Dominance Without Hegemony History and Power in Colonial India

ISBN-10: 0674214838

ISBN-13: 9780674214835

Edition: 1997

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What is colonialism and what is a colonial state? Ranajit Guha points out that the colonial state in South Asia was fundamentally different from the metropolitan bourgeois state which sired it. The metropolitan state was hegemonic in character, and its claim to dominance was based on a power relation in which persuasion outweighed coercion. Conversely, the colonial state was non-hegemonic, and in its structure of dominance coercion was paramount. Indeed, the originality of the South Asian colonial state lay precisely in this difference: a historical paradox, it was an autocracy set up and sustained in the East by the foremost democracy of the Western world. It was not possible for that non-hegemonic state to assimilate the civil society of the colonized to itself. Thus the colonial state, as Guha defines it in this closely argued work, was a paradox--a dominance without hegemony. Dominance without Hegemony had a nationalist aspect as well. This arose from a structural split between the elite and subaltern domains of politics, and the consequent failure of the Indian bourgeoisie to integrate vast areas of the life and consciousness of the people into an alternative hegemony. That predicament is discussed in terms of the nationalist project of anticipating power by mobilizing the masses and producing an alternative historiography. In both endeavors the elite claimed to speak for the people constituted as a nation and sought to challenge the pretensions of an alien regime to represent the colonized. A rivalry between an aspirant to power and its incumbent, this was in essence a contest for hegemony.
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Book details

List price: $39.00
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 1/15/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 268
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.056

Ranajit Guha is founding editor of Subaltern Studies and author of a number of celebrated books, including Dominance Without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. He has held various research and teaching positions in India, England, the United States, and Australia. He currently lives in Austria.

Note on Transliteration
Colonialism in South Asia: A Dominance without Hegemony and Its Historiography
Conditions for a Critique of Historiography Dominance and Its Historiographies
Containment of Historiography in a Dominant Culture Where Does Historical Criticism Come From?
The Universalizing
Tendency of Capital and Its Limitations
The General Configuration of Power in Colonial India
Paradoxes of Power Idioms of Dominance and Subordination Order and Danda
Improvement and Dharma Obedience and Bhakti Rightful Dissent and Dharmic Protest
Dominance without Hegemony: The Colonialist Moment Overdeterminations
Colonialism as the Failure of a Universalist Project
The Fabrication of a Spurious Hegemony
The Bad Faith of Historiography
Preamble to an Autocritique
Discipline and Mobilize: Hegemony and Elite Control in Nationalist Campaigns
Mobilization and Hegemony Anticipation of Power by Mobilization A Fight for Prestige
Swadeshi Mobilization Poor Nikhilesh Caste Sanctions Social Boycott Liberal Politics, Traditional Bans Swadeshi by Coercion or Consent?
Mobilization For Non-cooperation Social Boycott in Non-cooperation Gandhi's Opposition to Social Boycott Hegemonic Claims Contested
Gandhian Discipline Discipline versus Persuasion Two Disciplines- Elite and Subaltern Crowd Control and Soul Control
An Indian Historiography of India: Hegemonic Implications of a Nineteenth-Century Agenda
Calling on Indians to Write Their Own History
Historiography and the Formation of a Colonial State Early Colonial Historiography
Three Types of Narratives
Education as an Instrument of Colonialism
The Importance of English
Colonialism and the Languages of the Colonized Indigenous Languages Harnessed to the Raj Novels and Histories
Beginnings of an Indigenous Rationalist Historiography An Ideology of Matribhasha
Historiography and the Question of Power An Appropriated Past The Theme of Kalamka Bahubol and Its Objects
A Failed Agenda Notes
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