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Ethics of Development

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ISBN-10: 0748610588

ISBN-13: 9780748610587

Edition: 2004

Authors: Des Gasper

List price: $39.95
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Ethics is a global concern in an increasingly interconnected global economy. This text examines the key issues confronting us in relation to the meanings and nature of development as an ethical category.
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Book details

List price: $39.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Publication date: 3/1/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 272
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

List of Tables and Figures
What is the Ethics of Development?
Why Development Ethics? Cases and Questions
Extreme poverty amidst immense riches
Health and sickness, needs and profits
Towards a 'calculus of pain': recognising varieties of suffering and violence
The infliction of costs on the weak: the examples of dams, famines, debt and structural adjustment
Global obligations and universal values?
What is development?
What? On Meanings and Agenda
The core agenda of development ethics
Emergence and contributors
How? On Methods and Roles
Possible roles of development ethics
Global or Southern?
The Meaning of 'Development'
Purposes and Themes
Ahistorical Definitions of 'Development'
Usages across the disciplines
Usages in development studies
Historically Specific Conceptions of Development: On Change, Intervention and Progress
On Improvement: Issues in Evaluative Ahistorical Definition
Development as opportunity or as achievement?
The grossness of gross national/domestic product
Universalism and relativism
'Efficiency and Effectiveness': Mainstream Development Evaluation in Theory and Practice
Introduction: Mainstream Value Positions and Alternatives
Effectiveness Towards What and For Whom?
Effectiveness towards what?
Effectiveness for whom?
Efficiency in Terms of Which Values?
What is efficient depends on what one's values are
Tacit variants of economic efficiency: Paretian and utilitarian
Concepts of efficiency and practices of victimisation
Setting Economic Efficiency in Social and Environmental Context
Limitations of a separate concept of economic efficiency
Economic efficiency confined to a delimited role within a human and physical context
Means and ends
Understanding Value Systems
Comparison of value positions in development evaluation
The structure of market-derived arguments
'Consumer sovereignty'
Conclusion: Beyond Economism
'Equity': Who Bears Costs and Who Reaps Benefits?
Sacrificing the Weak
Aspects of Equity
Criteria of distributive equity
An application to the regulation of grazing in Zimbabwe
An application to selection for resettlement in Zimbabwe
Positive discrimination?
A Deeper Analysis of Concepts
Sen's framework for understanding different distributive criteria
Land, returns and the fruits of effort
Whose are the international debts?
Assessing the Different Interpretations
Equality of what? Why equality?
Selecting from or inter-relating the principles
Socio-political contexts
Violence and Human Security
The Reemergence of Violence and Security as Central Concerns
Development and Violence as Value-relative? On Concepts
Development and peace
Development as Value-Damaging?
Varieties of violence
Violence and the economy
Downgrading the Cost of Violence
Market theory: only interests, no passions
The downgrading and defining away of costs and alternatives
Real Alternatives and Painful Choices
Notions of tragedy, evil, dilemma
Towards a calculus of pain, with a respect for persons
Needs and Basic Needs
First Things First
The Language of Need
Meanings and syntax of 'need'
A unifying framework for needs ethics and policy
Meanings of 'basic'
A Richer Picture of Persons
Do we require a picture of persons?
A better empirical base for prediction and evaluation
Reinterpretations of poverty, luxury and limitless demand
Dangers in Needs Theories and Ethics
Is basic needs analysis passive and pacifying?
The Discursive and Practical Strategy of Basic Human Needs
A required basis for other ethics
Operationalising basic needs: targets, rights, responsibilities
A programmatic alternative to economism
Conclusion: Beggars can't be Choosers
'Human Development': Capabilities and Positive Freedom
From Basic Needs to a Fuller Philosophy of Development
The UNDP Human Development School
The Human Development Reports
Human Development and Human Rights
Sen's Capability Approach and 'Development as Freedom'
Freedom and reason
Development as freedom
Aspects of the capability approach
Policy orientation
Doubts and Alternatives
Sen's picture of persons, capabilities and freedom
Nussbaum's capabilities ethic
For and against a universal list of priority capabilities
Cultures and the Ethics of Development
Can One Criticise Cultures and yet Avoid Ethnocentrism?
Introductory cases
Is liberalism illiberal?
Culture: The Underlying Issues
Conceptions of culture
Roles perceived for culture
Natural man, plasticine man, nurtured natural man
The uneasy relation between individual rights and group rights
Women's right to employment?
Communitarian Ethics and Cultural Relativism
The texture of communitarian ethics
Walzer's worlds
Communitarianism is based on poor sociology
Cultural relativism is inconsistent, internally and with our other beliefs
The centrality of internal criticism
Cases and Procedures
Criteria for just decisions
An overview of cases