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Understanding Earth

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ISBN-10: 0716766825

ISBN-13: 9780716766827

Edition: 5th 2007

Authors: John Grotzinger, Thomas H. Jordan, Frank Press, Raymond Siever

List price: $129.99
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More than any other introductory physical geology textbook,Understanding Earthis designed to bring the worldview of the working geologist to an audience not only new to this specific field, but in many cases to science in general. Students aren't merely presented with concepts and processes--they come to learn how we know what we know, and how that knowledge impacts their lives as citizens and consumers.
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Book details

List price: $129.99
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: W. H. Freeman & Company
Publication date: 2/24/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 672
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 2.992
Language: English

Meet the Authors
The Modern Theory and Practice of Geology
The Earth System
The Scientific Method
Earth's Shape and Surface
The Geologic Record
Peeling the Onion: Discovery of a Layered Earth
Earth as a System of Interacting Components
An Overview of Geologic Time
Plate Tectonics: The Unifying Theory
The Discovery of Plate Tectonics
The Mosaic of Plates
Rates and History of Plate Motions
The Grand Reconstruction
Mantle Convection: The Engine of Plate Tectonics
The Theory of Plate Tectonics and the Scientific Method
Basic Geologic Processes
Earth Materials: Minerals and Rocks
What Are Minerals?
The Atomic Structure of Matter
Chemical Reactions
Chemical Bonds
The Atomic Structure of Minerals
Rock-Forming Minerals
Physical Properties of Minerals
What Are Rocks?
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
The Rock Cycle: Interactions Between the Plate Tectonic and Climate Systems
Minerals Occur in Rocks as Valuable Resources
Earth Issues: Sulfide Minerals React to Form Acid Waters on Earth and Mars
Igneous Rocks: Solids from Melts
How Do Igneous Rocks Differ from One Another?
How Do Magmas Form?
Where Do Magmas Form?
Magmatic Differentiation
Forms of Magmatic Intrusions
Igneous Activity and Plate Tectonics
Sedimentation: Rocks Formed by Surface Processes
Sedimentary Rocks Are Produced by Surface Processes in the Rock Cycle
Sedimentary Basins: The Sinks for Sediments
Sedimentary Environments
Sedimentary Structures
Burial and Diagenesis: From Sediment to Rock
Classification of Siliciclastic Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
Classification of Chemical and Biological Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks
Earth Policy: Darwin's Coral Reefs and Atolls
Metamorphism: Modification of Rocks by Temperature and Pressure
Metamorphism and the Earth System
Causes of Metamorphism
Types of Metamorphism
Metamorphic Textures
Regional Metamorphism and Metamorphic Grade
Plate Tectonics and Metamorphism
Deformation: Modification of Rocks by Folding and Fracturing
Mapping Geologic Structure
How Rocks Deform
Basic Deformation Structures
Styles of Continental Deformation
Unraveling Geologic History
Earth and Planets Through Geologic Time
Clocks in Rocks: Timing the Geologic Record
Reconstructing Geologic History from the Stratigraphic Record
Geologic Time Scale: Relative Ages
Measuring Absolute Time with Radioactive Clocks
Geologic Time Scale: Absolute Ages
Timing the Earth System
Earth Issues: The Grand Canyon Sequence and Regional Correlation of Strata
Early History of the Terrestrial Planets
Origin of the Solar System
Early Earth: Formation of a Layered Planet
Diversity of the Planets
What's in a Face? The Age and Complexion of Planetary Surfaces
Mars Rocks!
Exploring the Solar System and Beyond
Evolution of the Continents
The Tectonics of North America
Tectonic Provinces Around the World
How Continents Grow
