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Natural History of Families

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ISBN-10: 0691130353

ISBN-13: 9780691130354

Edition: 2005

Authors: Scott Forbes

List price: $34.00
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Description:

Using a broad sweep of entertaining examples from the world of humans and animals, Scott Forbes explains why seemingly antisocial behaviour can be necessary for families to function as cooperative units.
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Book details

List price: $34.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 1/22/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.06" wide x 9.21" long x 0.53" tall
Weight: 0.814
Language: English

Preface
Blame Parents
Do the Good Die Young?
The Family Myth
The Optimistic Parent
The Evolution of Family Size
The Puzzle of Obligate Brood Reduction
How Many Babies?
Avian Families
Core and Marginal Offspring
Asymmetric Sibling Rivalry Creates Disposable Offspring
The Evolution of Family Structure
What Is Parental Optimism?
Why Parental Optimism?
Tracking Erratic Resources
Replacement
Facilitation
Multiple Incentives for Parental Optimism
Are Humans Optimistic Parents?
Why Parents Play Favorites
Mom Always Liked You Best
The Fivefold Advantage of Favoritism
The Benefits and Costs of Unequal Parental Investment
Divestment of Unneeded Offspring
Benefits of Diversification
Correcting Earlier Decisions
Bet Hedging and Brood Reduction
How Parents Play Favorites
What Is a Phenotypic Handicap?
How Birds Play Favorites
Primary Versus Secondary Handicaps
How Blackbirds Play Favorites
Reversible Handicaps
How Marsupials Play Favorites
Brood Reduction in Rabbits
How Plants Play Favorites
Different Species, Same Idea
Humans Play Favorites Too
Birth Order and favoritism
Family Conflict
Genetic Conflict between Parents and Offspring
Parent-Offspring Conflict
Pregnancy and Parent-Offspring Conflict
Natural-Born Cancers
Imprinted Genes in Humans
Genetic Conflict and Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
Parent-Offspring Conflict over Embryo Growth
Imprinting and Gestational Diabetes
Pregnancy Sickness and Genetic Conflict
HCG: The Hormone of Pregnancy Sickness?
Evolution of Chorionic Gonadotropins in Primates
Chorionic Gonadotropins and Miscarriage
Selfishness Unconstrained
Brood Parasitic Birds
Old World Cuckoos
...and New World Cowbirds
Cowbird Mafia?
Cuckoo Catfish
The Origins of Brood Parasitism
Adopting Runaways?
Forced Adoption of Nonkin
Voluntary Adoption of Nonkin
The Lesson of Brood Parasitism
Screening for Offspring Quality
The Logic of Progeny Choice
Sequential versus Simultaneous Progeny Choice
Progeny Choice in Humans
Adaptive Miscarriage
Chromosomal Defects in Humans
Sex Chromosomes and Birth Defects
Turner's Syndrome and Genomic Imprinting
Birth Defects and Maternal Age
Rejecting Low-Quality Embryos
HCG and Adaptive Miscarriage
Relaxed Screening in Older Mothers?
Why Relaxed Selection?
Why More Spontaneous Abortions in Older Mothers?
The Origin of Genetic Defects
The Shadow of Menopause
Screening, Maternal Age, and the Role of Genomic Imprinting
Maternal Age and Twinning
Why Twins?
The Evolution of Brood and Family Size
Fault-Tolerant Design in Humans
Twinning as an Insurance Strategy
Insurance Offspring in Birds
In Vitro Fertilization and Twinning
Age, Trisomy 21, and Twinning
More Than Just Polyovulation
Twinning and Individual Optimization
Fit or Fat?
A Womb for Two
Natural Selection on Twinning Frequency
Brood Reduction before Birth?
Fatal Sibling Rivalry
Siblicide
Desperado Siblings Result from Extreme Favoritism
The Good and the Best
Facultative Versus Obligate Brood Reduction
Ultraselfish Alleles
Human Twins
"Biological" Influences
Family Harmony
Cooperation in Families
The Arthur Dent Effect
Why Cooperation?
The Road to Cooperation
Parental Optimism and the Evolution of Cooperation
Polyembryony and New Roles for Marginal Offspring
Parasitoid Wasps
Adaptive Suicide?
The Benefits of Teamwork
Social Insects: The Ultimate Team Players
Trophic Offspring
Sibling Synergies in Birds and Mammals
Conflict When Necessary, but Not Necessarily Conflict
Cooperative Defense...against Parents?
Facilitation in Humans?
Finding Their Niche: Birth Order and Human Behavior
Cannibalism and Infanticide
The Pathways to Cannibalism
Honey, I Ate the Kids
Offspring Designed to be Eaten
The Pathways to Infanticide
Sexually Selected Infanticide
Killer Rodents
Infanticide in Families
The Unwilling Parent?
Brave New Worlds
Artificial Parental Optimism and Infanticide
An Epidemic of Multiple Births
Risks of Multiple Gestation
The Ghost in the Machine
Embryo Reduction
Artificial Progeny Choice
Refining Artificial Progeny Choice
Does Assisted Reproduction Cause Low-Quality Progeny?
Send in the Clones
Parental Optimism and the Law of Unintended Consequences
Blame Parents
Debunking the Family Myth
Selected References
Index