Jagdish N. Bhagwati is University Professor at Columbia University and senior fellow in international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been the economic policy advisor to Arthur Dunkel, director-general of GATT; special advisor on globalization to the UN; and external advisor to the WTO. Professor Bhagwati has written on India for four decades and is widely credited (with his wife, Columbia University professor Padma Desai) with pioneering Indian reforms. He has been awarded several prizes and honorary degrees and has uniquely received six festschrifts.Charles W. Calomiris is the Henry Kaufman Professor of Financial Institutions at Columbia Business School and a professor at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs. He co-directs the Project on Financial Deregulation at the American Enterprise Institute and is a member of the Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee, is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and was a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Professor Calomiris served on the International Financial Institution Advisory Commission, a congressional commission that advised the U.S. government on the reform of the IMF, the World Bank, the regional development banks, and the WTO. His research spans several areas, including banking, corporate finance, financial history, and monetary economics. He received a BA in economics from Yale University in 1979 and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University in 1985, and serves on several boards of directors and editorial boards.