Racial and Ethnic Groups in America

ISBN-10: 0757503012

ISBN-13: 9780757503016

Edition: 5th 2003

Authors: Juan L. Gonzales

List price: $73.61
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Book details

List price: $73.61
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company
Binding: Hardcover
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Theories of Race and Immigration
The Origins of Racial and Ethnic Groupsp. 03
Race Relations in Americap. 03
What Is a Minority Group?p. 04
History of Unequal Treatmentp. 05
Distinctive Characteristicsp. 06
The Labeling Theory of Racep. 06
Involuntary Membershipp. 07
In-group Marriagep. 07
Awareness of Subordinate Statusp. 08
Types of Minority Groupsp. 09
Racial Groupsp. 09
Ethnic Groupsp. 09
Nationality Groupsp. 10
Religious Groupsp. 10
Gender Groupsp. 11
Evolving Minoritiesp. 11
The Creation of Minority Groupsp. 12
Voluntary Migrationp. 12
Involuntary Migrationp. 13
Political Annexationp. 13
Colonial Expansionp. 14
Internal Colonialismp. 14
The Origins of Social Darwinismp. 15
Early Explanations for Racial Differentiationp. 16
Racial Theories and Racial Diversityp. 17
The Concept of Racep. 18
Chapter Summaryp. 19
Referencesp. 21
The Nature of Prejudice and Discriminationp. 25
The Definition of Prejudicep. 25
Characteristics of Prejudicep. 26
Over-Categorizationp. 26
Misconceptionsp. 27
Prejudgmentsp. 27
Rationalizationp. 27
Value Judgmentsp. 28
Theories of Prejudicep. 28
The Exploitation Theoryp. 28
Scapegoating Theoryp. 29
Authoritarian Personalityp. 30
The Ecological Theoryp. 31
The Linguistic Theoryp. 32
Stereotypes and Prejudicep. 33
Measuring Prejudicep. 35
Types of Discriminationp. 36
Economic Discriminationp. 37
Labor Market Discriminationp. 38
The Split Labor Market Theoryp. 39
Educational Discriminationp. 41
Housing Discriminationp. 42
Sex Discriminationp. 43
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 45
Chapter Summaryp. 47
Referencesp. 48
Minority-Majority Relationsp. 55
The Concept of Assimilationp. 55
The Anglo-Centric Perspectivep. 56
The Melting Pot Theoryp. 56
Cultural Monismp. 57
Cultural Pluralismp. 57
Cultural Nationalismp. 58
Theories of Assimilationp. 59
Park's Contact Theoryp. 59
Bogardus' Immigrant Studiesp. 60
Park's Marginal Man Theoryp. 60
Stonequist's Marginal Man Theoryp. 60
Banton's Six Orders of Race Relationsp. 61
The Paternalistic and Competitive Modelsp. 61
Blumer on Race Relationsp. 62
Warner on Caste and Racep. 62
Cox on Caste and Racep. 63
A Comparison of Class, Caste, and Estatep. 63
Gordon's Ethclassp. 64
Randsford's Class within a Caste Modelp. 65
Assimilation in American Lifep. 65
Factors Affecting the Rate of Assimilationp. 66
Racial Factorsp. 66
Cultural Factorsp. 67
Human Capital Factorsp. 67
Sociological-Demographic Factorsp. 68
Political-Economic Factorsp. 69
Georgraphic Factorsp. 69
Chapter Summaryp. 70
Referencesp. 71
Immigration and Settlement: The American Mosaicp. 75
A Nation of Immigrantsp. 75
The Causes of Immigrationp. 76
An Overview of U.S. Immigration: 1820-2000p. 77
The 1965 Immigration Reform Actp. 78
Immigration Reforms Since 1965p. 80
The Impact of Immigration Reforms: 1960-2000p. 82
Asian Immigration: 1965-2000p. 83
Asian Population Projections: 1980-2030p. 88
Chapter Summaryp. 89
Referencesp. 90
The Asian American Experience
The Chinese American Experiencep. 97
Introductionp. 97
Pioneers in the Labor Marketp. 98
The Anti-Chinese Movementp. 101
The Social Organization of Chinatownp. 105
Social Problems in Chinatown: 1850-1900p. 106
Family and Kinship Patternsp. 107
A Demographic Profilep. 110
Chapter Summaryp. 114
Referencesp. 115
The Japanese American Experiencep. 125
Japanese Immigration to Hawaiip. 125
Japanese Immigration to Californiap. 125
The Flow of Japanese Immigrantsp. 127
Immigration Restrictions: 1900-1924p. 128
Japanese American Culturep. 130
Wartime Evacuation and Relocationp. 131
Life in the Relocation Campsp. 132
The 100th Infantry and the 442ndp. 133
Was the Evacuation and Internment Necessary?p. 133
Who Was Responsible for the Mass Incarceration?p. 134
The Post War Years: The Nisei Generationp. 135
The Sansei: The New Generationp. 135
The Japanese American Familyp. 136
A Demographic Profilep. 138
Japanese American Civil Rightsp. 140
Political Representation and Political Gainsp. 140
Chapter Summaryp. 141
Referencesp. 143
The Korean American Experiencep. 153
Introductionp. 153
The Background to Korean Immigrationp. 153
Korean Immigration to Hawaiip. 154
Second Wave Korean Immigrantsp. 155
The New Wave Immigrantsp. 157
Chapter Summaryp. 161
Referencesp. 163
The Filipino American Experiencep. 171
Introductionp. 171
The Origins of Filipino Immigrationp. 172
Filipinos in Hawaiip. 173
Filipinos in Californiap. 174
Third Wave Filipino Immigrationp. 175
The New Wave Filipino Generationp. 176
Filipino Americans Todayp. 180
Chapter Summaryp. 182
Referencesp. 183
The Asian Indian Experiencep. 191
Introductionp. 191
Reasons for Asian Indian Immigrationp. 191
Asian Indians in Canadap. 192
