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Lyrical Ballads and Related Writings

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ISBN-10: 0618107320

ISBN-13: 9780618107322

Edition: 2002

Authors: William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Richey, Daniel Robinson, Alan AA Richardson

List price: $30.95
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Description:

In addition to the complete 1798 London edition of Lyrical Ballads, this volume contains a generous sampling of ballads, rustic and humanitarian poetry, and nature poems by the poets' contemporaries; literary, philosophical, and political backgrounds by essayists such as Rousseau, Adam Smith, and Wollstonecraft; and reactions to Lyrical Ballads.
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Book details

List price: $30.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 9/26/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 5.35" wide x 8.15" long x 0.60" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

William Wordsworth, 1770 - 1850 Born April 7, 1770 in the "Lake Country" of northern England, the great English poet William Wordsworth, son of a prominent aristocrat, was orphaned at an early age. He attended boarding school in Hawkesmead and, after an undistinguished career at Cambridge, he spent a year in revolutionary France, before returning to England a penniless radical. Wordsworth later received honorary degrees from the University of Durham and Oxford University. He is best known for his work "The Prelude", which was published after his death. For five years, Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy lived very frugally in rural England, where they met Samuel Taylor Coleridge. "Lyrical Ballads", published anonymously in 1798, led off with Coleridge's "Ancient Mariner" and ended with Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey". Between these two masterworks are at least a dozen other great poems. "Lyrical Ballads" is often said to mark the beginning of the English romantic revolution. A second, augmented edition in 1800 was prefaced by one of the great manifestos in world literature, an essay that called for natural language in poetry, subject matter dealing with ordinary men and women, a return to emotions and imagination, and a conception of poetry as pleasure and prophecy. Together with Robert Southey, these three were known as the "Lake Poets", the elite of English poetry. Before he was 30, Wordsworth had begun the supreme work of his life, The Prelude, an immensely long autobiographical work on "The Growth of the Poet's Mind," a theme unprecedented in poetry. Although first finished in 1805, The Prelude was never published in Wordsworth's lifetime. Between 1797 and 1807, he produced a steady stream of magnificent works, but little of his work over the last four decades of his life matters greatly. "The Excursion", a poem of epic length, was considered by Hazlitt and Keats to be among the wonders of the age. After "Lyrical Ballads", Wordsworth turned to his own life, his spiritual and poetical development, as his major theme. More than anyone else, he dealt with mysterious affinities between nature and humanity. Poems like the "Ode on the Intimations of Immortality" have a mystical power quite independent of any particular creed, and simple lyrics like "The Solitary Reaper" produced amazingly powerful effects with the simplest materials. Wordsworth also revived the sonnet and is one of the greatest masters of that form. Wordsworth is one of the giants of English poetry and criticism, his work ranging from the almost childishly simple to the philosophically profound. Wordsworth married Mary Hutchinson in 1802 and in 1813, obtained a sinecure as distributor of stamps for Westmoreland. At this stage of his life, Wordsworth's political beliefs had strayed from liberal to staunchly conservative. His last works were published around 1835, a few trickled in as the years went on, but the bulk of his writing had slowed. In 1842 he was awarded a government pension and in 1843 became the Poet Laureate of England, after the post was vacated by his friend Coleridge. Wordsworth wrote over 523 sonnets in the course of his lifetime. Wordsworth died at Rydal Mount on April 23, 1850. He is buried in Grasme Curchyard. He was 80 years old.

Born in Ottery St. Mary, England, in 1772, Samuel Taylor Coleridge studied revolutionary ideas at Cambridge before leaving to enlist in the Dragoons. After his plans to start a communist society in the United States with his friend Robert Southey, later named poet laureate of England, were botched, Coleridge instead turned his attention to teaching and journalism in Bristol. Coleridge married Southey's sister-in-law Sara Fricker, and they moved to Nether Stowey, where they became close friends with William and Dorothy Wordsworth. From this friendship a new poetry emerged, one that focused on Neoclassic artificiality. In later years, their relationship became strained, partly due to Coleridge's moral collapse brought on by opium use, but more importantly because of his rejection of Wordworth's animistic views of nature. In 1809, Coleridge began a weekly paper, The Friend, and settled in London, writing and lecturing. In 1816, he published Kubla Kahn. Coleridge reported that he composed this brief fragment, considered by many to be one of the best poems ever written lyrically and metrically, while under the influence of opium, and that he mentally lost the remainder of the poem when he roused himself to answer an ill-timed knock at his door. Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Christabel, and his sonnet Ozymandias are all respected as inventive and widely influential Romantic pieces. Coleridge's prose works, especially Biographia Literaria, were also broadly read in his day. Coleridge died in 1834.

Kevin J. H. Dettmar is professor and chair of the Department of English at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. He is the author of The Illicit Joyce of Postmodernism: Reading Against the Grain,editor of Rereading the New: A Backward Glance at Modernism,and (with Stephen Watt) Marketing Modernisms: Self-Promotion, Canonization, and Rereading.William Richey is associate professor of English at the University of South Carolina. He is the author of Blake's Altering Aesthetic.

