Civilizations Culture, Ambition, and the Transformation of Nature

ISBN-10: 074320249X

ISBN-13: 9780743202497

Edition: 2001

Authors: Felipe Fern�ndez-Armesto

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Book details

List price: $32.99
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Free Press
Publication date: 6/1/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 560
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Felipe Fern�ndez-Armesto, the William P. Reynolds Professor of History at the University of Notre Dame, is the author of Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration and Our America: A Hispanic History of the United States. He lives in South Bend, Indiana, and London.

Introduction: The Itch to Civilize
Civilizations and Civilization
The Civilizing Ingredient
The Glutinous Environment
The Mask and Apollo: Recent Definitions and Approaches
Reaching Between Civilizations--and Reaching for the Unity of Civilization
Process and Progress
The Checklist of Civilization
Back to Nature: Array by Environment
Two Cheers for Civilization
The Waste Land: Desert, Tundra, Ice
The Helm of Ice: Ice Worlds and Tundra as Human Habitats
The Ice Age in Europe--Northern Scandinavia--Asiatic Tundra--Arctic America--Greenland
Beyond the Gates of Gog: The Savage North
Followers of the Ice
The Tamers of Reindeer
Companions of the Seal Bladders: Deference to Nature in Arctic America
Better Than Civilization: The Inuit in Competition with Europeans
The Death of Earth: Adaptation and Counteradaptation in Deserts of Sand
The North American Southwest--Northern Peru--the Sahara--the Gobi--the Kalahari
Learning from Hohokam: How to Build Civilization in the Desert
The Lakes of Worms: The Limits of Civilization in the Sahara
Lands of Unrest: Desert Highways Between Civilizations
Spirits of the Slippery Hills: Bushmen and Civilization
Leaves of Grass: Barely Cultivable Grasslands
The Sweepings of the Wind: Prairie and Grassy Savanna
The Great Plains--the African Savanna--the Sahel
The Intractable Grasslands
The Architects of the Savanna
Imperialists of the Sahel
The Highway of Civilizations: The Eurasian Steppe
The Wastes of Gog
A Confucian Contemplates the Wild
The Making of Mongol Imperialism
The Mongol Roads: Causeways of Civilization
Under the Rain: Civilization in Tropical Lowlands and Postglacial Forests
The Wild Woods: Postglacial and Temperate Woodland
Cases of Deforestation--the American Bottom--North American Temperate Forests--Europe
The Fear of Trees: Learning to Clear the Forests
The Great Wet: Early Civilizations of the North American Woodlands
The Longhouse of Elm: Civilization by the Evergreen Frontier
Riding the Lumber Raft: Europe After the Forest
The Retreat of the Trees: From Forests to Cities in Twelfth-Century Europe
Hearts of Darkness: Tropical Lowlands
Frederik Hendrik Island--the Olmec Heartland--Low Amazonia--the Lowland Maya Lands--the Valleys of the Khmer--Benin City
The Habitable Hell: Cultivating the Swamp
Amazon Lands: The Challenge of the Rain Forest
The Tongue in the Stones: The Lowland Maya
The Beloved of the Snake: Khmer Civilization on the Mekong
The City of Death: Benin
The Shining Fields of Mud: Alluvial Soils in Drying Climates
The Lone and Level Sands: Misleading Cases in the Near East
The Carsamba floodplain--the Jordan Valley--Sumer and Egypt
The Yielding Soil: Early Intensifiers of Agriculture
The Garden of the Lord: Alluvial Archetypes
Back from Diffusion: The Great River Valleys
From Sumer to Babylon
Out of the Underworld: The "Gift of the Nile"
Of Shoes and Rice: Transcending Environments of Origin in China and India
The Indus, Yellow, and Yangtze Rivers
Seals in the Sand: Lost Cities of the Indus and the Origins of India
