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EMC for Product Designers

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ISBN-10: 0750681705

ISBN-13: 9780750681704

Edition: 4th 2007

Authors: Tim Williams

List price: $83.95
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Description:

Widely regarded as the standard text on EMC, Tim Williams??? book provides all the key information needed to meet the requirements of the latest EMC Directive. Most importantly, it shows how to incorporate EMC principles into the product design process, avoiding cost and performance penalties, meeting the needs of specific standards and resulting in a better overall product. As well as covering the very latest legal requirements, the fourth edition has been thoroughly updated in line with the latest best practice in EMC compliance and product design. Coverage has been considerably expanded to include the R&TTE and Automotive EMC Directives, as well the military aerospace standards of DEF STAN 59-41 and DO160E. A new chapter on systems EMC is included, while short case studies demonstrate how EMC product design is put into practice. Tim Williams has worked for a variety of companies as an electronic design engineer over the last 25 years. He has monitored the progress of the EMC Directive and its associated standards since it was first made public. He now runs his own consultancy specialising in EMC design and test advice and training. * Includes the compliance procedures of the latest EMC Directive: 2004/108/EC * Short case studies demonstrating how EMC product design is put into practice. * Packed full with many new chapters including: - The R&TTE Directive and the Automotive EMC Directive looking at compliance aspects of radio and telecom terminal equipment and automotive electronic products - New chapter on military aerospace standards of DEP STAN 59-41 and DO1 60E - New chapter on systems EMC
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Book details

List price: $83.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 12/5/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 0.924
Language: English