How Continents Are Modified
The Formation of Cratons
The Deep Structure of Continents
Geobiology: Life Interacts with the Earth
The Biosphere as a System
Microbes: Nature's Tiny Chemists
Geobiological Events in Earth's History
Astrobiology: The Search for Extraterrestrial Life
Earth Issues: The Mother of all Mass Extinctions: Whodunit?
Internal Geosystems
Volcanoes as Geosystems
Lavas and Other Volcanic Deposits
Eruptive Styles and Landforms
Geosystem Interactions
The Global Pattern of Volcanism
Volcanism and Human Affairs
Earth Policy: Mount St. Helens: Dangerous but Predictable
What Is an Earthquake?
Studying Earthquakes
Earthquakes and Patterns of Faulting
Earthquake Destructiveness
Can Earthquakes Be Predicted?
Earth Issues: The Great Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004
Earth Issues: Seven Steps to Earthquake Safety
Exploring: Earth's Interior
Exploring the Interior with Seismic Waves
Layering and Composition of the Interior
Earth's Internal Heat and Temperature
The Three-Dimensional Structure of the Mantle
Earth's Magnetic Field and the Geodynamo
Earth Issues: The Uplift of Scandinavia: Nature's Experiment with Isostasy
Earth Issues: The Geoid: Shape of Planet Earth
Surficial Geosystems
The Climate System
Components of the Climate System
The Greenhouse Effect
Climate Variability
The Carbon Cycle
Twentieth-Century Warming: Human Fingerprints of Global Change
Earth Issues: Vostok and GRIP: Ice-Core Drilling in Antarctica and Greenland
Earth Issues: El Nino: The Wayward Child
Weathering, Erosion, and Mass Wasting: Interface Between Climate and Tectonics
Weathering, Erosion, Mass Wasting, and the Rock Cycle
Controls on Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Physical Weathering
Soil: The Residue of Weathering
Mass Wasting
Classification of Mass Movements
Understanding the Origins of Mass Movements
The Hydrologic Cycle and Groundwater
Flows and Reservoirs
Hydrology and Climate
The Hydrology of Runoff
Water Resources from Major Aquifers
Erosion by Groundwater
Water Quality
Water Deep in the Crust
Earth Issues: Water Is a Precious Resource: Who Should Get It?
Earth Issues: When Do Groundwaters Become Nonrenewable Resources?
Stream Transport: From Mountains to Oceans
Stream Valleys, Channels, and Floodplains
Drainage Networks
Where Do Channels Begin? How Running Water Erodes Solid Rock
How Stream Waters Flow and Transport Sediment
Deltas: The Mouths of Rivers
Streams as Geosystems
Earth Issues: The Development of Cities on Floodplains
Winds and Deserts
Wind as a Flow of Air
Wind as a Transport Agent
Wind as an Agent of Erosion
Wind as a Depositional Agent
The Desert Environment
Earth Issues: Martian Dust Storms and Dust Devils
Coastlines and Ocean Basins
Basic Differences Between Ocean Basins and Continents
Coastal Processes
Sea Level Change as a Measure of Global Warming
Continental Margins
The Deep Oceans
Ocean Sedimentation
Earth Policy: The Great New Orleans Flood
Earth Issues: Preserving Our Beaches
Glaciers: The Work of Ice
Ice as a Rock
How Glaciers Form
How Glaciers Move
Glacial Landscapes
Glaciations and the Climate System
Earth Issues: Isostasy and Sea-Level Change
Landscapes: Tectonic and Climate Interaction
Topography, Elevation, and Relief
Landforms: Features Sculpted by Erosion and Sedimentation
Interacting Geosystems Control Landscape
Models of Landscape Evolution
Earth Issues: Uplift and Climate Change: A Chicken-and-Egg Dilemma
Earth Science and Society
The Human Impact on Earth's Environment
Civilization as a Global Geosystem
Fossil-Fuel Resources
Alternative Energy Resources
Global Change
Welcome to the Anthropocene: A New Geologic Epoch
Earth System Engineering and Management
Earth Policy: Subsurface Toxic and Nuclear Waste Contamination
Earth Policy: The Kyoto Accords and the Politics of Climate Change
Conversion Factors
Numerical Data Pertaining to Earth
Chemical Reactions
Properties of the Most Common Minerals of Earth's Crust
Suggested Readings