Chemistry in the Community

ISBN-10: 0716789191

ISBN-13: 9780716789192

Edition: 5th 2006 (Revised)

Authors: American Chemical Society Staff

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This volume has relevance to a wide number of courses, giving a hands-on introduction to chemistry in relation to community issues rather than around specific chemical concepts.
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Book details

List price: $182.99
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: W. H. Freeman & Company
Publication date: 1/31/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 600
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.850
Language: English

Welcome to Chemistry in the Community
ChemCom Media
Water: Exploring Solutions
Sources and Uses of Water
Town in Crisis
Water, Water Everywhere
Making Decisions Uses of Water
Investigating Matter Foul Water
Water Supply and Demand
Developing Skills Water Use in the United States
Where is the World's Water?
Making Decisions Water-Use Analysis
Making Decisions Riverwood Water Use
Section A Summary
Looking at Water and its Contaminants
Physical Properties of Water
Developing Skills Density
Mixtures and Solutions
Particulate View of Water
Modeling Matter Pictures in the Mind
Symbols, Formulas, and Equations
Developing Skills Symbols, Formulas, and Equations
The Electrical Nature of Matter
Ions and Ionic Compounds
Developing Skills Ionic Compounds
Investigating Matter Water Testing
Pure and Impure Water
Making Decisions The Riverwood Water Mystery
What Are the Possibilities?
Chemistry at Work Environmental Cleanup
Section B Summary
Investigating the Cause of the Fish Kill
Solubility of Solids in Water
Developing Skills Solubility and Solubility Curves
Investigating Matter Constructing a Solubility Curve
Dissolving Ionic Compounds
Modeling Matter The Dissolving Process
Solution Concentration
Developing Skills Describing Solution Concentrations
Inappropriate Heavy-Metal Ion Concentrations?
Inappropriate pH Levels?
Inappropriate Molecular Substance Concentrations?
Investigating Matter Solvents
Inappropriate Dissolved Oxygen Levels?
Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, and Life
Making Decisions Determining the Cause of the Fish Kill
Section C Summary
Water Purification and Treatment
Natural Water Purification
Municipal Water Purification
Making Decisions Water Purification
Chlorination of Water
Chlorination and THMs
Making Decisions Bottled Water Versus Tap Water
Investigating Matter Water Softening
Water and Water Softening
Chemistry at Work Purifying Water
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together Fish Kill-Finding the Solution
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Materials: Structure and Uses
Why We Use What We Do
Properties Make the Difference
Developing Skills Physical and Chemical Properties
Properties Matter: Designing the Penny
The Chemical Elements
Investigating Matter Metal or Nonmetal?
The Periodic Table
Making Decisions Grouping the Elements
The Pattern of Atomic Numbers
Developing Skills Periodic Variation in Properties
Periodic Table of the Elements
Organization of the Periodic Table
Developing Skills Predicting Properties
What Determines Properties?
Making Decisions It's Only Money
Chart of the Elements
Section A Summary
Earth's Mineral Resources
Sources and Uses of Metals
Making Decisions Production Versus Use
Investigating Matter Converting Copper
Metal Reactivity
Investigating Matter Relative Reactivities of Metals
Metals: Properties and Uses
Discovery of Metals
Developing Skills Trends in Metal Activity
Mining and Refining
Modeling Matter Electrons and Redox Processes
Section B Summary
Conserving Matter
Keeping Track of Atoms
Developing Skills Accounting for Atoms
Nature's Conservation: Balanced Chemical Equations
Developing Skills Writing Chemical Equations
Introducing the Mole Concept
Developing Skills Molar Masses
Equations and Molar Relationships
Developing Skills Molar Relationships
Composition of Materials
Developing Skills Percent Composition
Investigating Matter Retrieving Copper
Conservation in the Community
Making Decisions Rethinking, Reusing, Replacing, and Recycling
The Life Cycle of a Material
Developing Skills Copper Life-Cycle Analysis
Making Decisions Designing a Coin
Section C Summary
Materials: Designing for Desired Properties
Structure and Properties: Allotropes
A Case of Elusive Identity
Developing Skills Linking Properties to Structure
Engineered Materials
Making Decisions Alternatives to Metals
Investigating Matter Striking It Rich
Combining Atoms: Alloys & Semiconductors
Five Cents' Worth
Modifying Surfaces
Chemistry at Work All That's Gold Doesn't Glitter...or Does it?