Preface
Legislation and standards
Introduction
What is EMC?
Portable electronic devices in aircraft
Interference to medical devices
Thermostats
The quacking duck
Compatibility between and within systems
Intra-system EMC
Inter-system EMC
When intra-system meets inter-system
The scope of EMC
Malfunction of control systems
Immunity of data and programme processing
Interference with radio reception
Disturbances of the mains supply
Power line telecoms
Other EMC issues
The compatibility gap
Electromagnetic fields and human health
ICNIRP basic restrictions
Athermal effects
The EMC Directive
History
The New Approach Directives
Background to the legislation
The first EMC Directive
The second EMC Directive
What changes?
Scope, requirements and exceptions
The CE mark and the paperwork
Manufacturing quality assessment
Fixed installations
Systems
Implementation, enforcement and sanctions
Compliance of apparatus with the Directive
Self certification and internal production control
The notified body
Testing
Using standards
Action for compliance for a product manufacturer
The R&TTE Directive
The implementation of the R&TTE Directive
Scope
Requirements
The process of conformity assessment
Procedures
Classes of radio transmitter
Notification
Information requirements
Marking of equipment and documentation
Commercial standards
The standards making bodies
The International Electrotechnical Commission
CENELEC and ETSI
Generic standards - emissions
EN 61000-6-3: 2001 + A11: 2004
EN 61000-6-4: 2001
Main product standards: emissions
EN 55011: 1998 + A1: 1999 + A2: 2002
EN 55014-1: 2000 + A1: 2001 + A2: 2002
EN 55022: 1998 + A1: 2000 + A2: 2003
Generic standards - immunity
EN 61000-6-1: 2001
EN 61000-6-2: 2005
Basic Standards - EN 61000-3-X and -4-X
EN 61000-3-X
EN 61000-4-X
Product standards
Broadcast receivers and associated equipment
Household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus
Lighting equipment
Information technology equipment
Professional AV and entertainment lighting equipment
Equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use
Fire, intruder and social alarm systems
Telecommunication network equipment
Radio equipment
Marine navigation equipment
Medical electrical equipment
Future multi-media
Other product standards
Other Standards not related to the EMC Directive
FCC Rules
Measurement standards
RF emissions limits
Other standards and legislation
Automotive
The Automotive EMC Directive
ISO, CISPR and SAE standards
Vehicle manufacturers
Specialist requirements
Military
DEF STAN 59-41
MIL STD 461
Aerospace
DO-160/ED-14
Rail
Railway Group Standards
London Underground standards
EN 50121
Testing
RF emissions measurements
Emissions measuring instruments
Measuring receiver
Spectrum analyser
Receiver specifications
Transducers
Antennas for radiated field
LISNs and probes for cable measurements
Near field probes
The GTEM for emissions tests
Sites and facilities
Radiated emissions
Test methods
Test set-up
Test procedure
Tests above 1GHz
Military emissions tests
Measurement uncertainty
Applying measurement uncertainly
Sources of uncertainty
Immunity tests
RF immunity
Equipment
Facilities
Test methods
Conducted RF immunity
Measurement uncertainly for RF immunity
ESD and transient immunity
ESD
Electrical fast transient (EFT) bursts
Surge
Other transient immunity tests
Sources of variability
Measurement uncertainty for transient tests
Military susceptibility tests
Continuous LF and RF susceptibility
Transient susceptibility
Low frequency tests
Mains harmonic and flicker emission
Equipment
Test conditions
Equipment classification and limits
Flicker
Magnetic field and power quality immunity
Magnetic field
Voltage dips and interrupts
Test planning
The need for a test plan
The requirements of accreditation
The requirements of standards
The requirements of the customer
Contents of the test plan
Description of the equipment under test (EUT)
Statement of test objectives
The tests to be performed
EUT exercising software and ancillary equipment or simulators
Requirements of the test facility
Details of the test set-up
How to evaluate test results
Immunity performance criteria
The generic criteria
Interpreting the generic criteria
Design
Interference coupling mechanisms
Source and victim
Common impedance coupling
Distributed near field coupling
Mains coupling
Radiated coupling
Coupling modes
Emissions
Radiated emissions
Conducted emissions
Immunity
Radiated field
Transients
Electrostatic discharge
LF magnetic fields
Supply voltage phenomena
Mains harmonics
The supplier's problem
Non-linear loads
Layout and grounding
Equipment layout and grounding
System partitioning
Grounding
Ground systems
PCB layout
Ground layout without a ground plane
Using a ground plane
Configuring I/O and circuit grounds
Rules for PCB layout
Digital and analogue circuit design
Design for emissions control
The Fourier spectrum
Radiation from logic circuits
Digital circuit decoupling
Analogue circuits: emissions
The switching power supply
Other power switching circuits
Design for immunity
Digital circuits: interference paths
Logic noise immunity
Signal integrity and ground bounce
The microprocessor watchdog
Defensive programming
Transient and RF immunity - analogue circuits
Interfaces and filtering
Cables and connectors
The mode of propagation
Cable return currents
Crosstalk
Cable screens at low frequencies
Cable screens at RF
Types of cable screen
Screened cable connections
Unscreened cables
Structured cabling: UTP versus STP
Filtering and suppression
Filter configuration
Components
Mains filters
I/O filtering
Transient suppression
Contact suppression
Shielding
Shielding theory
Shielding theory for an infinite barrier
LF magnetic fields
The effect of apertures
The shield as ground reference
The image plane
Shielding practice
Shielding hardware
Conductive coatings
Windows and ventilation slots
Shields on the PCB
Standardization of enclosure SE
Systems EMC
System versus product EMC
Compliance requirements
Functional requirements
Earthing and bonding
The purpose of the earth
Installation techniques for multi-purpose earthing
Earth conductors
Bonding techniques
Cabinets, cubicles and chambers
Transfer impedance of the earth reference
Layout and placement within the enclosure
Conductive hardware
Installation and maintenance of screened enclosures
Cabling
Cable classification, segregation and routing
Parallel Earth Conductor (PEC) techniques
Lightning protection
How lightning phenomena can affect electronic apparatus
Overview of design of a lightning protection system (LPS)
EMC Management
Managing the EMC process
Putting EMC in context
The EMC co-ordinator
The design process
The product specification
Design rules
Design reviews
Identifying EMC-critical aspects
Test management
When to do the tests
In-house or external?
The various types of report
Compliance during production and beyond
Degrees of quality assurance
Production QA testing
Engineering change control
The control plan and documentation for Directives
The purpose of the control plan
The EMC Assessment
Contents
Design checklist
CAD for EMC
Overview
Modelling packages
Circuit CAD
Case studies
Cockpit display
Liquid tank sensor
The problem with wall-warts
The dipole problem: a box in two halves
Useful tables and formulae
The deciBel
Antennas
Fields
Shielding
Capacitance, inductance and PCB layout
Filters
Fourier series
The EU and EEA countries
Glossary
Bibliography
Index