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Parties and Elections in America The Electoral Process

ISBN-10: 0742526704

ISBN-13: 9780742526709

Edition: 4th 2005 (Revised)

Authors: Louis Sandy Maisel, Kara Z. Buckley

List price: $54.95
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Description:

Thoroughly revised and updated, the fourth edition of this classic text is still the most comprehensive and readable text available. Covering all aspects of the electoral process from historical roots to election year 2004, the authors bring life to parties long declared dead and first-hand experience running for office to the sometimes grueling campaign trail. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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Book details

List price: $54.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/22/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 600
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.684
Language: English

L. Sandy Maisel is the William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Government and chair of the department of political science at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. The author and/or editor of a dozen books, he lives in Oakland, Maine.

List of Figures, Tables, and Boxes
Preface
To the Students
Elections and Political Parties
An Examination of Elections in the United States
The Role of Elections in Democratic Theory
Modes of Elections
Direct Elections
Indirect Elections
Implications for Representation
Representatives' Perspectives
The Public's Perspective and the Role of Parties in Representation
Definitions of "Political Party" and "Party Systems"
Politicians View the Party System
American Political Parties and Party Organization
The Development of American Political Parties
The First Party System
The Elections of 1796 and 1800
Contributions of the First Party System
The Second Party System
Innovations of the Second Party Period
The Third Party System
The Fourth Party System
The Era of Reform
The Fifth Party System
A Sixth Party System?
The South
The Rise of the Personal Vote
Divided Government
The Modern Party Organization
Local and County Organizations
State Party Organizations
The Structure of the State Party
The Role of the State Party
Party Organization at the National Level
The National Committees
The "Hill Committees"
The National Parties Respond
Politicians View Party Organization
Voting and Other Forms of Political Participation
Who Votes; Who Doesn't
Expansion of the Franchise
Property Requirements
Black Suffrage
Women's Suffrage
Lowering the Voting Age
Additional Regulations: Residency and Registration
Decline in Voter Participation
Voting by Blacks
Voting by Young Voters
Voting by Women
What Distinguishes Voters from Nonvoters?
Voters in Presidential Elections
Models of Voting Behavior: The American Voter
Critics of The American Voter Model
Criticism by V. O. Key Jr. and His Followers
Criticism from Successors in the Michigan School
Presidential Voting Reviewed
Voters in Congressional and Senatorial Elections
Voting Behavior Theory Revisited
Participation in Politics in America
Politicians View Political Participation
Organized Groups in the Political Process
Organized Groups in American Politics
Political and Nonpolitical Associations
Politically Active Groups
Economic or Noneconomic Interests
Multipurpose or Single-Purpose Groups
Federal or National Groups
Electoral Activities of Organized Groups
Working within the Party
Group Ratings
Political Action Committees
Interest Groups' Influence on Their Members
Politicians View Interest Groups
Campaign Finance
The Long History of Campaign Finance Reform
The Climate for Reform
The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and Efforts at Amendment
Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1 (1976) and Its Impact
The Seven-Year Battle for McCain-Feingold
The Costs of Democracy and Who Pays for It
The Costs
Sources of Campaign Funds
Individual Contributions
Political Action Committees
Political Parties
Soft Money
Public Financing
Politicians View Campaign Finance
State and Local Nominations
Political Context and Politicians' Decisions to Run
Common Views of the Nominating Process
Development of the Direct Primary System
Primaries as a Response to One-Party Domination
Primaries as an Item on the Progressive Agenda
Varieties Of Primaries
Who May Run
Party Membership and Petition Requirements
The Role of Parties
Louisiana: An Exception
Cross-Filing: Another Exception to Party Allegiance
Who May Vote
Closed, Open, and Blanket Primaries
Theoretical Arguments Regarding Primary Voter Eligibility
Pragmatic Considerations Regarding Primary Voter Eligibility
Strategic Consequences of Different Primary Rules
Crossover Voting
Who Wins
Plurality Rule
Variations from Plurality Rule: Runoff Primaries
The Politics of Nominations
Uncontested Nominations
Contested Nominations
Incumbent Advantage
Contests without Incumbents
Politicians View the Nominating Process
State and Local Elections
The Conventional Wisdom: Old versus New Politics
The New Politics: Campaigning in a Media Age
