Encountering Development The Making and Unmaking of the Third World
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Description: How did the industrialized nations of North America and Europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-World War II societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called Third World? And what will happen when development ideology collapses? To answer these questions, Arturo Escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. The development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "Development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "Third World" cases. Here Escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era. Escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of Colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. To depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts."
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 12/4/1994
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Arturo Escobar is the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. His most recent book is "Territories of Difference".
|Introduction: Development and the Anthropology of Modernity|
|The Problematization of Poverty: The Tale of Three Worlds and Development|
|Economics and the Space of Development: Tales of Growth and Capital|
|The Dispersion of Power: Tales of Food and Hunger|
|Power and Visibility: Tales of Peasants, Women, and the Environment|
|Conclusion: Imagining a Postdevelopment Era|