Investigating Matter Copper Plating
Making Decisions More Coin Design Considerations
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together Making Money: Selecting the Best Coin Design
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Petroleum: Breaking and Making Bonds
Petroleum: What is it?
What Is Petroleum?
Investigating Matter Separation by Distillation
Petroleum Refining
Examining Petroleum's Molecules
Developing Skills Hydrocarbon Boiling Points
Chemical Bonding
Investigating Matter Modeling Alkanes
Developing Skills Trends in Alkane Boiling Points
Investigating Matter Alkanes Revisited
Developing Skills Boiling Points of Alkane Isomers
Making Decisions Fuels and Climate
Section A Summary
Petroleum: An Energy Source
Energy Tracing
Energy and Fossil Fuels
Energy Conversion
Developing Skills Automobile Energy Conversions
Developing Skills Energy Efficiency
Energy Conversion Efficiency
Chemistry at Work Oil's Well That Ends Well: The Work of a Petroleum Geologist
Investigating Matter Combustion
Using Heats of Combustion
A Burning Problem: Part I
Developing Skills Heats of Combustion
Altering Fuels
A Burning Problem: Part II
Making Decisions Fuel for Transportation
Section B Summary
Petroleum: A Building-Material Source
Creating New Options: Petrochemicals
Modeling Matter Polymer Structure and Properties
Beyond Alkanes
Investigating Matter The Builders
More Builder Molecules
Builder Molecules Containing Oxygen
Condensation Polymers
Investigating Matter Condensation
Making Decisions Builder Molecules in Transportation
Section C Summary
Energy Alternatives to Petroleum
Energy: Past and Present
Developing Skills Fuel Sources over the Years
Alternate Fuels and Energy Sources
Investigating Matter Biodiesel Fuel
Making Decisions Biodiesel as a Petroleum Substitute
Alternate-Fuel Vehicles
Making Decisions Evaluating Alternate-Fuel Options
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together Getting Mobile
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Air: Chemistry and the Atmosphere
Gases in the Atmosphere
Structure of the Atmosphere
Developing Skills Graphing Atmospheric Data
Investigating Matter Properties of Gases
Developing Skills Applications of Pressure
Atmospheric Pressure
Atoms and Molecules in Motion
Pressure-Volume Behavior of Gases
Developing Skills Predicting Gas Behavior: Pressure-Volume
Investigating Matter Exploring Temperature-Volume Relationships
Temperature-Volume Behavior of Gases
Developing Skills Predicting Gas Behavior: Temperature-Volume
Temperature-Pressure Behavior of Gases
Developing Skills Using Gas Relationships
Nonideal Gas Behavior
Modeling Matter Understanding Kinetic Molecular Theory
Ideal Gases and Molar Volume
Developing Skills Molar Volume and Reactions of Gases
The Ideal Gas Law
Developing Skills Using the Ideal Gas Law
Making Decisions Preparing to Explore the Bus-Idling Policy
Section A Summary
Radiation and Climate
The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Solar Radiation
Always Harmful?
Earth's Energy Balance
Developing Skills Solar Radiation
Thermal Properties At Earth's Surface
Developing Skills Thermal Properties of Materials
Investigating Matter Specific Heat Capacity
The Carbon Cycle
Making Decisions Considering the Global Carbon Cycle
Investigating Matter Carbon Dioxide Levels
Modeling Matter Incomplete Combustion
Greenhouse Gases and Global Change
Developing Skills Trends in Atmospheric CO[subscript 2] Levels
Making Decisions Considering Greenhouse Gases
Section B Summary
Acids in the Atmosphere
Acid Rain
The Rain in Maine ...
Investigating Matter Making Acid Rain
Chemistry at Work Using Chemistry to Bring Criminals to Justice
Making Decisions Preventing Acid Rain
Structure Determines Properties
Developing Skills Acids and Bases
Acidity, Molar Concentration, and pH
Developing Skills Interpreting the pH Scale
Strengths of Acids and Bases
Modeling Matter Strong Versus Concentrated
Acids, Bases, and Buffers
Investigating Matter Buffers
Making Decisions Considering Acid Rain
Section C Summary
Air Pollution: Sources, Effects, and Solutions
Sources of Air Pollutants
Developing Skills Identifying Major Air Contaminants
Smog: Hazardous to Your Health
Making Decisions Vehicles and Smog
Stationary-Source Air Pollution Control and Prevention
Limiting Reactants and Scrubbers
Investigating Matter Cleansing Air
Controlling Automobile Emissions
Controlling Air Pollution
Ozone and CFCs: A Continued Success Story
Air-Quality Conclusions
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together Bus-Idling Policy and Air Quality
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Industry: Applying Chemical Reactions