The Role of Political Parties
The Role of Organized Groups
Media Politics
The Candidate's Organization
The Structure of a Modern Campaign
Public Opinion Polling
Media Consultants
Fund-Raisers
Scheduling and Advance Work, Press Relations, Field Organization, and Liaison to the Political Party and Organized Groups
Old-Style Politics: A More Prominent Role for Parties
Reexamination of the Role of Political Parties
Local Campaigns in the Absence of Party
Do Campaigns Determine Who Wins Elections?
Lack of Competition in American Elections
Incumbent Advantage in U.S. House and State Legislative Races
Competition in U.S. Senate and Gubernatorial Races
Credible Competition in American Elections
Third Parties in State and Local Elections
Politicians View the General Election
Presidential Nominations
The Post-1968 Reforms
The McGovern-Fraser Commission
The 1972 Nomination
Continuing Reform of the Process
The Reform Movement: An Assessment
Nominations under the Current System: 1992, 1996, 2000, and ... 2004
The 1992 Nominations
The 1996 Nominations
The 2000 Nominations
The 2004 Nominating Process: The Ultimate Manifestation of Front-Loading
Strategic Considerations in the Contests for Nominations
The Political Calendar
Front-Loading the System
Super Tuesday
Filing Deadlines
Strategic Implications of the Political Calendar
The Rules of the Game
Proportional Representation versus Winner-Take-All Systems
Superdelegates versus Influential Party Leaders
Strategic Use of Campaign Resources
Office
Money
The Media
Evaluating Nominating Campaigns
The Conventions
Credentials Challenges
Rules Disputes
Party Platforms
Vice Presidential Nominations
An Evaluation of the Conventions
Politicians View the Nominating Process
Presidential Elections
From the Convention to the General Election
Organizing for the General Election
Structuring the Campaign Organization
The Campaign Headquarters
The National Committee
The Mobile Headquarters
Division and Integration of Authority and Responsibility
Functions of a Presidential Campaign Organization
Grassroots Politics
Staffing the Candidate's Plane
Staffing the Campaign Headquarters
Directing the Campaign Organization
The Inner Core
Expanding the Core
Co-opting the Losers
Setting a Campaign Strategy
Strategies for the General Election
Geographic Determinations
Coalition Strategies
Issue Strategies
Campaign Themes
Character as a Campaign Issue
The Issues Raised during a Campaign
The Strategic Use of Incumbency
Tactics for the General Election
Tactical Considerations of Where to Go
Tactical Considerations of Media Use
Tactical Considerations of Which Issues to Discuss
The Tactics of Presidential Debates
Third-Party Candidates in Presidential Elections
Politicians View the Campaigns
The Media and the Electoral Process
The Media in the Contemporary Context
Free Media: Journalists' Presentations of Candidates and Campaigns
The Varieties of Free Media
The Role of the Free Media
Informed Consent of the Governed
Window on the Candidates
Referee between Candidates
The Actual Role That the Media Play
The Great Mentioner
Image Creator
Expectation Setter
Issue Identifier
Field Narrower
Campaign Critic
Documentor of Elections
Purveyor of Results
An Assessment of the Role of Free Media
Why Do the Media Play the Roles They Do?
How Should We Evaluate That Role?
Paid Media: The Candidate Provides the Message
Types of Paid Media
Controversies Caused by the Use of Paid Media
Negative Advertising
Issue Advocacy Advertisements
Impact of Paid Media on Election Campaigns
Intended Consequences of Paid Media Campaigns
Unintended Consequences of Paid Media Campaigns
Politicians View the Media
Party in Government
Theoretical and Historical Context: Is Strong Party Government Possible in the U.S.?
Measuring Party Strength in Congress
Party Organization in Congress: The Leadership Hierarchy in the House and Senate
House Leadership
Democratic Hegemony
Republican Revolution
Gingrich and the 104th House
The Abortive Revolt of 1997
The End of the Gingrich Speakership
Leadership in the 108th House
GOP Majority Power: Hastert, the "Hammer," and Party Discipline
Democrats in the Minority: Pelosi and Party Cohesion
The Backbone of House Leadership: The Whip Systems
Senate Leadership
Institutional Constraints on Strong Party Government: The 2003 Tax Cut Package
Circumventing Institutional Constraints? Conference Committees in the 108th Congress
The President as Leader of Party in Government
Politicians View Party in Government
The Role of Political Parties at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century
The Role of Elections
The Context of Federalism
Presidential Elections
Congressional Elections
State and Local Elections
Nonpartisan Politics
Voters and Elections
Television as a Source of Political Information
Television as a Source of Information about State and Local Issues
An Evaluation of the Electoral Process as a Means of Choosing Those Who Govern
The Role of Political Parties
The Parties in the Modern Election
Parties' Appeal to the Electorate
The Tone of Twenty-First-Century Politics
Concluding Remarks
Notes
References
Credits
Index
About the Authors