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Morphology From Data to Theories

ISBN-10: 0748643133

ISBN-13: 9780748643134

Edition: 2012

Authors: Antonio F�bregas, Sergio Scalise

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Description:

Tackling theoretical approaches including Construction Grammar and the Minimalist Program, this volume focuses on processes and phenomena. Each chapter covers the main concepts through example data, before discussing the pros and cons of the approach. Topics covered include: units, inflection, derivation, compounding, the Lexical Integrity Hypothesis and the interfaces of morphology with phonology and semantics. Taking your understanding of the form and meaning of words to the next level, this book is ideal for linguistics students interested in learning more about morphology. The volume discusses variety of theories and includes exercises and further reading in each chapter.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Publication date: 5/11/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 224
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

List of Abbreviations
Foreword
Morphology: Definitions and Basic Concepts
What Is Morphology?
Its Object of Study
Morphology's Place in Grammar
Differences between the Lexicon and Morphology
Classes of Morphemes
Classes of Affixes
Subdivisions of Morphology
Inflection
Word Formation: Derivation and Compounding
The Spell-Out of Morphemes
Allomorphy
Productivity
Exercises
Further Reading
Morphological Units
Morphemes
Words
The Debate on the Existence of Morphemes
Replacive and Substractive Morphology
Mismatches between Grammatical Features and their Exponents
Cranberry Morphemes
Priscianic Word Formation
Paradigmatic Motivation of Meaning
Other Units
Roots and Stems
Constructions
Templates
Correlations between Morphemes and Morphs and Morphological Typology
Exercises
Further Reading
Morphological Structures
The Motivation for Morphological Structures
Evidence in Favour of Word-Internal Structure
The Properties of Morphological Structures
The Concept of Head
The Position of the Head
Binary Branching
Arguments against Morphological Structures
A-Morphous Morphology
Exocentricity
Bracketing Paradoxes
Double Base
Parasynthesis
Exercises
Further Reading
Inflectional Processes
Properties of Inflection
Inflection and Grammatical Categories
A Comparison of Five Languages
Non-Inflected Categories: Prepositions, Conjunctions and Adverbs
Desinences and Theme Vowels in Grammar
The Status of Gender and the Notion of Desinence
Theme Vowels
Paradigms
Syncretism
Defectiveness
Suppletion
Patterns of Irregularity
Exercises
Further Reading
Derivational Processes
Properties of Derivation
Category Changes
Nominalizations
Verbalizations
Adjectivalizations
Semantic Changes
Category Change without Formal Marking: Conversion
Argument Structure Changes
Lexical Alternations
Questions Raised by the Analysis of Derivational Processes in a Single Language
The Boundaries between Inflection and Derivation
Appreciative Morphology
Hybrid Categories
Exercises
Further Reading
Compounding and Other Word-Formation Processes
Properties of Compounds
Basic Classes of Compounds
Classes According to the Relation Established between the Two Elements
Synthetic Compounds
Parasynthetic Compounds
Co-Compounds
Compounding between Syntax and Morphology
Some Diiferences between Compounds and Phrases
Intermediate Cases
Compounds and Grammatical Categories: Japanese and English
Other Word-Formation Processes
Clipping
Reduplication
Acronymy
Blending
Exercises
Further Reading
Morphology's Relation to Syntax
The Place of Morphology in Grammar: Lexicalism and Constructionism
Lexicalist Theories
Constructionism
The Generalized Lexicalist Hypothesis: Empirical Data
Syntactic Material inside Words: The No Phrase Constraint
Non-Morphological Processes and the Internal Structure of Words
Absence of Movement and the Theory of Syntactic Domains
Absence of Coreference to Word-Internal Constituents
The Relation between Syntax and Morphology in Diachrony: Morphologization
Exercises
Further Reading
Morphology's Relation to Phonology and Semantics
Restrictions Imposed by Phonology on Morphology
The Phonological Materialization of Morphemes
Morphology and Phonology Feed Each Other: Lexical Strata
Morphology Is Independent from Phonology: The Separation Hypothesis
Morphology Precedes Phonology: The Late Insertion Hypothesis
Post-Syntactic Morphological Operations in Distributed Morphology
Accounting for Allomorphs: Localism and Globalism
The Linearization of Morphological Structure: Morpheme Order
Syntactic Accounts
Semantic Accounts
Purely Morphological Accounts
Phonological Accounts
Parsing-Based Accounts
The Meaning of Words and Affixes
The Meaning of Units Is Decomposable
Semantic Atomicity
Do Affixes Have a Meaning of their Own?
Compositionality and Semantic Unpredictability
The Unpredictability of Meaning
Dividing Structures and Concepts: Two Types of Meaning
How to Represent Demotivation
Exercises
Further Reading
Answers to the Exercises
References
Index