Some Chemistry of Nitrogen
Making Decisions Chemical Processing In Your Life
Chemical Products
Investigating Matter Fertilizer Components
Fertilizer and the Nitrogen Cycle
Making Decisions Plant Nutrients
Modeling Matter The Nitrogen Cycle
Investigating Matter Phosphates
Fixing Nitrogen by Oxidation-Reduction
Developing Skills Determining Oxidation States
Section A Summary
Nitrogen and Industry
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Developing Skills Chemical Systems at Equilibrium
Investigating Matter Le Chatelier's Principle
Industrial Synthesis of Ammonia
Nitrogen's Other Face
Developing Skills Explosive Nitrogen Chemistry
From Raw Materials to Products
The Top Chemicals
Green Chemistry and Responsible Care
Making Decisions What Does Riverwood Want?
Section B Summary
Metal Processing and Electrochemistry
Electrolysis and Voltaic Cells
Investigating Matter Voltaic Cells
Voltaic Cells and Half-Reactions
Developing Skills Getting Charged by Electrochemistry
Battery Sizes
Industrial Electrochemistry
Moving Toward Greener Methods
Making Decisions Asset or Liability?
Chemistry at Work Searching for Solutions in Chemistry
Section C Summary
Putting It All Together A Chemical Plant for Riverwood?
Looking Back
Atoms: Nuclear Interactions
The Nature of Atoms
A Great Discovery
Scientific Discoveries
Nuclear Radiation
The Gold-Foil Experiment
Architecture of Atoms
Developing Skills Interpreting Isotopic Notation
Modeling Matter Isotopic Pennies
Isotopes in Nature
Developing Skills Molar Mass and Isotopic Abundance
Making Decisions Fact or Fiction?
Section A Summary
Nuclear Radiation
Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
Radiation Exposure Standards
Making Decisions Your Annual Ionizing-Radiation Dose
Ionizing Radiation: How Much is Safe?
Investigating Matter Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiation
Natural Radioactive Decay
Developing Skills Nuclear Balancing Act
Nuclear Radiation Detectors
Investigating Matter Cloud Chambers
Making Decisions Ensuring Public Safety
Section B Summary
Using Radioactivity
Half-Life: A Radioactive Clock
Carbon-14 Dating
Modeling Matter Understanding Half-Life
Developing Skills Applications of Half-Lives
Radioisotopes in Medicine
Using Radioisotopes in Medicine
Nuclear Medicine Technologies
Artificial Radioactivity
Developing Skills Nuclear-Bombardment Reactions
Transmutation of Elements
Extending the Periodic Table
Making Decisions Opinions About Radioactivity
Section C Summary
Nuclear Energy: Benefits and Burdens
Unleashing Nuclear Forces
Modeling Matter The Tumbling Domino Effect
Nuclear Power Plants
Chemistry at Work Nuclear Power in Action: Submarines
Nuclear Fusion
Making Decisions The Safest Journey
Risk-Free Travel?
Nuclear Waste: Pandora's Box
Developing Skills Disposing of High- and Low-Level Waste
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together Communicating Scientific and Technical Information
Food: Matter and Energy for Life
Food as Energy
Food Groups
Making Decisions Diet and Food Groups
Investigating Matter Snack-Food Energy
Energy Flow: From the Sun to You
How Does Your Garden Grow?
Energy Release and Storage
Developing Skills Energy in Action
Energy In, Energy Out
Making Decisions Gain Some, Lose Some
Energy Intake and Expenditure
Section A Summary
Energy Storage and Use
Carbohydrates: One Way to Combine C, H, and O
Chemistry at Work Food for Thought
Fats: Another Way to Combine C, H, and O Atoms
Saturated and Unsaturated Fats
Developing Skills Calories From Fat
Developing Skills Fats in the Diet
Fat-Free Food?
Limiting Reactants
Modeling Matter Limiting-Reactant Analogies
Developing Skills Limiting Reactants in Chemical Reactions
Making Decisions Analyzing Fats and Carbohydrates
Section B Summary
Proteins, Enzymes, and Chemistry
Proteins: Function and Structure
Modeling Matter Molecular Structure of Proteins
Protein in Your Diet
Developing Skills Analyzing Daily Protein Requirements
Investigating Matter Enzymes
How Enzymes Work
A Problem to Chew On
Investigating Matter Amylase Tests
Making Decisions Protein Content
Section C Summary
Other Substances in Foods
Developing Skills Vitamins in the Diet
Investigating Matter Vitamin C
Minerals: Essential Within All Diets
Developing Skills Minerals in the Diet
Food Additives
Investigating Matter Analyzing Food-Coloring Additives
Regulating Additives
Nitrite Additives
Artificial Sweeteners
Developing Skills Food Additive Survey
Making Decisions Analyzing Vitamins and Minerals
Chemistry at Work Keeping Food Supplies Safe for Consumers
Section D Summary
Putting It All Together School Vending Choices: Guiding PTSA's Decisions
Looking Back
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