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Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers A Manual of Quick, Accurate Solutions to Everyday Process Engineering Problems

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ISBN-10: 0750675675

ISBN-13: 9780750675673

Edition: 3rd 2002 (Revised)

Authors: Carl Branan

List price: $99.95
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Description:

This book helps solve field engineering problems with its hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts and calculations. Also included are practical tips, handy formulas, correlations, curves, charts, tables that will save engineers valuable time and effort.
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Book details

List price: $99.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 10/23/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 426
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Equipment Designp. 1
Fluid Flowp. 2
Velocity headp. 3
Piping pressure dropp. 4
Equivalent lengthp. 4
Recommended velocitiesp. 5
Two-phase flowp. 7
Compressible flowp. 9
Sonic velocityp. 12
Meteringp. 12
Control valvesp. 13
Safety relief valvesp. 16
Heat Exchangersp. 19
TEMAp. 20
Selection guidesp. 24
Pressure drop shell and tubep. 27
Temperature differencep. 29
Shell diameterp. 30
Shellside velocity maximump. 30
Nozzle velocity maximump. 31
Heat transfer coefficientsp. 31
Fouling resistancesp. 38
Metal resistancesp. 40
Vacuum condensersp. 42
Air-cooled heat exchangers: forced vs induced draftp. 42
Air-cooled heat exchangers: pressure drop air sidep. 43
Air-cooled heat exchangers: rough ratingp. 44
Air-cooled heat exchangers: temperature controlp. 46
Miscellaneous rules of thumbp. 48
Fractionatorsp. 49
Introductionp. 50
Relative volatilityp. 50
Minimum refluxp. 51
Minimum stagesp. 52
Actual reflux and actual theoretical stagesp. 52
Reflux to feed ratiop. 53
Actual traysp. 54
Graphical methodsp. 54
Tray efficiencyp. 55
Diameter of bubble cap traysp. 59
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (F factor)p. 60
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (Smith)p. 61
Diameter of sieve/valve trays (Lieberman)p. 63
Diameter of ballast traysp. 63
Diameter of fractionators, generalp. 65
Control schemesp. 65
Optimization techniquesp. 69
Reboilersp. 72
Packed columnsp. 76
Absorbersp. 97
Introductionp. 98
Hydrocarbon absorber designp. 98
Hydrocarbon absorbers, optimizationp. 100
Inorganic typep. 101
Pumpsp. 104
Affinity lawsp. 105
Horsepowerp. 105
Efficiencyp. 105
Minimum flowp. 105
General suction systemp. 106
Suction system NPSH availablep. 107
Suction system NPSH for studiesp. 108
Suction system NPSH with dissolved gasp. 109
Larger impellerp. 109
Construction materialsp. 109
Compressorsp. 112
Ranges of applicationp. 113
Generalized Zp. 113
Generalized Kp. 114
Horsepower calculationp. 115
Efficiencyp. 119
Temperature risep. 121
Surge controlsp. 121
Driversp. 122
Motors: efficiencyp. 123
Motors: starter sizesp. 124
Motors: service factorp. 124
Motors: useful equationsp. 125
Motors: relative costsp. 125
Motors: overloadingp. 126
Steam turbines: steam ratep. 126
Steam turbines: efficiencyp. 126
Gas turbines: fuel ratesp. 127
Gas engines: fuel ratesp. 129
Gas expanders: available energyp. 129
Separators/Accumulatorsp. 130
Liquid residence timep. 131
Vapor residence timep. 132
Vapor/liquid calculation methodp. 133
Liquid/liquid calculation methodp. 135
Pressure dropp. 135
Vessel thicknessp. 136
Gas scrubbersp. 136
Reflux drumsp. 136
General vessel design tipsp. 137
Boilersp. 138
Power plantsp. 139
Controlsp. 139
Thermal efficiencyp. 140
Stack gas enthalpyp. 141
Stack gas quantityp. 142
Steam drum stabilityp. 143
Deaerator ventingp. 144
Water alkalinityp. 145
Blowdown controlp. 145
Impurities in waterp. 145
Conductivity versus dissolved solidsp. 147
Silica in steamp. 148
Caustic embrittlementp. 148
Waste heatp. 150
Cooling Towersp. 153
System balancesp. 154
Temperature datap. 154
Performancep. 156
Performance estimate: a cast historyp. 158
Transfer unitsp. 158
Process Designp. 161
Refrigerationp. 162
Types of systemsp. 163
Estimating horsepower per tonp. 163
Horsepower and condenser duty for specific refrigerantsp. 164
