Pocket Keys for Speakers

ISBN-10: 0618230467

ISBN-13: 9780618230464

Edition: 2004

Authors: Isa Engleberg, Ann Raimes

List price: $99.95
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Combining the expertise of two successful Houghton Mifflin authors, this handbook offers students a practical, "how-to" approach to speaking throughout their academic and professional careers. In addition, the authors clearly distinguish the principles of oral and written communication and provide quick references on grammar and mechanics. The text's convenient handbook size and format, along with its timeless content, make it an ideal lifelong resource. Public speaking coverage addresses ethics, listening, communication apprehension, and strategies for speaking in a variety of contexts. Grammar sections cover clarity and writing style, sentence basics, punctuation, mechanics, and multilingual/ESL strategies.
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Book details

List price: $99.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 5/27/2003
Binding: Comb Bound 
Pages: 352
Size: 4.50" wide x 8.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.836
Language: English

Nancy Summers is a professor at Harrisburg Area Community College, where she has served as department chair. Summers was the director of public education for a mental health system and has worked with numerous agencies to provide training, improve services, and assist with an internal reorganization. She remains actively in touch with numerous professionals in a wide variety of programs and recently published work on the supervision of the less experienced human services worker.Ann Raimes, a respected authority on writing, research, grammar, and ESL, created the KEYS FOR WRITERS family of handbooks (Cengage Learning) to be the most accessible, user-friendly handbooks available.

