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Battle for China's Past Mao and the Cultural Revolution

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ISBN-10: 074532780X

ISBN-13: 9780745327808

Edition: 2008

Authors: Mobo Gao

List price: $39.00
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Description:

"A powerful mixture of political passion and original research, a brave polemic against the fashionable view on China. ... aims a knockout blow at Jung Chang's recent book on Mao, which Bush and the conservatives rave-reviewed." ---Gregor Benton, Professor of Chinese History, University of Cardiff "This important book opens a much needed window onto Chinese perceptions of the country's post-Mao direction. . . . highlights the renewal of popular support for socialism and the growing opposition to contemporary state policies." ---Martin Hart-Landsberg, Professor of Economics, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, Oregon Mao and his policies have long been demonized in the West, with the Cultural Revolution considered a fundamental violation of human rights. As China embraces capitalism, the Mao era is being denigrated by the Chinese political and intellectual elite. This book tackles the extremely negative depiction of China under Mao in recent publications and argues that most people in China, including the rural poor and the urban working class, actually benefited from Mao's policies. Under Mao there was a comprehensive welfare system for the urban poor and basic health and education provision in rural areas. These policies are being reversed in the current rush towards capitalism. Offering a critical analysis of mainstream accounts of the Mao era and the Cultural Revolution, this book sets the record straight, making a convincing argument for the positive effects of Mao's policies on the well-being of the Chinese people.
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Book details

List price: $39.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Pluto Press
Publication date: 2/20/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 5.00" wide x 8.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.770
Language: English

Mobo Gao is Professor of Chinese Studies and Director of the Adelaide Confucius Institute at the University of Adelaide. He is the author of Gao Village; A Portrait of Rural Life in Modern China (1999) and Mandarin Chinese: An Introduction (2000).

Acknowledgements
Introduction
Debating the Cultural Revolution
Introduction: who is writing history and who are the Chinese?
The haojie discourse and the Cultural Revolution
Violence, brutality and causes
Constructive policies
Destruction of Chinese culture and tradition
Cultural Revolution and cultural creativity
What is the Enlightenment?
Constructing history: memories, values and identity
Introduction: speech act of identification
From the wounded to the mentalite: the re-rehearsal of May Fourth
Be American citizens in thinking
Sinological orientalism
Two whateverism
The politics of joining the civilized world
Media agenda and identification with the West
Memoirs, values and identification
The intellectual-business-political complex in contemporary China
Conclusion: memories, identity, knowledge and truth
Constructing history: memoirs, autobiographies and biographies in Chinese
Introduction: scope and rationale
Memoirs, autobiographies and biographies in Chinese: a literature survey
The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth
Some common themes on Mao and the Cultural Revolution
Memories as history
Conclusion: discourse, narratives and memories
Mao, The Unknown Story: an intellectual scandal
Introduction hyper-promotion of a book
Scholarship, what scholarship?
Misleading claims and absurd explanations
Further evidence of 'scholarship'
Further evidence of flaws and misleading claims
Logical inconsistency within the text
Mao, China's Hitler and Stalin
Fairy tale and how scholarship changes
Does it matter?
It does not matter so long as the politics is right
Mao: the known story and the logic of denial
Introduction: Mao the known story, a general outline
Evidence of the known story
So what was the problem?
The famine death toll
The economy in the Mao era
The yardstick of Hitler: a favourite European comparison
Mao's personality: the known story
The logic of denial of the known story
Academic reception
Revolution: from farewell to burial
Furet and the French Revolution
Is revolution inevitable?
An alternative model of development
How a medical doctor doctors history: a case study of Li Zhisui
Introduction; expatriate Chinese memories - a literary phenomenon
Memories and the politics of knowledge production
The book
Knowledge gap
Knowledge production and the market
The logic of the differences in two versions
Who is to be fooled and why?
Protests from the insiders
Was Li Mao's personal physician?
How much did the doctor know?
What did the medical doctor know about politics?
The politics of sex
History as doctored by the doctor and his US mentors: a critical analysis
Conclusion: history what history?
Challenging the hegemony: contrary narratives in the e-media (I) - Mao and the Cultural Revolution
Introduction: emerging contrary narratives
Media effect, public space and e-media
Ma Yinchu, population control and elite attitudes
The credibility of Li Rui
Challenging the late-Mao thesis
Challenging Jung Chang and Jon Halliday
Liu Shaoqi, Deng Xiaoping and the Great Leap Forward
Debates on issues related to the Cultural Revolution
Disagreement between Mao and Liu Shaoqi: the two-line struggle thesis
Other unofficial views of the Cultural Revolution
Sea change of attitudes
Wang Xizhe the dissident
Kong Qingdong and the cowshed
Memoirs of different narratives
Challenging Wang Youqin
Conclusion: the question of truth
Challenging the hegemony: contrary narratives in the e-media (II) - the Mao era
Introduction: history in socioeconomic context
The state of the economy in the Mao era and during the Cultural Revolution
Manufacturing truth
Signs of a re-evaluation of Jiang Qing
The issues of health care and education
A re-evaluation of Kang Sheng?
The Chinese themselves say so
Manufacturing truth and e-media counter-action
The legacy of Mao and the e-media
Conclusion: voices from the bottom for a battle that has just begun
The problem of the rural-urban divide in pursuit of modernity: values and attitudes
Introduction: the year 2003
The rise of China, but the risk of collapse
The urban-rural divide
Three stories of rural pain
Rural Chinese: beasts of burden on whom modernity is built
The rural-urban divide: values and attitudes
Post-Mao reforms: myths versus reality
Conclusion: the state and the countryside
The battle of China's history: seeing the past from the present
Introduction: a little incident
Three questions about the post-Mao reforms
Is China a capitalist country? And does it matter?
Capitalism with Chinese characteristics?
White cat, black cat: the argument of efficiency versus fairness
Seeing the past from the present: a hole in the discursive hegemony
Conclusion: truth and belief values of socialism and China's future direction
Truth and belief values of a political discourse
Truth and belief value of exploiting the peasantry
Do the values of socialism matter?
Learning from past failures
The socialist truth and belief value of land ownership
The socialist truth and belief value of labour law
The socialist truth and belief values of healthcare and education
The battie of China's history
China's future direction
Notes
Glossary of Chinese terms and names
Bibliography
Index