| |

| |

Preface | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction and Motivation | |

| |

| |

The Need for Analog Designers | |

| |

| |

Some Early History of Technological Advances in Analog Integrated Circuits | |

| |

| |

Digital vs. Analog Implementation: Designer's Choice | |

| |

| |

So, Why Do We Become Analog Designers? | |

| |

| |

Note on Nomenclature in this Text | |

| |

| |

Note on Coverage in this Book | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

U.S. Patents | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Signal-Processing Basics | |

| |

| |

Review of Laplace Transforms, Transfer Functions and Pole-Zero Plots | |

| |

| |

First-Order System Response | |

| |

| |

Second-Order Systems | |

| |

| |

Review of Resonant Electrical Circuits | |

| |

| |

Use of Energy Methods to Analyze Undamped Resonant Circuits | |

| |

| |

Transfer Functions, Pole/Zero Plots and Bode Plots | |

| |

| |

Risetime for Cascaded Systems | |

| |

| |

Chapter 2 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Diode Physics and the Ideal (and Later, Nonideal) Diode | |

| |

| |

Current Flow in Insulators, Good Conductors and Semiconductors | |

| |

| |

Electrons and Holes | |

| |

| |

Drift, Diffusion, Recombination and Generation | |

| |

| |

Effects of Semiconductor Doping | |

| |

| |

PN Junction Under Thermal Equilibrium | |

| |

| |

PN Junction Under Applied Forward Bias | |

| |

| |

Reverse Biased Diode | |

| |

| |

Ideal Diode Equation | |

| |

| |

Charge Storage in Diodes | |

| |

| |

Charge Storage in the Diode Under Forward Bias | |

| |

| |

Reverse Recovery in Bipolar Diodes | |

| |

| |

Reverse Breakdown | |

| |

| |

Taking a Look at a Diode Datasheet | |

| |

| |

Some Quick Comments on Schottky Diodes | |

| |

| |

Chapter 3 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Bipolar Transistor Models | |

| |

| |

A Little Bit of History | |

| |

| |

Basic NPN Transistor | |

| |

| |

Transistor Models in Different Operating Regions | |

| |

| |

Low-Frequency Incremental Bipolar Transistor Model | |

| |

| |

High-Frequency Incremental Model | |

| |

| |

Reading a Transistor Datasheet | |

| |

| |

Limitations of Hybrid-Pi Model | |

| |

| |

Chapter 4 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Basic Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers and Biasing | |

| |

| |

The Issue of Transistor Biasing | |

| |

| |

Some Transistor Amplifiers | |

| |

| |

Chapter 5 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Bandwidth Estimation Techniques and the Method of Open-Circuit Time Constants | |

| |

| |

Introduction to Open-Circuit Time Constants | |

| |

| |

Transistor Amplifier Examples | |

| |

| |

Chapter 6 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Advanced Transistor Amplifier Techniques | |

| |

| |

Worst-Case Open-Circuit Time Constant Calculations | |

| |

| |

High-Frequency Output and Input Impedance of Emitter-Follower Buffers | |

| |

| |

Bootstrapping | |

| |

| |

Short-Circuit Time Constants | |

| |

| |

Pole Splitting | |

| |

| |

Chapter 7 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

High-Gain Bipolar Amplifiers and BJT Current Mirrors | |

| |

| |

The Need to Augment the Hybrid-Pi Model | |

| |

| |

Base-Width Modulation | |

| |

| |

Finding Parameters from a Transistor Datasheet | |

| |

| |

Common-Emitter Amplifier with Current Source Load | |

| |

| |

Building Blocks | |

| |

| |

Chapter 8 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to MOSFET Devices and Basic MOS Amplifiers | |

| |

| |

Some Early History of Field-Effect Transistors | |

| |

| |

Qualitative Discussion of Basic MOS Devices | |

| |

| |

Figuring Out the V/I Curve of a MOS Device | |

| |

| |

MOS Small-Signal Model (Low Frequency) | |

| |

| |

MOS Small-Signal Model (High Frequency) | |

| |

| |

Basic MOS Amplifiers | |

| |

| |

Chapter 9 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Bipolar Transistor Switching and the Charge Control Model | |