Millet and Rice, River and River: The Making of China
The Checklist of Shang Civilization
The Phoenix of the East: The Survival of China
Expansion Without Mutation: The Chinese Grossraum
The Mirrors of Sky: Civilizing Highlands
The Gardens of the Clouds: The Highland Civilizations of the New World
Mesoamerica and the Andes
Altitude and Isolation: Classifying Highland Civilizations
Ascent to Tiahuanaco: Predecessors of the Inca
Places for the Gods: The Context of the Aztecs
Contrasting Worlds: The Aztecs and Inca Juxtaposed
The Vengeance of the Tribute-Bearers: Environment and Empire
The Climb to Paradise: The Highland Civilizations of the Old World
New Guinea--Zimbabwe--Ethiopia--Iran--Tibet
The Last El Dorado
The African Predicament
The Mountains of Rasselas: Civilization in Ethiopia
High Roads of Civilization: Overlooking Asian Trade Routes
Looking Down from Tibet
The Water Margins: Civilizations Shaped by the Sea
The Allotments of the Gods: Small-Island Civilizations
The "South Seas"--Hawaii and Easter Island--the Aleutians--the Maldives--Malta--Minoan Crete--Venice
The Tangle of Isles: Polynesian Navigation
Surviving Isolation: Hawaii and Easter Island
The Wind's Nest: The Islands of the Aleut
Ports of Call: From the Maldives to Malta
The Wreck of Paradise: Minoan Crete
The Creature of the Lagoon: Venice as a Small-Island Civilization
The View from the Shore: The Nature of Seaboard Civilizations
The Oran laut--Phoenicia and Scandinavia--the Maritime Netherlands
The Sea People: Adapting to the Waves
The Narrow Shores: Phoenicia and Scandinavia
The Atlantic Edge
The Frustrations of Rimland: The Early Phase
"An Equilibrium of Mud and Water": Coaxing Civilization from the Shoals
Beyond the Beach: Identifying Seaboard Civilizations
Chasing the Monsoon: Seaboard Civilizations of Maritime Asia
Japan--Maritime Arabia--Southeast Asia--Coromandel and Gujarat--Fukien
Riders of the Typhoon: Maritime Japan
Caravans of the Monsoon: The Arabs and Their Seas
The Ring of the Snake: The Seas of Southeast Asia
The Seas of Milk and Butter: Maritime India
China's Frontier to the Sea: Fukien
The Tradition of Ulysses: The Greek and Roman Seaboards
Boeotia--the Greeks Overseas--Athens--the Aegean and Ionian Seas--Rome--the Roman Empire--the Renaissances and Their Settings
The Plow and the Prow: A Conversation with Hesiod
The Pursuit of Galatea: Greece Takes to the Sea
The Claim of Poseidon: Athens and the Sea
A Hellenic Cruise: Five Wonders of Antiquity
Around the Middle Sea: Ancient Rome as a Seaboard Civilization
The Reach of the Classics: The Global Spread of the Greek and Roman Legacies
Breaking the Waves: The Domestication of the Oceans
Almost the Last Environment: The Rise of Oceanic Civilizations
From the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic--from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean
The Muslim Lake
The Precocity of the Indian Ocean
From the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic: The Shadow of Vasco da Gama
The Round Trip of Vasco da Gama
Refloating Atlantis: The Making of Atlantic Civilization
Cultural Transmission from Europe to America and Back
The Origins of the European Atlantic
The Technological Strand
The Power of Culture
The Tyranny of the Timing
Atlantic Civilization in Black and White: The Imperial Phase
The World the Slaves Made
The Atlantic and After: Atlantic Supremacy and the Global Outlook
From the Atlantic to the Pacific--from the Pacific to the World
Crises and Renewals of Atlantic Civilization
The Limits and Limitations of Western Civilization
Next Stop after the Atlantic
The Revenge of Nature
The Self-Threatened Menace
The Last Ocean
Epilogue: In Derek Jarman's Garden
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