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Cctv Networking and Digital Technology

ISBN-10: 0750678003

ISBN-13: 9780750678001

Edition: 2nd 2005 (Revised)

Authors: Vlado Damjanovski

List price: $112.00
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Description:

Closed circuit television (CCTV) is experiencing a leap in technology using digital techniques and the Internet. The new edition of this high-level professional reference retains the particulars that made the first edition a success, including the details of CCD cameras, lenses, coaxial cables, fiber-optics, and system design, but it is expanded to cover all video compression techniques used in the ever increasing assortment of digital video recorders (DVRs) available on the market today. It also serves to clarify the technology of data networking. The theoretical section explains the various compression techniques, such as MPEG-1, MPEG-2, JPEG, Wavelet, H.261/263, JPEG-2000, MPEG-4, etc. Networking is also a new and unknown area for many CCTV installers and this is explained in a brand new section. The challenge of selecting the right system from such a wide variety of new technologies available in CCTV has been compounded by the advent of DVRs. This new edition of the book CCTV demystifies DVR technology. -Covers brand new digital video recorder (DVR) compression techniques, image quality, measuring and networking -Fully illustrated with dozens of photographs, tables, checklists, charts, diagrams and instructions -Encompasses CCTV standards for U.S., Europe, and Australia
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Book details

List price: $112.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 8/4/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 584
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.938
Language: English

Vlado Damjanovski is an internationally renowned CCTV expert. He was born in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, and since 1987 he lives in Sydney, Australia. Vlado has a degree in Electronics Engineering from the University "Kiril i Metodij" in Macedonia, and he has specialized in Television and CCTV. His Thesis in 1982 was on CCD Cameras, 10 years before they became commercially available. Vlado is an author, inventor, a lecturer and a CCTV expert, known to the Australian and international CCTV industry. A summary of the ever-evolving CCTV knowledge that Vlado possess first appeared in 1995 in his first published book - called simply "CCTV." This was one of the first truly complete reference manuals on the subject of CCTV. All subsequent editions, 1999, 2005, and the latest in 2013, have kept expanding with all the new and ever-evolving technology. The books cover all that a CCTV specialist needs to know. Many have referred to the book as "The CCTV Bible," so that even the official Russian translation of it carries such a title. In addition to writing books and conducting seminars, Vlado is involved in designing and commissioning CCTV systems, often pioneering new trends and technologies. One of the world first digital CCTV system designs was done by Vlado for the Star City Casino in 1997, where gaming disputes are sorted out immediately at the gaming tables. Then, in 2003, another new design was proposed for the Sands Casino in Macao - first in the world utilizing digital matrix switching of over 1,200 cameras and digital recorders. Vlado was the editor and publisher of the international magazine "CCTV focus," from 1999 till 2006. Vlado is currently the chairman of the CCTV Standards sub-committee of Australia and New Zealand, and he has contributed immensely in creating the latest Australian and New Zealand CCTV standards known as AS4806.1, AS4806.2 and AS4806.3. The CCTV test chart and the programmable test pattern generator are some of the original and unique products developed by Vlado and his company, and they are used in various measurement and quantifying CCTV system performance. Vlado is also known for his photographic works, albeit as an amateur. He has prepared a number of sole exhibitions in his native Macedonia as well as Australia, published his work in many magazines and books, and won numerous awards (www.damjanovski.com).

