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Modern Jihad : Tracing the Dollars Behind the Terror Networks

ISBN-10: 0745321178

ISBN-13: 9780745321172

Edition: 2003

Authors: Michael Hardt, Loretta Napoleoni

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Description:

Shifting the focus away from religious and cultural differences, Napoleoni assesses the full extent of the role of the West in developing the economies of armed organisations and provides an insight into real factors dividing 'East' and 'West'.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Pluto Press
Publication date: 9/20/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 304
Size: 5.88" wide x 9.00" long
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Forewordp. ix
Introductionp. xi
Prefacep. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Prologue--11 September: a former member of an Italian armed group reflects on old and new terrorp. xix
The Cold War Years: The Economic Dependency of Terror
The Dilemma of Terrorism: War or Crime? How 11 September could have been avoided had the US regarded the first bombing of the World Trade Center as an act of war instead of a domestic crimep. 3
The Macroeconomics of Terror: The birth of modern armed groups: from the ashes of the colonial war to the war by proxy of the Cold War. Terror becomes a political realityp. 11
The Privatisation of Terror: Armed groups search for financial independence. How Arafat transformed the PLO into the independent economic engine of the Palestinians' struggle for self-determinationp. 29
Terror Reaganomics: Terror mavericks and guns for hire; Arab countries get involved in sponsoring armed groups. Terror becomes businessp. 47
The New Economic Disorder
The Birth of the Terror State-Shell: How armed groups shaped their own state using war economics instead of nationalism and political consensusp. 63
Towards a New World Disorder: The anti-Soviet Jihad, a pyrrhic victory for the US and its Muslim allies. From the ashes of the Soviet bloc a new enemy rises: Islamist terrorp. 79
Islamist Economics: The legacy of the anti-Soviet Jihad: the spread of Islamist armed groups in Central Asia and in the Caucasusp. 87
Terror Jihad: The Islamist Crusades: Modern Jihad: Osama bin Laden and his Islamist followers wage a crusade against the economic hegemony of the West and its Muslim alliesp. 96
Islamist Financial Colonisation: Islamic banking and finance penetrate Muslim countries in the Balkans, Caucasus and Central Asia, paving the way for Islamist armed insurgencyp. 105
The Economic Forces of Islamist Colonisation: Emerging new social classes in Arab countries back financially the spreading of Islamist insurgency to end the economic hegemony of the West: bankers, traders and businessmenp. 117
The Mosque Network: Mosques as a powerful international recruiting ground of the Modern Jihadp. 128
The New Economy of Terror
Weak States: Breeding Ground for Terror: Armed groups' strongholds across the world: Sudan, Afghanistan, Sierra Leonep. 139
From Modern Jihad to the New Economy of Terror: Under the umbrella of the Modern Jihad, Islamist and non-Islamist armed groups become business partners creating the New Economy of Terror. Terror becomes an international economic systemp. 147
Terror's Legitimate Business: The many legitimate businesses run by armed organisations from the IRA to al-Qaedap. 158
Terror's Balance of Payments: From charities to crime; how terror economies generate and redistribute wealthp. 166
State-Shell Economics: Armed groups' expenditure; a cost-benefit analysis of suicide bombersp. 177
The Globalisation of the New Economy of Terror: How big is the New Economy of Terror? A fast-growing illegal economy twice the size of the United Kingdom's GDPp. 188
Conclusionsp. 203
Groupsp. 207
Glossaryp. 223
Notesp. 235
Bibliographyp. 262
Indexp. 274
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