Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820-1920

ISBN-10: 0674931106

ISBN-13: 9780674931107

Edition: 2nd 1978

Authors: Paul Boyer

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For over a century, dark visions of moral collapse and social disintegration in American cities spurred an anxious middle class to search for ways to restore order. In this important book, Paul Boyer explores the links between the urban reforms of the Progressive era and the long efforts of prior generations to tame the cities. He integrates the ideologies of urban crusades with an examination of the careers and the mentalities of a group of vigorous activists, including Lyman Beecher; the pioneers of the tract societies and Sunday schools; Charles Loring Brace of the Children's Aid Society; Josephine Shaw Lowell of the Charity Organization movement; the father of American playgrounds, Joseph Lee; and the eloquent city planner Daniel Hudson Burnham. Boyer describes the early attempts of Jacksonian evangelicals to recreate in the city the social equivalent of the morally homogeneous village; he also discusses later strategies that tried to exert a moral influence on urban immigrant families by voluntarist effort, including, for instance, the Charity Organizations' "friendly visitors." By the 1890s there had developed two sharply divergent trends in thinking about urban planning and social control: the bleak assessment that led to coercive strategies and the hopeful evaluation that emphasized the importance of environmental betterment as a means of urban moral control.
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Book details

List price: $46.50
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1978
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 3/1/1992
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 404
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.30" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.848
Language: English

The Jacksonian Era
The Urban Threat Emerges: A Strategy Takes Shape
The Tract Societies: Transmitting a Traditional Morality by Untraditional Means
The Sunday School in the City: Patterned Order in a Disorderly Setting
Urban Moral Reform in the Early Republic: Some Concluding Reflections
The Mid-Century Decades: Years of Frustration and Innovation
Heightened Concern, Varied Responses
Narrowing the Problem: Slum Dwellers and Street Urchins
Young Men and the City: The Emergence of the YMCA
The Gilded Age: Urban Moral Control in a Turbulent Time
"The Ragged Edge of Anarchy": The Emotional Contextof Urban Social Control in the Gilded Age
American Protestantism and the Moral Challenge ofthe Industrial City
Building Character among the Urban Poor: TheCharity Organization Movement
The Urban Moral Awakening of the 1890s
The Two Faces of Urban Moral Reform in the 1890s
The Progressives and the City:Common Concerns, Divergent Strategies
Battling the Saloon and the Brothel: The Great CoerciveCrusades
One Last, Decisive Struggle: The Symbolic Componentof the Great Coercive Crusades
Positive Environmentalism: The Ideological Underpinnings
Housing, Parks, and Playgrounds: PositiveEnvironmentalism in Action
The Civic Ideal and the Urban Moral Order
The Civic Ideal Made Real: The Moral Vision of theProgressive City Planners
Positive Environmentalism and the Urban Moral-ControlTradition: Contrasts and Continuities
Getting Right with Gesellschaft: The Decay of the UrbanMoral-Control Impulse in the 1920s and After
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