About This Series
Introduction
A Note on the Texts
Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems
"Advertisement"
"The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere, in Seven Parts"
"The Foster-Mother's Tale: A Dramatic Fragment"
"Lines Left upon a Seat in a Yew-Tree Which Stands near the Lake of Esthwaite, on a Desolate Part of the Shore, yet Commanding a Beautiful Prospect"
"The Nightingale: A Conversational Poem, Written in April 1798"
"The Female Vagrant"
"Goody Blake and Harry Gill: A True Story"
"Lines Written at a Small Distance from My House, and Sent by My Little Boy to the Person to Whom They Are Addressed"
"Simon Lee, the Old Huntsman, with an Incident in Which He Was Concerned"
"Anecdote for Fathers, Shewing How the Art of Lying May Be Taught"
"We Are Seven"
"Lines Written in Early Spring"
"The Thorn"
"The Last of the Flock"
"The Dungeon"
"The Mad Mother"
"The Idiot Boy"
"Lines Written near Richmond, upon the Thames, at Evening"
"Expostulation and Reply"
"The Tables Turned: An Evening Scene, on the Same Subject"
"Old Man Travelling: Animal Tranquillity and Decay, a Sketch"
"The Complaint of a Forsaken Indian Woman"
"The Convict"
"Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye during a Tour, July 13, 1798"
Contexts for Lyrical Ballads
Literary and Philosophical Backgrounds
"Ode I. To Fancy"
from Observations on Man, His Frame, His Duty, and His Expectations
from The Theory of Moral Sentiments
from A Discourse upon the Origin and Foundation of the Inequality among Mankind
from Emilius and Sophia, or A New System of Education
"Sonnet I"
"Sonnet II. Written at the Close of Spring"
"Sonnet IV. To the Moon"
from The Task: A Poem in Six Books
"To Sensibility"
"Sonnet on Seeing Miss Helen Maria Williams Weep at a Tale of Distress"
"Sonnet XLIV. Written in the Church Yard at Middleton in Sussex"
"To Anna Matilda"
"Effusion XXXV. Composed August 20th, 1795, at Clevedon, Somersetshire"
"Sonnet LXX. On Being Cautioned against Walking on an Headland Overlooking the Sea, Because It Was Frequented by a Lunatic"
from A Series of Plays
Political Backgrounds
from A Dissertation on the Poor Laws
from Thoughts on the Importance of Manners of the Great to General Society
from A Vindication of the Rights of Men
from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Political Justice
from The Complaints of the Poor People of England
"The Old Peasant"
"The Benevolence"
from Thoughts and Details on Scarcity
from "Outline of a Work Entitled 'Pauper Management Improved'"
Fears in Solitude and Other Political Writings by Coleridge
from Letter to Robert Southey
"Address to a Young Jack-Ass, and Its Tether'd Mother, in Familiar Verse"
from Conciones and Populum, or Addresses to the People
"Remonstrance to the French Legislators"
"Fears in Solitude"
"France: An Ode"
"Frost at Midnight"
The Ballad Revival
"The Wandering Jew"
"Barbara Allen's Cruelty"
"The Storm-Beat Maid"
"Lenora, A Ballad"
"The Lass of Fair Wone"
"Alonzo the Brave and Fair Imogine"
"Conscience the Worst of Tortures"
Rustic and Humanitarian Poetry
From The Village: A Poem in Two Books
From The Task: A Poem in Six Books
"The Happy Cottage"
"Tam o' Shanter: A Tale"
"The Beggar's Petition"
"The Beggar Boy"
"Patient Joe, or the Newcastle Collier"
"The Story of Sinful Sally, Told by Herself"
"The Widow"
"Hannah: A Plaintive Tale"
"The Idiot"
from the Anti-Jacobin
"The Dead Beggar"
"The Old Cumberland Beggar: A Description"
Nature
from Coopers Hill
"Sonnet IX. To the River Lodon"
from Observations on the River Wye
"Sonnet III. To a Nightingale"
from Lewesdon Hill: A Poem
"Sonnet II"
"Sonnet IX. To the River Itchin, near Winton"
"Sonnet XIX. Netley Abbey"
"Effusion XXIII. To the Nightingale"
"Sonnet IV. To the River Otter"
"Lewti, or the Circassian's Love Chant"
"Sonnet Written in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire"
Reactions to Lyrical Ballads
Contemporary Reviews
from the Critical Review
from the New London Review
from the Monthly Review
from the British Critic
Poetic Responses
"The Sailor, Who Had Served in the Slave Trade"
"The Mad Woman"
"The Poor, Singing Dame"
"The Haunted Beach"
"Barham-Downs, or Goody Grizzle and Her Ass"
from The Simpliciad
Reactions of Wordsworth and Coleridge
"Note to 'The Thorn'"
"Note to 'The Ancient Mariner'"
"Preface [to Lyrical Ballads (1802)]"
"Appendix [Poetic Diction]"
from Biographia Literaria, or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions
"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"
"Simon Lee, the Old Huntsman, with an Incident in Which He Was Concerned"
Chronology
Works Cited
For Further Reading