Asian Indian Settlement in Californiap. 192
The Sikhs and Sikhismp. 193
Immigration Restrictions on Asian Indiansp. 194
Termination of Immigration: 1915-1944p. 196
Second Wave Immigrants: 1945-1965p. 196
Third Wave Immigrants: 1966-2000p. 197
Asian Indians in the U.S. Todayp. 198
Chapter Summaryp. 199
Referencesp. 202
The Latino American Experience
The Mexican American Experiencep. 211
Mexicans in the Southwest: 1821-1929p. 211
The Great Depressionp. 213
The Bracero Programp. 214
The INS and Operation Wetbackp. 215
The Sleepy Lagoon Casep. 216
The Zoot Suit Riotsp. 216
The Post War Periodp. 217
Political History and Political Participationp. 218
Mexican American Political Representationp. 220
The Mexican American Familyp. 220
Mexican Americans: A Demographic Profilep. 221
Population Growth and Fertility Rates Among Mexican Americans Todayp. 222
Annual Income and Occupational Distributionp. 223
Mexican Americans: A Case of Educational Neglectp. 225
Undocumented Mexican Immigrationp. 226
Chapter Summaryp. 229
Referencesp. 230
The Puerto Rican Experiencep. 241
Ethnic Identity: Latino or Hispanic?p. 241
Introductionp. 243
The Conquest of Puerto Ricop. 243
The American Influencep. 244
Background to Puerto Rican Migrationp. 245
The Pioneer Migration: 1900-1945p. 246
The Great Migration: 1946-1964p. 246
The Revolving Door Migration: 1965-2000p. 247
The Puerto Rican Familyp. 249
Occupational Distributionp. 251
Poverty and Economic Conditionsp. 252
The Failure of Public Educationp. 253
Chapter Summaryp. 254
Referencesp. 256
The Cuban American Experiencep. 265
Introductionp. 265
Cuba: An Historical Sketchp. 266
An Overview of Cuban Immigrationp. 267
The Cuban Community in Miamip. 269
Income, Occupation, and Educationp. 270
The Cuban American Familyp. 273
Chapter Summaryp. 275
Referencesp. 277
The African American Experience
The African American Experiencep. 285
Introduction: The Slave Tradep. 285
Africans in the New Worldp. 285
The Institution of Slaveryp. 286
The Abolitionist Movementp. 288
The Civil War and Reconstructionp. 289
Jim Crow Segregationp. 289
A New Life in the Industrial Northp. 290
The Great Depression and World War IIp. 290
Post War Race Relationsp. 291
Public School Desegregationp. 291
The Civil Rights Movementp. 292
Urban Unrest and Racial Violencep. 294
The Rise of Black Nationalismp. 295
The African American Familyp. 295
Educational Neglect in the African American Communityp. 297
African Americans and the Income Gapp. 298
Political Participation among African Americansp. 299
The Question of Social Progressp. 301
Chapter Summaryp. 302
Referencesp. 304
The Native American Experience
The Native American Experiencep. 315
Introductionp. 315
The First Americansp. 315
First Contact with European Settlersp. 316
Repression and Control of Native Americansp. 317
Getting Out of the Indian Businessp. 318
BIA Urban Relocation Programsp. 319
The BIA and the Reservation Systemp. 320
Who Is an Indian?p. 321
A Demographic Profile of Native Americansp. 321
Occupational Distribution and Social Mobilityp. 323
Poverty and the Income Gapp. 324
The Education Gapp. 325
Red Power and Pan Indianismp. 327
Chapter Summaryp. 328
Referencesp. 330
The White Ethnic Experience
The Jewish American Experiencep. 339
Introductionp. 339
Jewish Immigration to Americap. 340
Jewish Religious Beliefsp. 343
Anti-Semitism in Americap. 346
Geographic Distributionp. 347
Demographic Characteristicsp. 349
Occupation and Incomep. 350
Educational Achievementp. 351
The Jewish American Familyp. 352
Intermarriage and Assimilationp. 353
Chapter Summaryp. 355
Referencesp. 356
The Irish American Experiencep. 365
Introductionp. 365
Pre-Famine Immigration: 1492-1840p. 365
Historical Antecedents to the Famine Immigrationp. 366
Background to the Irish Faminep. 368
The Great Migration: 1841-1900p. 369
Irish Settlement in Americap. 371
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 372
The Irish Labor Movementp. 373
The Irish and Urban Politicsp. 375
Social Mobility Among the Irishp. 377
Chapter Summaryp. 379
Referencesp. 381
The Italian American Experiencep. 387
Introductionp. 387
The Flow of Italian Immigrantsp. 388
Immigration to Americap. 390
The Urban Village in Americap. 391
The Padrone and Self Help Networkp. 392
Mutual Benefit Associationsp. 392
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 393
Xenophobia and Ethnic Violencep. 394
Italians in the Labor Marketp. 395
Social and Economic Mobilityp. 396
Italian Americans Todayp. 398
Chapter Summaryp. 399
Referencesp. 400
The Experiences of Ethnic Women
Ethnic Women in Americap. 409
Introductionp. 409
Women in America Todayp. 410
Minority Women: A Case of Double Jeopardyp. 415
The Lives of African American Womenp. 416
La Chicana: The Mexican American Womanp. 418
Chinese American Womenp. 421
Japanese American Womenp. 424
Chapter Summaryp. 426
Referencesp. 428
Appendix Ap. 437
Appendix Bp. 438
Name Indexp. 441
Subject Indexp. 443
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