Preface
Introduction
SI units of measurement
The basic units
Derived units
Metric prefixes
Light and television
A little bit of history
Light basics and the human eye
Light units
Measuring object illumination in CCTV
Light onto an imaging device
Colors in television
Color temperatures and light sources
Eye persistence
Optics in CCTV
Refraction
Lenses as optical elements
Geometrical construction of images
Aspherical lenses
CTF and MTF
F and T numbers
Depth of field
Neutral density (ND) filters
Manual, auto, and motorized iris lenses
Video- and DC-driven auto iris lenses
Auto Iris lens electronics
Image and lens formats in CCTV
Angles of view and how to determine them
Fixed focal length lenses
Zoom lenses
C- and CS-mount and back-focus
Back-focus adjustment
Optical accessories in CCTV
General characteristics of television systems
A little bit of history
The very basics of television
The video signal and its spectrum
Color video signal
Resolution
Instruments commonly used in TV
Oscilloscope
Spectrum analyzer
Vectorscope
Television systems around the world
HDTV
CCTV cameras
General information about cameras
Tube cameras
CCD cameras
Sensitivity and resolution of the CCD chips
Types of charge transfer in CCDs
Pulses used in CCD for transferring charges
CCD chip as a sampler
Correlated double sampling (CDS)
Camera specifications and their meanings
Sensitivity
Minimum illumination
Camera resolution
Signal/noise ratio (S/N)
Dynamic range of a CCD chip
Color CCD cameras
White balance
CMOS technology
Special low-light intensified cameras
Camera power supplies and copper conductors
V-phase adjustment
Camera checklist
CCTV monitors
General about monitors
Monitor sizes
Monitor adjustments
Impedance switch
Viewing conditions
Gamma
LCD monitors
Projectors and projection monitors
Plasma display monitors
Field emission technology displays
Video processing equipment
Analog switching equipment
Video sequential switchers
Synchronization
Video matrix switchers (VMSs)
Switching and processing equipment
Quad compressors
Multiplexers (MUX)
Recording time delays
Simplex and duplex multiplexers
Video motion detectors (VMDs)
Framestores
Video printers
Analog video recorders
A little bit of history and the basic concept
The early VCR concepts
The video home system (VHS) concept
Super VHS, Y/C, and comb filtering
Consumer VCRs for CCTV purposes
Time-lapse VCRs (TL VCRs)
Digital video
Why digital video?
Digital video recorders (DVRs)
The various standards
ITU-601: Merging the NTSC and PAL
The resolution of ITU-601 digitized video
The need for compression
Types of compressions
DCT as a basis
The variety of compression standards in CCTV
JPEG
M-JPEG
M-JPEG
Wavelet
Motion JPEG 2000
MPEG-1
MPEG-2
MPEG-4
MPEG-7
MPEG-21
H.320
H.261
H.263
H.264
About pixels and resolution
Dots per inch (DPI)
Psychophysiology of viewing details
Recognizing faces and license plates in CCTV
Operating systems and hard disks
Hard disk drives
The different file systems
FAT (File Allocation Table)
FAT 32 (File Allocation Table 32)
NTFS (New Technology File System)
Ext2
Ext3
ReiserFS
HFS and HFS+
XFS
UFS
ATA, SCSI, RAID, and SATA
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure)
Transmission media
Coaxial cables
The concept
Noise and electromagnetic interference
Characteristic impedance
BNC connectors
Coaxial cables and proper BNC termination
Installation techniques
Time domain reflectometer (TDR)
Twisted pair video transmission
Microwave links
RF wireless (open air) video transmission
Infrared wireless (open air) video transmission
Transmission of images over telephone lines
PSTN
ISDN
Cellular network
Fiber optics
Why fiber?
The concept
Types of optical fibers
Numerical aperture
Light levels in fiber optics
Light sources in fiber optics transmission
Light detectors in fiber optics
Frequencies in fiber optics transmission
Passive components
Fusion splicing
Mechanical splicing
Fiber optics multiplexers
Fiber optics cables
Installation techniques
Fiber optic link analysis
OTDR
Networking in CCTV
The Information Technology era
Computers and networks
LAN and WAN
Ethernet
The main Ethernet categories
10 Mb/s Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)
Fast Ethernet (IEEE 802.3U)
Gigabit Ethernet (IEEE 802.3Z)
Gigabit Ethernet over Copper (IEEE 802.3AB)
10 Gigabit Ethernet
Wireless Ethernet (IEEE 802.11)
Data speed and types of network cabling
Ethernet over coax and UTP cables
Patch and crossover cables
Fiber optics network cabling
Network concepts and components
Networking software
The Internet protocols
The OSI seven-layer model of networking
The Physical layer
The Data Link layer
The Network layer
The Transport layer
The Session layer
The Presentation layer
The Application layer
IP addresses
IPv4 addressing notation
IP address classes
Class A, B, and C
Private addresses
IP address Class C
IP loopback address
Zero addresses
IP address Class D and Multicast
IP address Class E and limited broadcast
IP network partitioning
Virtual private networking (VPN)
Subnetting
IPv6 Address Types
Reserved addresses in IPv6
Domain Name Systems (DNS)
DHCP
DNS and DHCP
Networking hardware
Hubs, bridges, and switches
Routers for logical segmentation
Network ports
A network analogy example
Wireless LAN
What is 802.11?
802.11 (legacy)
802.11b
802.11a
802.11g
802.11n
Certification and security
What about Bluetooth?
Putting a network system together
The IP check commands
Auxiliary equipment in CCTV
Pan and tilt heads
Pan and tilt domes
Preset positioning P/T heads
PTZ site drivers
Camera housings
Lighting in CCTV
Infrared lights
Ground loop correctors
Lightning protection
In-line video amplifiers/equalizers
Video distribution amplifiers (VDAs)
CCTV system design
Understanding the customer's requirements
Site inspections
Designing and quoting a CCTV system
Installation considerations
Drawings
Commissioning
Training and manuals
Handing over
Preventative maintenance
Video testing
The CCTV Labs test chart
Before you start testing
Use high-quality lens
Use high-quality monitor
Setup procedure
What you can test
Resolution
Other important measurements
Getting the best possible picture
Measurement of the digital image compression quality
The CCTV Labs test pattern generator TPG-8
How you could use the TPG-8
TPG-8 buttons description
Connections
The TPG-8 Navigator software
Instruments used with the TPG-8
Test patterns and how to create them
Specifications
Common terms used in CCTV
Bibliography and acknowledgments
All the CCTV links in the world
Book co-sponsors
About the author
Index