| |

| |

Introduction | |

| |

| |

Development of the Switching Models | |

| |

| |

Reverse-Active Region | |

| |

| |

Saturation | |

| |

| |

Junction Capacitances | |

| |

| |

Relationship Between Charge Control and Hybrid-Pi Parameters | |

| |

| |

Finding Junction Capacitances from the Datasheet | |

| |

| |

Manufacturers' Testing | |

| |

| |

Charge Control Model Examples | |

| |

| |

Emitter Switching | |

| |

| |

2N2222 Datasheet Excerpts | |

| |

| |

Chapter 10 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Feedback Systems | |

| |

| |

Introduction and Some Early History of Feedback Control | |

| |

| |

Invention of the Negative Feedback Amplifier | |

| |

| |

Control System Basics | |

| |

| |

Loop Transmission and Disturbance Rejection | |

| |

| |

Stability | |

| |

| |

Routh Stability Criterion | |

| |

| |

The Phase Margin and Gain Margin Tests | |

| |

| |

Relationship Between Damping Ratio and Phase Margin | |

| |

| |

Loop Compensation Techniques-Lead and Lag Networks | |

| |

| |

Parenthetical Comment on Some Interesting Feedback Loops | |

| |

| |

| |

MATLAB Scripts | |

| |

| |

Chapter 11 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Basic Operational Amplifier Topologies and a Case Study | |

| |

| |

Basic Device Operation | |

| |

| |

Brief Review of LM741 Op-Amp Schematic | |

| |

| |

Some Real-World Limitations of Operational Amplifiers | |

| |

| |

Chapter 12 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers | |

| |

| |

Conventional Voltage-Feedback Op-Amp and the Constant "Gain Bandwidth Product" Paradigm | |

| |

| |

Slew Rate Limitations in Conventional Op-Amps | |

| |

| |

Basic Current Feedback Op-Amp | |

| |

| |

Absence of Slew Rate Limit in Current Feedback Op-Amps | |

| |

| |

Manufacturer's Datasheet Information for a Current Feedback Amplifier | |

| |

| |

A More Detailed Model and Some Comments on Current-Feedback Op-Amp Limitations | |

| |

| |

Chapter 13 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Analog Low-Pass Filters | |

| |

| |

Introduction | |

| |

| |

Review of Low-Pass Filter Basics | |

| |

| |

Butterworth Filter | |

| |

| |

Chebyshev Filter | |

| |

| |

Bessel Filter | |

| |

| |

Comparison of Responses of Different Filter Types | |

| |

| |

Filter Implementation | |

| |

| |

Chapter 14 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Passive Components and a Case Study in PC Board Layout | |

| |

| |

Resistors | |

| |

| |

Comments on Surface-Mount Resistors | |

| |

| |

Comments on Resistor Types | |

| |

| |

Capacitors | |

| |

| |

Inductors | |

| |

| |

Discussion of Printed-Circuit Board Layout Issues | |

| |

| |

Approximate Inductance of a PC Board Trace Above a Ground Plane | |

| |

| |

Chapter 15 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

| |

Other Useful Design Techniques and Loose Ends | |

| |

| |

Thermal Circuits | |

| |

| |

Steady-State Model of Conductive Heat Transfer | |

| |

| |

Thermal Energy Storage | |

| |

| |

Using Thermal Circuit Analogies to Determine Static Semiconductor Junction Temperature | |

| |

| |

Mechanical Circuit Analogies | |

| |

| |

The Translinear Principle | |

| |

| |

Input Impedance of Infinitely Long Resistive Ladder | |

| |

| |

Transmission Lines 101 | |

| |

| |

Node Equations and Cramer's Rule | |

| |

| |

Finding Oscillation Modes | |

| |

| |

Some Comments on Scaling Laws in Nature | |

| |

| |

Chapter 16 Problems | |

| |

| |

References | |

| |

| |

Index | |

| |

| |

What's on the CD-ROM? | |