on the Infant
Effect of Labor Drugs on Maternal Physiology and Breastfeeding Initiation
Labor Pain Relief and Medication Use Around the World
Nonpharmacologic Pain Relief Strategies
Conclusions
Summary Points for Modifiable Labor Influences: Labor Pain Management
References
Modifiable Birth Influences: Surgery and Trauma
Cesarean Surgery
Birth Injuries to the Mother and Baby
Adrenalin Versus Oxytocin: Fear, Stress, and Hormone Effects
Labor Stress and Lactogenesis
Postpartum Bleeding
Long-Term Effects of Birth Interventions
Natural Protections Against Stress for Mother and Baby
Cumulative Stresses from Induction, Epidural Anesthesia, and Surgery
Summary Points for Modifiable Birth Influences: Surgery and Trauma
References
Restoration and Recovery
Immediate and Sustained Skin-to-Skin Contact
Risk of Separation, Pain, and Newborn Procedures That Affect Feeding
Risks of Supplements
The ABC Protocol: Access, Breastmilk Transfer, Maternal Comfort
BFHI: Policies That Protect, Promote, and Support the Birth-Breastfeeding Continuum
The BFHI's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding
Public Health Implications
Summary Points for Restoration and Recovery
References
Appendix: Resources
Index