How Policies Make Citizens Senior Political Activism and the American Welfare State
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Description: Some groups participate in politics more than others. Why? And does it matter for policy outcomes? In this richly detailed and fluidly written book, Andrea Campbell argues that democratic participation and public policy powerfully reinforce each other. Through a case study of senior citizens in the United States and their political activity around Social Security, she shows how highly participatory groups get their policy preferences fulfilled, and how public policy itself helps create political inequality. Using a wealth of unique survey and historical data, Campbell shows how the development of Social Security helped transform seniors from the most beleaguered to the most politically active age group. Thus empowered, seniors actively defend their programs from proposed threats, shaping policy outcomes. The participatory effects are strongest for low-income seniors, who are most dependent on Social Security. The program thus reduces political inequality within the senior population--a laudable effect--while increasing inequality between seniors and younger citizens. A brief look across policies shows that program effects are not always positive. Welfare recipients are even less participatory than their modest socioeconomic backgrounds would imply, because of the demeaning and disenfranchising process of proving eligibility. Campbell concludes that program design profoundly shapes the nature of democratic citizenship. And proposed policies--such as Social Security privatization--must be evaluated for both their economic and political effects, because the very quality of democratic government is influenced by the kinds of policies it chooses.
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $37.50
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 2/13/2005
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Andrea Louise Campbell is professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is the author of How Policies Make Citizens and coauthor of The Delegated Welfare State.
|List of Figures|
|List of Tables|
|Introduction: The Reciprocal Participation-Policy Relationship|
|Overview: Rising Senior Participation and the Growth of the American Welfare State|
|A Model of Senior Citizen Political Participation|
|Senior Citizen Participation and Policy over ime|
|Policy Threat and Seniors' Distinctive Political Voice|
|The Reciprocal Participation-Policy Relationship across Programs|
|Participation, Policymaking, and the Political Implications of Program Design|
|Two-Stage Social Security Participation Model|
|Senior/Nonsenior Mobilization Ratios by Party, 1956-96|
|Multiple Interrupted Time-Series Analysis|