Refrigerant replacementsp. 182
Ethylene/propylene cascaded systemp. 183
Steam jet type utilities requirementsp. 183
Ammonia absorption type utilities requirementsp. 186
Gas Treatingp. 187
Introductionp. 188
Gas treating processesp. 188
Reaction type gas treatingp. 190
Physical solvent gas treatingp. 191
Physical/chemical typep. 191
Carbonate typep. 192
Solution batch typep. 192
Bed batch typep. 193
Vacuum Systemsp. 194
Vacuum jetsp. 195
Typical jet systemsp. 196
Steam supplyp. 197
Measuring air leakagep. 198
Time to evacuatep. 198
Design recommendationsp. 199
Ejector specification sheetp. 200
Pneumatic Conveyingp. 202
Types of systemsp. 203
Differential pressuresp. 204
Equipment sizingp. 204
Blendingp. 206
Single-stage mixersp. 207
Multistage mixersp. 207
Gas/liquid contactingp. 208
Liquid/liquid mixingp. 208
Liquid/solid mixingp. 208
Mixer applicationsp. 209
Shrouded blending nozzlep. 210
Vapor formation rate for tank fillingp. 210
Plant Designp. 211
Process Evaluationp. 212
Introductionp. 213
Study definitionp. 213
Process definitionp. 215
Battery limits specificationsp. 222
Offsite specificationsp. 226
Capital investmentsp. 230
Operating costsp. 237
Economicsp. 240
Financingp. 244
Reliabilityp. 247
Metallurgyp. 249
Embrittlementp. 250
Stress-corrosion crackingp. 256
Hydrogen attackp. 257
Pitting corrosionp. 259
Creep and creep-rupture lifep. 260
Metal dustingp. 262
Naphthenic acid corrosionp. 264
Fuel ash corrosionp. 265
Thermal fatiguep. 267
Abrasive wearp. 269
Pipeline toughnessp. 270
Common corrosion mistakesp. 271
Safetyp. 272
Estimating LEL and flashp. 273
Tank blanketingp. 273
Equipment purgingp. 275
Static charge from fluid flowp. 276
Mixture flammabilityp. 279
Relief manifoldsp. 282
Natural ventilationp. 288
Controlsp. 289
Introductionp. 290
Extra capacity for process controlp. 290
Controller limitationsp. 291
False economyp. 292
Definitions of control modesp. 292
Control mode comparisonsp. 292
Control mode vs applicationp. 292
Pneumatic vs electronic controlsp. 293
Process chromatographsp. 294
Operationsp. 295
Troubleshootingp. 296
Introductionp. 297
Fractionation: initial checklistsp. 297
Fractionation: Troubleshooting checklistp. 299
Fractionation: operating problemsp. 301
Fractionation: mechanical problemsp. 307
Fractionation: Getting ready for troubleshootingp. 311
Fractionation: "Normal" parametersp. 312
Fluid flowp. 313
Refrigerationp. 316
Firetube heatersp. 317
Safety relief valvesp. 318
Gas treatingp. 319
Compressorsp. 323
Measurementp. 325
Startupp. 326
Introductionp. 327
Settings for controlsp. 327
Probable causes of trouble in controlsp. 328
Checklistsp. 330
Energy Conservationp. 334
Target excess oxygenp. 335
Stack heat lossp. 336
Stack gas dew pointp. 336
Equivalent fuel valuesp. 338
Heat recovery systemsp. 339
Process efficiencyp. 340
Steam trapsp. 341
Gas expandersp. 343
Fractionationp. 344
Insulating materialsp. 344
Process Modeling Using Linear Programmingp. 345
Process modeling using linear programmingp. 346
Propertiesp. 351
Introductionp. 352
Approximate physical propertiesp. 352
Viscosityp. 353
Relative humidityp. 357
Surface tensionp. 358
Gas diffusion coefficientsp. 358
Water and hydrocarbonsp. 360
Natural gas hydrate temperaturep. 364
Inorganic gases in petroleump. 366
Foam densityp. 368
Equivalent diameterp. 369
Autoignition temperaturep. 371
Gibbs free energy of formationp. 376
New refrigerantsp. 386
Approximate Conversion Factorsp. 387
Approximate conversion factorsp. 388
Appendixesp. 389
Shortcut Equipment Design Methods--Overviewp. 390
Geographic Information Systemsp. 392
Internet Ideasp. 394
Process Safety Managementp. 397
Do-It-Yourself Shortcut Methodsp. 399
Overview for Engineering Studentsp. 406
Modern Management Initiativesp. 409
Process Specification Sheetsp. 410
Vessel data sheetp. 411
Shell and tube exchanger data sheetp. 412
Double pipe (G-fin) exchanger data sheetp. 413
Air-cooled (fin-fan) exchanger data sheetp. 414
Direct fired heater data sheetp. 415
Centrifugal pump (horizontal or vertical) data sheetp. 416
Pump (vertical turbine--can or propellor) data sheetp. 417
Tank data sheetp. 418
Cooling tower data sheetp. 419
Indexp. 423
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