Oil Empire Visions of Prosperity in Austrian Galicia
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Description: At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Austrian Empire ranked third among the world's oil-producing states (surpassed only by the United States and Russia), and accounted for five percent of global oil production. By 1918, the Central Powers did not have enough oil to maintain a modern military. How and why did the promise of oil fail Galicia (the province producing the oil) and the Empire? In a brilliantly conceived work, Alison Frank traces the interaction of technology, nationalist rhetoric, social tensions, provincial politics, and entrepreneurial vision in shaping the Galician oil industry. She portrays this often overlooked oil boom's transformation of the environment, and its reorientation of religious and social divisions that had defined a previously agrarian population, as surprising alliances among traditional foes sprang up among workers and entrepreneurs, at the workplace, and in the pubs and brothels of new oiltowns. Frank sets this complex story in a context of international finance, technological exchange, and Habsburg history as a sobering counterpoint to traditional modernization narratives. As the oil ran out, the economy, the population, and the environment returned largely to their former state, reminding us that there is nothing ineluctable about the consequences of industrial development.
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List price: $34.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 9/15/2007
Size: 5.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Alison Fleig Frank is John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University.
|Note on Translation|
|The Land where Salt and Oiil Flowed: Austrian Galicia|
|Glacian California: Battle for Land and Mineral Rights|
|Petroleum Fever: Foreign Entepreneurs and a New National Industry|
|The Boys Dan't Sleep at Home: Workers' Dream of Wealth and Independence|
|Oil City: The Epidemic of Overproduction|
|Blood of the Earth: The Crisis of World War I|
|A Hotly Disputed Territory: The Struggle for Galicia|
|Appendix: Data on Oil Production|
|Notes Archival and Primary Sources|