Preface: Why and How You Should Use Pocket Keys for Speakers
Keys to Effective Speaking
Getting Started as a Speaker
Begin the Speechmaking Process
The benefits of speechmaking
Determine why you are speaking
Understand the Seven Basic Principles of Effective Speaking
Purpose: Why are you speaking?
Audience: How will you adapt to your audience?
Logistics: Where and when will you be speaking?
Content: What ideas and information should you include?
Organization: How should you arrange your content?
Credibility: Are you believable?
Performance: How should you deliver your speech?
Reduce Your Speaking Anxiety
Understand the sources of your nervousness
Build your confidence
Use anxiety-reducing techniques
Listen to Others
Learn to listen
Listen to your audience
Listen to and evaluate other presenters
Speak Ethically
Follow ethical principles
Apply ethical standards to speechmaking
Avoid plagiarism
Determining Your Purpose and Topic
Establish Your Purpose
Identify your purpose
Differentiate public and private purposes
Move from Purpose to Topic
Select a good topic
Narrow your topic
Develop a purpose statement
Analyzing Your Audience and Adapting Your Presentation
Analyze and Adapt to Your Audience
Analyze your audience
Gather audience information
Adapt to your audience
Adapt to cultural differences
Analyze and Adapt to Logistics
Analyze and adapt to the setting
Adapt to time
Analyze and adapt to the occasion
Dress for the occasion
Supporting Your Presentation
Select Supporting Material
Find the right types of supporting material
Search for supporting materials
Evaluate Your Content
Test your content
Keep track of your content
Cite Your Sources
Cite your sources in writing
Use paraphrases
Cite your sources orally
Organizing and Outlining Your Presentation
Organize Your Content
Select your key points
Identify your central idea
Select an organizational pattern
Order your key points
Outline Your Presentation
Create a preliminary (working) outline
Create a formal outline
Create a presentation outline
Connect Your Key Points
Provide internal previews and summaries
Include transitions and signposts
Begin Your Presentation with Flair
Goals of the introduction
Ways to begin
Conclude Your Presentation with Flair
Goals of the conclusion
Ways to Conclude
Generating Credibility and Interest
Enhance Your Credibility
Include the components of credibility
Develop a credible presentation
Use Effective Language
Follow the 5C's of style
Choose effective oral language
Generate Interest
Overcome the boredom factor
Tell stories
Use humor
Involve your audience
Delivering Your Presentation
Achieve Effective Delivery
Choose your mode of delivery
Use notes effectively
Practice your presentation
Enhance Your Vocal Delivery
Vocal characteristics
Clarity and correctness
Enhance Your Physical Delivery
Components of physical delivery
Delivering mediated presentations
Use Presentation Aids
Functions of presentation aids
Types of presentation aids
Select appropriate media
Design effective presentation aids
Handle presentation aids successfully
Speaking to Inform and Persuade
Speak to Inform
Informative speaking strategies
Informative speaking tips
Sample informative presentation outline
Speak to Persuade
Adapt to audience attitudes
Persuasive speaking methods
Persuasive speaking tips
Persuasive organizational patterns
Sample persuasive presentation
Speaking in Special Contexts
Adapt to Special Occasions
Introducing a speaker
Sample presentation: Introducing a speaker
Welcoming an audience
Sample welcoming remarks
Making a toast
Sample toast
Delivering a eulogy
Sample eulogy
Learn How to Speak Impromptu
Impromptu speaking strategies
Question-and-answer sessions
"Learn How to Speak in Business Settings
Business briefings
Sales presentations
Speaking in groups
Team presentations
Speaking in the Classroom
Speak to Learn
Differentiate Written and Oral Reports
Organize your report like a speech
Focus on your delivery
Apply the Seven Principles to Classroom Speaking
Determine the instructor's purpose
Adapt to the classroom audience
Adjust to classroom logistics
Choose appropriate content
Organize to meet the assignment
Enlist your credibility to improve your grade
Use appropriate delivery
Adapt to Academic Disciplines
Arts and humanities
Engineering and technology
Science and mathematics
Social sciences
Social services
Classroom Debates
Keys to Style, Grammar, and ESL
The 5 C's of Style
The First C: Cut
Cut wordiness
Cut formulaic phrases
The Second C: Check for Action ("Who's Doing What?")
Ask "Who's doing what?" about subject and verb
Use caution in beginning a sentence with there or it
Avoid unnecessary passive voice constructions
The Third C: Connect
Apply the principle of consistent subjects
Connect with transitional words and expressions
Vary the way you connect and combine your ideas
Connect ideas and paragraphs
The Fourth C: Commit
Commit to critical thinking
Commit to a point of view
The Fifth C: Choose Vivid, Appropriate, and Inclusive Words
Choose vivid and specific words
Avoid slang, regionalisms, and jargon
Avoid biased and exclusionary language
Basic Grammar
Sentence Snarls
Tangles: Mixed constructions, faulty comparisons, and convoluted syntax
Misplaced modifiers
Dangling modifiers
Faulty predication
Definitions and reasons: Avoiding is when and the reason is because
Lack of parallel structures
Necessary words in compound structures and comparisons
Verb forms in Standard English
Verb forms after auxiliaries
Verbs commonly confused
Verb tenses
Past tense and past participle forms
Verbs in conditional sentences, wishes, requests, demands, and recommendations
Passive voice
Subject-Verb Agreement
Basic principles
Words between subject and verb
Subject after verb
Tricky subjects
Collective nouns
Compound subjects
Indefinite pronouns
Quantity words
Relative clauses (who, which, that)
Personal pronouns
Clear reference
Agreement with antecedent
Appropriate use of you
Who, whom, which, that
Adjectives and Adverbs
Correct forms of adjectives and adverbs
When to use adjectives and adverbs
Compound adjectives
Avoiding double negatives
Comparative and superlative forms
Avoiding faulty and incomplete comparisons
For Multilingual Speakers (ESL)
A, An, and The
What you need to know about nouns
Articles: Four basic questions
Basic rules for articles
The for a specific reference
Infinitive, -ing, and -ed Verb Forms
Verb followed by an infinitive
Verb followed by -ing (gerund)
Verb followed by a preposition + -ing
Verb followed by an infinitive or -ing
ing and -ed forms as adjectives
Sentence Structure and Word Order
Basic rules of order
Direct and indirect object
Direct and indirect questions
Although and because clauses
Glossaries and Index
Glossary of Speaking Terms
Glossary of Usage
Glossary of Grammatical Terms
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